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Glossary for Accident or injury conditions

  • Abdominal Injuries: Any injury involving the abdomen. Injuries may penetrating or caused by a fall or blow to the abdomen. Symptoms are variable depending on the nature of the injury.
  • Abdominal muscle strain: Damage to the abdominal muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Accidental Eye Injury: The accidental injury to an eye
  • Accidental death: The death of a person occurring accidentally
  • Accidental injury: An injury that occurs accidentally
  • Acute sensorineural hearing loss by acute acoustic trauma or sudden deafness or surgery induced acoustic trauma: Sudden hearing loss caused by such things as very loud noise (such as an explosion) or surgery.
  • Alcock syndrome: A nerve disorder which causes pain in the pelvic, genital and perianal areas.
  • Amputation: Loss of a limb or extremity from trauma or accident.
  • Animal bite: The physical bite from any animal
  • Ankle injuries: Injury to the ankle
  • Ankle sprain: Damage to the ankle ligaments.
  • Arm injury: An injury to the arm
  • Automobile accidents injury: An injury caused by the mechanism of a car accident
  • Autonomic dysreflexia syndrome: A complication caused by injury to the neck or upper back region of the spinal cord. Symptoms are induced by stimulation below the level of the injury which can be caused by such things as distended bladder, scratching the feet, squeezing the penis, stimulation of the rectum or accumulation of gas.
  • Back injuries: A term usually used to describe any musculoskeletal back injury - a common workplace occurrence.
  • Back sprain: Damage to ligaments in the back.
  • Barotrauma: Damage to the lungs, ear or sinuses caused by rapid or extreme changes in air pressure.
  • Battle's sign: Bruising behind the ears indicating a base of skull fracture.
  • Bennett fracture: A fracture that occurs at the base of the thumb. The fracture occurs in such a way as to dislocate the thumb joint.
  • Bicep muscle strain: Damage to the bicep muscle in the arm due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Bicipital tendonitis: Inflammation of the bicipital tendon (the long head of the biceps tendon). It is often associated with some sort of trauma or overuse. It is usually associated with rotator cuff disease.
  • Billroth disease (1): A buildup of cerebrospinal fluid under the scalp. It tends to occur mainly in children as a result of skull fractures or a tear in a membrane that surrounds the central nervous system (arachnoid).
  • Birth Injury: An injury to the mother caused by childbirth
  • Black eye: Bleeding in the skin around the eye
  • Boerhaave syndrome: A rare spontaneous rupture of the esophagus which can occur during violent vomiting or retching.
  • Boutonniere deformity: A finger deformity where the finger permanently bends down at the middle joint and the end joint bends backwards. It can occur as the result of an injury to the tendon or an inflammatory condition such as rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Bowler's finger syndrome: A condition that occurs in bowlers and involves a lump at the base of the thumb and sore, stiff joints in some of the fingers.
  • Brachial Plexus Injury: Damage to the nerves controlling the shoulder and arm (often from childbirth).
  • Brain Concussion: Trauma resulting in minor injury to the brain which causes a period of interrupted brain function. Simple concussions resolve themselves in about a week whereas more serious ones have persisting symptoms. The onset of symptoms may be delayed.
  • Broken Collarbone: Fractured collarbone (clavicle)
  • Broken finger: Fracture of a finger bone
  • Broken foot: Fracture of one or more foot bones
  • Broken hand: Fracture of one or more bones in the hand
  • Broken jaw: Fracture of the jaw bone (mandible)
  • Broken leg: Fracture of a bone in the upper or lower leg
  • Broken neck: Fracture of the bone or bones in the cervical spine.
  • Broken nose: Fracture of the nose
  • Broken shoulder blade: Fracture of the shoulder blade bone (scapula)
  • Broken toe: Fracture of a bone in a toe
  • Burns: Injury from burns and scalds.
  • Bywaters' syndrome: A trauma or accident involving the crushing of soft tissues and associated symptoms. Severe cases can result in death.
  • Calf muscle strain: Damage to the calf muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Cat bite: Bite from a cat.
  • Cauliflower ear: Ear deformity from ear trauma; common in boxers
  • Caustic or corrosive substance ingestion: Ingestion of a caustic (alkaline) or corrosive (acidic) substance. Many cases occur when children ingest cleaning products found in the home.
  • Cerebral contusion: Injury of the cerebrum often causing bruising when the skin is not broken.
