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Diseases » Acid-Base Imbalance » Glossary
 

Glossary for Acid-Base Imbalance

  • 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, type 1: A recessively inherited metabolic disorder characterized by methylglutaconic acid in the urine.
  • Acidemia, isovaleric: A rare genetic condition where the body can't process proteins adequately. More specifically, there are insufficient levels of the enzyme needed to break down an amino acid called leucine. This results in a build up of isovaleric acid which can harm the brain and nervous system. Some people suffer severe symptoms from birth and others suffer milder symptoms that come and go and are affected by such things as infections or consumption of high protein food.
  • Acidemia, propionic: An inherited genetic disorder where the body is incapable of processing some proteins and fats resulting in the accumulation of certain substances in the body which causes the symptoms of the condition. The condition can be life threatening.
  • Acidosis: Excess acidic toxins or waste products in the blood
  • Aggression: Overly aggressive behavior.
  • Alkalosis: Blood alkalinity levels too high (opposite of acidosis)
  • Bicarbonate deficit: A condition caused by excessive organic or inorganic acids in the body. The excess may be due to abnormally high acid production such as occurs during fever and starvation or may occur as a result of excessive acid intake, acid retention or loss of bases.
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Burnett's milk drinker's syndrome: Burnett's milk drinker's syndrome is a condition where the body is too alkaline and the blood contains too much calcium which results in impaired kidney function. It can be caused by drinking large quantities of milk or using too many alkaline antacid remedies. High vitamin D intake can make the condition worse. The people most at risk of this condition tend to be older people (especially women) who are taking calcium supplements as well as calcium carbonate containing remedies to treat dyspepsia.
  • Burnett's syndrome: Burnett's syndrome is a condition where the body is too alkaline and the blood contains too much calcium which results in impaired kidney function. It can be caused by drinking large quantities of milk or using too many alkaline antacid remedies. High vitamin D intake can make the condition worse. The people most at risk of this condition tend to be older people (especially women) who are taking calcium supplements as well as calcium carbonate containing remedies to treat dyspepsia.
  • Cardiomyopathy -- hypotonia -- lactic acidosis: A rare syndrome characterized by heart muscle disease, reduced muscle tone and lactic acidosis from birth.
  • Coma: Prolonged unconsciousness
  • Confusion: Mental confusion and impaired thinking.
  • Cope's syndrome: Cope's syndrome is a condition where the body is too alkaline and the blood contains too much calcium. It can be caused by drinking large quantities of milk or using too many alkaline antacid remedies. High vitamin D intake can make the condition worse. The people most at risk of this condition tend to be older people (especially women) who are taking calcium supplements as well as calcium carbonate containing remedies to treat dyspepsia. Severe cases can lead to impaired kidney function (Burnett's syndrome).
  • D-glycericacidemia: A rare metabolic disorder where the deficiency of an enzyme (D-Glycerate Kinase) causes high levels of glycine in the body.
  • Deafness-tubular acidosis-anaemia: A rare disorder characterized mainly by abnormal progressive calcification of the spinal cord and brain, kidney anomaly, anemia and deafness.
  • Decrease anion gap: A decrease in the difference between calculated serum anions and cations
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Life-threatening complication of high blood sugars and diabetes.
  • Electron Transfer Flavoprotein, deficiency of: A metabolic disorder involving an enzyme deficiency - electron transfer flavoprotein ubiquinone oxydoreductase. The severity of symptoms depends on the level of deficiency. The infant onset form is the most severe.
  • Fanconi-Albertini-Zellweger syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by congenital heart defect, brain abnormalities, unusual face and metabolic acidosis.
  • Glutaric Acidemia Type I: A condition which results in an inability to process the amino acids lysine, hydroxylysine and tryptophan
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Increased pressure inside skull: Increased pressure inside skull is an increase in the pressure within the skull.
  • Isovaleric Acidemia: A condition which is characterized by a defect in the pathway of leucine catabolism
  • Lactic Acidosis: Acidic blood (acidosis) due to buildup of lactate
  • Lactic Acidosis, Fatal Infantile: The excessive accumulation of lactic acid in the blood which leads to metabolic acidosis.
  • Lactic acidosis congenital infantile: A rare congenital condition where an infant has high levels of lactic acid in the blood causing metabolic acidosis.
  • Lactic acidosis, chronic adult form: A genetic disorder characterized by chronic lactic acidosis that occurs in adults. Alcohol and exercise can exacerbate symptoms.
