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Diseases » Abdominal Aneurysm » Glossary
 

Glossary for Abdominal Aneurysm

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: A weakness and bulging of a section of an abdominal blood vessel called the abdominal aorta. It is usually associated with severe atherosclerosis in the blood vessel.
  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Aortic aneurysm: A localised dilatation of the aorta which results in a 50% increase in its diameter
  • Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels. It is a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, in large part due to the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low density (especially small particle) lipoproteins (plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high density lipoproteins (HDL). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Connective tissue disorders: Any condition affecting connective tissues.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Dizziness: Feelings of lightheadedness or giddiness.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: A group of inherited connective tissue disorders primarily involving the joints and skin. There are 11 disorders in the group.
  • Low blood pressure: Blood pressure that is too low
  • Marfan syndrome: A genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defect of chromosome 15q21.1 which affects the production of the fibrillin needed to make connective tissue.
  • Peptic ulcer / duodenal ulcer:

 

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