  • Chemical burn -- airways: Burns to the airways caused by a chemical - usually through inhalation but can also occur through aspiration if the chemical is swallowed. Symptoms vary depending on the type, quantity and strength of the chemical involved as well as the duration of the exposure to the chemical and promptness of treatment measures. Immediate medical attention should be sought if chemical burns to the airways are suspected.
  • Chemical burn -- eyes: Burns to the eye caused by a chemical. Symptoms vary depending on the type, quantity and strength of the chemical involved as well as the duration of the exposure to the chemical and promptness of treatment measures. Immediate medical attention should be sought if chemical burns to the eyes are suspected.
  • Chemical burn -- ingestion: Burns to the mouth and gastrointestinal system caused by swallowing a chemical. Symptoms vary depending on the type, quantity and strength of the chemical involved as well as the duration of the exposure to the chemical and promptness of treatment measures. Immediate medical attention should be sought if chemical burns to the gastrointestinal system are suspected.
  • Chemical burn -- skin: Burns to the skin caused by a chemical. Symptoms vary depending on the type, quantity and strength of the chemical involved as well as the duration of the exposure to the chemical and promptness of treatment measures.
  • Coccyx injury: Injury to the coccyx (tailbone)
  • Compartment Syndrome: Excessive bleeding or swelling following surgery or injury can result in increased pressure within a section of the arms, legs or buttocks. The increased pressure affects blood flow and can result in tissue death necessitating amputation, nerve damage or muscle damage. The condition can be chronic or acute which is a medical emergency.
  • Concussion: Brain injury causing loss of consciousness and bruising of the brain
  • Corneal abrasion: Scratch on the cornea
  • Corneal flash burns: Corneal injury from bright lights
  • Criminal injury: An injury occurring during the committal of a criminal action
  • Dislocated elbow: Dislocation of the elbow joint
  • Dislocated jaw: Improper separation of the jaw bones
  • Dislocation: Bone dislocated from a joint
  • Dog bite: A bite that is caused by a dog
  • Drowning: Accidental loss of life due to water.
  • Dwarfism -- thin bones -- multiple fractures: A rare form of dwarfism characterized by short stature as well as thin bones that are prone to fractures.
  • Ear foreign body: Having a "foreign body" stuck inside the ear
  • Elbow injury: An injury that affects the elbow
  • Elbow sprain: Damage to ligaments in the elbow.
  • Electrical burns: Burns caused when an electric current pass through the body or part of it. The symptoms and severity of the burn depends on the strength of the electrical current, the duration of the exposure and the part of the body involved. Prompt treatment in more severe cases can improve the prognosis.
  • Electrocution: Any injury caused by electricity
  • Epicondylitis: Elbow injury from repeated movements.
  • Erb's Palsy: Paralysis of the arm or hand often related to childbirth injury (also Brachial plexus palsy).
  • Eye foreign body: Feeling of grit or sand in the eye
  • Falls: When a person losses balance and falls over
  • Finger sprain: Damage to ligaments in a finger.
  • Firearm Injury: An injury caused by a firearm
  • Flail Chest: The separation of a portion of the rib cage from the rest of the chest wall - usually due to trauma. The severity of the condition varies depending on the extent of the damage.
  • Foot fracture: A fracture of one or several bones of the foot
  • Foot injury: Any injury to the foot
  • Foot sprain: Damage to ligaments in the foot.
  • Forearm injury: Any injury that occurs to the forearm
  • Forearm muscle strain: Damage to the forearm muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Fractured femur: A fracture that occurs in the femur of the leg
  • Frey Syndrome: A rare neurological disorder that is a complicate from surgery near the parotid glands
  • Frey's syndrome: A rare condition where the ears and/or cheeks become flushed or sweaty upon eating spicy, hot or bitter substances or chocolate. Injury to the facial nerve near the parotic gland causes the condition.
  • Frostbite: Tissue damage from freezing
  • Gluteal muscle strain: Damage to the gluteal muscle (buttocks) due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Golfer's elbow: Elbow and forearm disorder from repeated motions
  • Groin muscle strain: Damage to the groin muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Hand fracture: A fracture of one or several of the bones that create the hand
  • Hand muscle strain: Damage to the hand muscles due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Head injury: An injury to the head
  • Heart injury: An injury to the heart
  • Hip Flexor strain: Damage to the hip flexor muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Hip dislocation:
  • Hip injury: Any injury that affects the hip
  • Hip muscle strain: Damage to the hip muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Hip sprain: Damage to ligaments in the hip.
