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Diseases » Acrocyanosis » Glossary

Glossary for Acrocyanosis

  • Blue hands: Blue appearance of the hands
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Foot conditions: Any condition that may affect the foot
  • Hand conditions: Any condition that affects the hand
  • Increased sweating: A condition which is characterized by an abnormal excess of sweating
  • Limb conditions: Medical conditions affecting the upper or lower limbs.
  • Lower limb conditions: Any medical condition affecting the lower limbs, i.e. the legs, knees, feet, etc..
  • Perniosis: A blood vessel disorder where exposure to cord damp weather results in skin lesions on the extremities.
  • Primary hyperoxaluria type 1: A rare inherited inborn metabolic disorder characterized by excessive amounts of oxalate in the urine and deposits of oxalate in the kidneys which leads to progressive kidney failure. There are two subtypes of Oxalosis, each with a different origin for the genetic defect involved. Type 1 involves a deficiency of a liver enzyme called Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase. Type 2 tends to cause a milder disease than type 1 with better longterm outcomes.
  • Raynaud's phenomenon: Blood vessel constriction attacks affecting fingers and/or toes.
  • Upper limb conditions: Any medical condition affecting the upper limbs, i.e. the arms, elbows, hands, etc.
  • Van Bogaert-Hozay syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by destruction of ends of finger bones, mental retardation, skin wasting and eye and facial abnormalities.


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