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Diseases » Achondroplasia » Glossary

Glossary for Achondroplasia

  • Bone conditions: Conditions that affect the bones
  • Cartilage conditions: Medical conditions affecting the cartilage.
  • Chondrodystrophy: The abnormal development of cartilage which affects bone growth. The long bones of the body tend to be affected the most and results in short limbs.
  • Dwarfism: Short stature. There are several types of dwarfism: acromelic (short hand and foot bones), mesomelic (short forearm and lower leg bones) and rhizomelic (short upper arm and leg bones).
  • Failure To Thrive: Slow growth or inadequate weight gain of an infant or child.
  • Frontal bossing: Frontal bossing is an abnormally large forehead.
  • Genu varum: The presence of bowed legs - knees are apart and ankles are together while standing. Causes of the anomaly include certain intrauterine positions, rickets and various bone disorders.
  • Head symptoms: Symptoms affecting the head or brain
  • Kyphosis: Outward curvature of the spine at the back causing hunching or Dowager's hump
  • Limb conditions: Medical conditions affecting the upper or lower limbs.
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Prominent forehead: An enlarged or prominent forehead (brow) of the head.
  • Short stature: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by the association of short stature, Pierre Robin sequence, cleft mandible, hand anomalies and clubfoot.
  • Spine symptoms: Symptoms affecting the spine
  • Squint: Eyes not moving together properly


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