  • Hip subluxation: Partial dislocation of the hip - the ball of the hip joint is only partially in the socket.
  • Homicide: The killing of a person by another
  • Human bite: Bite from a human
  • Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
  • Intercostal nerve syndrome: A rare condition where abdominal nerves become trapped in the abdominal muscle (rectus abdominis) which causes pain in the abdominal wall. Excessive physical stress or pregnancy can cause the condition. The condition may be short lived or may be chronic and require surgical or other intervention.
  • Jaw sprain: Damage to ligaments in the jaw.
  • Joint injury: An injury to any joint in the body. The larger limb joints tend to be the most utilized and are hence more prone to injuries. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and location of injury and often the primary symptom is pain. A joint injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Joint injury -- ankle: An injury to the ankle which is the joint between the foot and lower leg. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and severity of the injury and often the primary symptom is pain. An ankle injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Joint injury -- elbow: An injury to the elbow which is the joint between the upper and lower arm. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and severity of the injury and often the primary symptom is pain. An elbow injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Joint injury -- finger: An injury to the finger joints. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and severity of the injury and often the primary symptom is pain. A finger joint injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Joint injury -- hip: An injury to the knee which is the joint at the uppermost part of the leg. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and severity of the injury and often the primary symptom is pain. A hip injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Joint injury -- knee: An injury to the knee which is the joint between the upper and lower leg. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and severity of the injury and often the primary symptom is pain. A knee injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Joint injury -- shoulder: An injury to the shoulder which is the joint at the top of the arm. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and severity of the injury and often the primary symptom is pain. A shoulder injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Joint injury -- toes: An injury to the toe joints. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and severity of the injury and often the primary symptom is pain. A toe joint injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Joint injury -- wrist: An injury to the wrist which is the joint between the hand and lower leg. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and severity of the injury and often the primary symptom is pain. A wrist injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Jumper syndrome: Injuries resulting from jumping or falling from a height.
  • Knee injury: Any injury that occurs to the knee
  • Knee sprain: Damage to ligaments in the knee.
  • Leg injury: Any injury that occurs to ones legs
  • Leg muscle strain: Damage to the leg muscles due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Local radiation injury: Tissue injury can result from exposure to radiation. The radiation dose, rate of dosing and tissues irradiated will determine the severity and type of symptoms. The effects may be chronic, delayed or acute.
  • Lower back muscle strain: Damage to the lower back muscles due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Lower back sprain: Damage to ligaments in the lower back.
  • Machinery accidents: Any accident that is caused by the use of machinery
  • Meniscus injury: Knee damage often from trauma or injury
  • Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Mild brain injury caused by trauma, accident or injury
  • Muscle strain: Damage to a muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Myositis ossificans post-traumatic: A calcified mass that can occur in soft tissue or muscle following a trauma to the area. The trauma may result from such things as mechanical injury or tendonitis. The symptoms are determined by the location and size of the lesion.
  • Nail avulsion: The separation of the nail from the nail bed
  • Natural accidents: Accidents that occur in nature
  • Neck injury: Any injury that occurs to the neck
  • Neck muscle strain: Damage to the neck muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage. Neck strain is most often caused by whiplash in vehicle accidents.
  • Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: Hearing loss from loud noise exposure.
  • Nose foreign body: Having a foreign body inserted in a nostril or otherwise in the nose.
  • Occupational Injuries: Any injury that occurs during the act of working for monetary remuneration
  • Olecranon bursitis: Inflammation of the fluid-filled sac at the pointy end of the elbow. The inflammation can result from trauma to the elbow, infection or chronic injury which can result from frequently resting on the elbows.
  • Ollivier syndrome: Symptoms associated with a crush injury usually involving the chest or abdomen. The condition is observed in people being trampled in a crowd stampede.
  • Open Wound: Any wound that affects the skin and is open to the outside environment
  • Osgood Schlatter Condition: A knee condition believed to be caused by excessive tendon pulling on the kneecap. The bony portion betweent the lower kneecap and upper shin becomes painful, inflamed and swollen. Continuation of certain activities such as running and jumping can make the condition worse. Symptoms usually persist for weeks or months. One or both knees may be affected.
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease: Knee condition with inflammation of tendons and tissues.