  • MELAS: A mitochondrial disorder characterized by stroke-like episodes, headaches, vomiting and other neurological symptoms.
  • Methylmalonic acidemia:
  • Methylmalonic acidemia -- homocystinuria: A rare inborn error of metabolism which results in impaired vitamin B12 metabolism. There are a number of forms of this condition with variable severity.
  • Methylmalonic acidemia, Methylmalonyl CoA mutase deficiency: An inherited organic acid disorder where an enzyme (Methylmalonyl CoA mutase apoenzyme) deficiency impairs the body's ability to break down certain proteins (methionine, threonine, isoleucine and valine) consumed in the diet. This results in a buildup of glycine and methylmalonic acid which results in harmful affects.
  • Methylmalonic acidemia, methylmalonyl CoA racemase deficiency: An inherited organic acid disorder where an enzyme (methylmalonyl CoA racemase) deficiency impairs the body's ability to break down certain proteins (methionine, threonine, isoleucine and valine) consumed in the diet. This results in a buildup of glycine and methylmalonic acid which results in harmful affects.
  • Methylmalonic acidemia, synthesis defect of AdoCbl and MeCbl: An inherited organic acid disorder where an enzyme deficiency impairs the body's ability to break down certain proteins (methionine, threonine, isoleucine and valine) consumed in the diet. This results in a buildup of glycine and methylmalonic acid which results in harmful affects. The disorder results from a combined synthesis defect of AdoCbl and MeCbl.
  • Methylmalonic acidemia, vitamin B12 responsive: A rare genetic disorder characterized by the impaired ability to make a chemical called adenosylcobalamin. Adenosylcobalamin is a derivative of vitamin B12. The defect results a biochemical abnormality which affects the body's normal biochemical functioning. The condition responds to the administration of vitamin B12.
  • Methylmalonicacidemia with homocystinuria, cbl D: An inherited organic acid disorder where an enzyme deficiency (cblD) impairs the body's ability to break down certain proteins (methionine, threonine, isoleucine and valine) consumed in the diet. This results in a buildup of methylmalonic acid and homocystine which results in harmful affects.
  • Methylmalonicaciduria, vitamin B12 unresponsive, mut -: A metabolic disorder whose severity is somewhat variable with the degree of neurological involvement ranging from severe mental retardation to mild developmental delay. Some patients have no neurological involvement. The condition involves abnormal metabolism of vitamin B12 which doesn't respond to treatment using vitamin B12 administration. This disorder is less severe than the mut (0) form.
  • Methylmalonicaciduria, vitamin B12 unresponsive, mut 0: A metabolic disorder whose severity is somewhat variable - most patients die within months of birth with survivors having neurological problems. The condition involves abnormal metabolism of vitamin B12 which doesn't respond to treatment using vitamin B12 administration. This disorder is more severe than the mut (-) form
  • Milk poisoning: Milk poisoning is a condition where the body is too alkaline and the blood contains too much calcium. It can be caused by drinking large quantities of milk or using too many alkaline antacid remedies. High vitamin D intake can make the condition worse. The people most at risk of this condition tend to be older people (especially women) who are taking calcium supplements as well as calcium carbonate containing remedies to treat dyspepsia.
  • Milk-Alkali syndrome: Milk-Alkali syndrome is a condition where the body is too alkaline and the blood contains too much calcium which results in impaired kidney function. It can be caused by drinking large quantities of milk or using too many alkaline antacid remedies. High vitamin D intake can make the condition worse. The people most at risk of this condition tend to be older people (especially women) who are taking calcium supplements as well as calcium carbonate containing remedies to treat dyspepsia.
  • Mitochondrial myopathy -- lactic acidosis: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle disease and a metabolic disorder. The severity and progression of the disease is variable with some dying early in their second decade and others living longer.
  • Multiple carboxylase deficiency, propionic acidemia: A disorder of fat metabolism where the body is unable to convert fat to energy due to the lack of a number of enzymes (carboxylases). Sufferers need to eat regularly to prevent symptoms. Symptoms are determined by the size and exact location of the tumor.
  • Myopathy with Lactic Acidosis, Hereditary: A rare disorder where deficiency of an enzyme called aconitase results in muscle disease and intolerance to exercise.
  • Myopathy with lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anemia: A rare disorder of the bone marrow and skeletal muscles which manifests as muscle disease and anemia. Progressive intolerance to exercise usually starts during childhood with anemia occurring around adolescence.