  • Osteoporosis-like fracture of the hip: Fracture of the hip is a very common condition especially in the elderly age group due to weakening of the bones. Some other conditions which also lead to fracture of hip include
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Penetrating chest wound: A wound occurring in the chest caused by an object penetrating through the skin and into the chest cavity
  • Penetrating chest wounds: Multiple wounds in the chest caused by an object penetrating through the skin and into the chest cavity
  • Perforated eardrum: Hole occurring in the eardrum
  • Post-traumatic epilepsy: Recurring seizures that after some sort of trauma that results in injury to the brain. The seizures may be partial or generalized. The severity of the disorder is determined by the degree of damage to the brain.
  • Postconcussive syndrome: Symptoms that can occur following a head injury.
  • Posterior tibial tendon rupture: Rupture of the tendon at the bottom of the foot that helps maintain the foot arch. Some people are more prone to this condition than others - e.g. those who are over weight or have a history of flat feet. The pain usually begins on the inside of the foot behind the ankle.
  • Posttraumatic hypersomnia: Posttraumatic hypersomnia is excessive sleepiness that occurs as a result of a traumatic event involving the central nervous system.
  • Reactive perforating collagenosis, familial: A rare skin disorder which occurs in a familial pattern. The condition is characterized by protrusion of collagen fibers through the skin. The skin lesions tend to develop following minor skin trauma and cold weather can exacerbate the condition.
  • Recurring falls:
  • Repetitive Motion Disorders: Any of various injuries caused by repetitive motion.
  • Repetitive Strain Injury: Various conditions with inflammation from repetitive movements.
  • Rib fracture: A fracture of the ribs
  • Right hemisphere syndrome: A range of possible conditions that can result from damage to the right cerebral hemisphere.
  • Rollet syndrome: A rare disorder involving damage to a part of the eye orbit resulting in eye problems and skin sensation abnormalities involving the forehead, temples and top of the head.
  • Ruptured achilles tendon: Rupture (break) in the achilles tendon
  • Seat-belt syndrome: Injuries that occur in a car accident as a result of wearing a seat-belt. The range and severity of the injuries is variable.
  • Sensory nerve trauma: Injury or damage to a sensory nerve. Sensory nerves are nerves associated with delivering information from the body to the brain and spinal cord relating to the five senses - vision, hearing, touch, taste and smell. Damage to these nerves can result in heightened, reduced or abnormal sensations. Severity of symptoms vary depending on the location and extent of damage to the affected nerves.
  • Shaken Baby Syndrome: A condition caused by violent shaking of a baby.
  • Shin splints: Pain in the shins usually caused by sports or exercise
  • Shock, Traumatic: Shock is a life-threatening condition involving insufficient blood flow to the body tissues. Traumatic shock is caused by a serious injury or trauma to the body which affects the blood volume through one or more factors such as severe bleeding, heart damage and lung damage.
  • Shoulder Fracture: Fracture of the shoulder joint
  • Shoulder dislocation: Dislocation of the shoulder joint.
  • Shoulder injury: Any injury to the shoulder
  • Shoulder muscle strain: Damage to the shoulder muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Shoulder separation: Separation of collarbone (clavicle) and the shoulder blade (scapula).
  • Shoulder sprain: Damage to ligaments in the shoulder.
  • Skier's thumb: An acute injury to the ligament that joins the thumb to the other hand bones and stops it from pulling too far away from the hand. Skier's are most prone to the injury as a fall with the hand caught in the ski pole can result in the thumb being pulled away from the hand and resulting in stretching or even tearing of the ligament.
  • Snake bite: When a person is bitten by a snake
  • Spinal cord injury: Spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord as a result of a direct trauma to the spinal cord itself or as a result of indirect damage to the bones and soft tissues and vessels surrounding the spinal cord.
  • Spinal shock: A rare condition that can occur after spinal cord injury and involves a period of absent reflexes which may be permanent or last for hours to weeks. This period may be followed by a period of excessive reflexes.
  • Sports Injuries: Any condition that has resulted from injury to a part of the body due to participation in a sporting activity
  • Sprain: Ligament injury near a joint; compare strain
  • Sprains and strains: A joint injury in which some of the supporting tissues are damaged
  • Strain: Muscle or tendon injury; compare sprain
  • Subacromial bursitis: Inflammation of a pouch of synovial fluid which is located in the shoulder. It is most often caused by some sort of trauma or overuse of the shoulder. It is difficult to distinguish between subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff injury.
  • Superior orbital fissure syndrome: A neurological condition that can result from a fracture of the orbital fissure which is a cleft that lies behind the nose. The disorder that can also result from facial fractures, cavernous sinus infections or retrobulbar tumors or infections. Damage to the nerves that pass through the orbital fissure causes the symptoms.
  • Surgical foreign body: A foreign body that is left behind after surgery
  • Tennis elbow: Elbow and forearm disorder from repeated motions
  • Thigh injury: Any injury to the thigh
  • Thigh muscle strain: Damage to the thigh muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Tibial Fractures: A fracture of the shin bone. The fracture may be severe enough to displace the bone or may be a minor stable break.
  • Toe sprain: Damage to ligaments in a toe.
  • Torn Rotator Cuff: Tear in the shoulder area.
  • Toy-related injury: Any injury that is related to a toy
  • Traumatic Brain Injury: Brain injury from trauma or accident.
  • Traumatic Glaucoma: Traumatic glaucoma refers to a heterogeneous group of posttraumatic ocular disorders with different underlying mechanisms that lead to the common pathway of abnormal elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) .
  • Traumatic amputation: An injury where the result is a partial or complete loss of a body part such as a leg or a finger.
  • Traumatic laryngitis: Temporary hoarseness caused by inflammation of the larynx due to such things as bacteria, viral infection, allergies, overuse of voice, tumors and hormonal problems.
  • Traumatic spreading depression syndrome: Transient neurological problems that can occur after minor head injury in infants and children.
  • Traumatic ulcer: Break in the lining skin or mucous membrane caused due to trauma.
  • Tricep muscle strain: Damage to the tricep muscle in the arm due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Trigger thumb: A rare condition where problems with a tendon (inflammation) in the hand cause the finger or thumb to become painful and difficult to move.
  • Turf toe: A toe injury where the toe is suddenly bent in an upwards motion. The damage occurs in and around the joint that joins the big toe to the foot. It most often occurs when playing sport on artificial surfaces. Usually only the ligament is damaged but sometimes there may also be damage to the bone.
  • Ulnar nerve injury: Damage to the ulnar nerve in the elbow and arm.
  • Upper arm muscle strain: Damage to the upper arm muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Upper back muscle strain: Damage to the upper back muscle due to over-stretching of the muscle tissue. The damage involves tearing the muscle tissue. Small blood vessels may also be damaged which can cause bruising. The symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the damage.
  • Upper back sprain: Damage to ligaments in the upper back.
  • Vertebral Artery Dissection: A tear that develops in the vertebral artery and tends to result in a stroke. It is the most common cause of stroke in young people. Vertebral artery dissections can be caused by trauma to the neck, manipulation of the spine (chiropractics), high blood pressure or even blowing the nose in some cases.
  • Vertebral fracture: A fracture of the vertebra of the back
  • Water-skier colon: Injury caused by the entry of water at high speed into the rectum or vagina which can occur in high-speed water-skiing. Some cases can be severe enough to cause internal lacerations which can result in death due to blood loss if left untreated. Injury can be avoided by wearing reinforced skiing apparel rather than simply swimwear.
  • Whiplash: Neck injury often from a car accident.
  • Whiplash Injuries: An injury to the neck when the neck is rapidly forced backward and then forwards or vice versa. It most commonly occurs in vehicle accidents when the vehicle is stopped abruptly or pushed forwards suddenly.
  • Whiplash pain: Whiplash is when the soft tissues of the neck are injured by a sudden jerking or "whipping" of the head. This type of motion strains the muscles and ligaments of the neck beyond their normal range of motion.
  • Whole-body acute irradiation -- hematopoietic syndrome: Tissue injury can result from exposure to radiation. The radiation dose, rate of dosing and tissues irradiated will determine the severity and type of symptoms. The effects may be chronic, delayed or acute. Hematopoietic syndrome involves exposure of the whole body to radiation of 200-1,000 rads.
  • Wound Infection: Infection of a skin wound.
  • Wounds, Stab: Wounds caused by a sharp implement. The injury may be accidental or self-inflicted. Symptoms depend on the size, depth and location of the stab wound. The severing of a major blood vessel can rapidly lead to death.
  • Wrist injury: A condition that is characterised by an injury to the wrist
  • Wrist sprain: Damage to ligaments in the wrist.
  • Writer's cramp: A condition which is characterized by cramping of the intrinsic muscles of the hand due to use

 

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