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis: A rare disease that is tends to occur in premature infants and involves inflammation and destruction of gastrointestinal tissue. It usually occurs within weeks of birth - often after the start of milk feeding. The condition can be extremely serious and even fatal.
  • Nephropathic cystinosis: Cystinosis is a condition where excess amino acid cystine builds up to harmful levels in the body. The nephropathic form of cystinosis usually starts during infancy and can result in severe complications if untreated.
  • Neuroaxonal dystrophy -- renal tubular acidosis: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle and kidney abnormalities.
  • Organic acidemia: High blood levels of organic acids which is caused by abnormal protein metabolism. Maple syrup urine disease and propionic academia are examples of organic acidemias. Deficiency of certain metabolic enzymes one of the main causes of organic academia.
  • Primary tubular proximal acidosis: A rare disorder where abnormal function of the proximal kidney tubules causes a buildup of acid in the body. The kidney abnormality is not due to any other disease, condition or injury.
  • Pseudoaldosteronism: A rare genetic disorder involving early onset high blood pressure, reduced aldosterone secretion, hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis. The disorder originates from kidney dysfunction rather than impaired aldosterone secretion.
  • Pseudohyperaldosteronism: A disorder that occurs in some people who eat a lot of licorice. The licorice inhibits a particular enzyme which results in excessive production of aldosterone.
  • Refsum disease with increased pipecolic acidemia: A rare disorder involving all the clinical features of Refsum disease as well as high blood levels of L-pipecolic acid. Refsum disease is a metabolic disorder where a deficiency of phytanic acid alpha-hydroxylase results in a buildup of phytanic acid in the body which causes neurological disorders.
  • Renal tubular acidosis progressive nerve deafness: A kidney disorder where progressive nerve deafness is associated with the kidney's is inability to effectively remove acid from the blood and excrete it into the urine. The defect occurs in the distant portion of the kidney tubules whose job is to remove acid from the blood and excrete it through the urine.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal: A kidney disorder where the kidney is unable to effective remove acid from the blood and excrete it into the urine. The defect occurs in the distant portion of the kidney tubules whose job is to remove acid from the blood and excrete it through the urine.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal -- type I: A kidney disorder where the kidney is unable to effective remove acid from the blood and excrete it into the urine. The defect occurs in the distant portion of the kidney tubules whose job is to remove acid from the blood and excrete it through the urine. Type I also involves potassium level abnormalities.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal -- type III: A kidney disorder where the kidney is unable to effective remove acid from the blood and excrete it into the urine. The defect occurs in the distant portion of the kidney tubules whose job is to remove acid from the blood and excrete it through the urine. Type III involves the potassium level abnormalities of type I as well as bicarbonate level abnormalities resulting from excessive bicarbonate removal from the blood at the proximal part of the kidney tubules.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal, autosomal dominant: A rare kidney disorder characterized mainly by increased urine alkalinity and high blood acidity due to abnormal kidney functioning.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal, autosomal recessive: A rare kidney disorder characterized mainly by increased urine alkalinity and high blood acidity due to abnormal kidney functioning. Hearing loss may occur later in life.
  • Renal tubular acidosis, distal, type 4: A rare disorder where the kidney tubules fail to remove acids from the blood and into the urine which results in high blood acidity. The disorder is caused by low levels of the aldosterone hormone or the kidneys inability to respond to the hormone.
  • Respiratory acidosis: Respiratory acidosis is acidosis (abnormally increased acidity of the blood) due to decreased ventilation of the pulmonary alveoli, leading to elevated arterial carbon dioxide concentration.
  • Respiratory alkalosis: An acid-base imbalance disorder involving the blood gases. It is characterized by decreased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood and is caused by an increase in the breathing rate or volume. The severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Short stature -- hyperkaliemia -- acidosis: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by short stature and metabolic abnormality.
  • Succinic acidemia: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by high levels of succinic acid in the blood.
  • Succinic acidemia -- lactic acidosis, congenital: A very rare disorder characterized by high levels of succinic acid in the blood and high blood acidity which starts at birth or soon after.
  • The Congenital Lactic Acidoses: A condition which is characterized by congenital lactic acidoses
  • The Methylmalonic Acidemias: A condition which is characterized by an excess of methylmalonic acid in the blood
  • Tiglic acidemia: Increased blood tiglic acid levels due to a metabolic disorder involving the breakdown of isoleucine to propionic acid.

 

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