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Diseases » Acute kidney failure » Glossary
 

Glossary for Acute kidney failure

  • Acidosis: Excess acidic toxins or waste products in the blood
  • Acute infections: An infection that occurs acutely
  • Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency: A rare genetic disorder where an enzyme (2, 8-dihydroxyadenine) deficiency results in urinary tract stone formation.
  • Bacterial toxic-shock syndrome: A very rare, potentially fatal infection caused by toxins produced by bacteria, especially bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes. The condition is often associated with tampon use but can originate from other sources.
  • Blood in urine: Hematuria is blood in the urine.
  • Boutonneuse fever: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Bruch's disease: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Capillary leak syndrome with monoclonal gammopathy: A rare condition characterized by leaky blood vessels and an increased level of certain blood proteins (monoclonal gammopathy). Monoclonal gammopathy itself does not cause any symptoms unless it develops into plasma cell leukemia. The condition may vary from mild to severe enough to cause death.
  • Caterpillar-induced bleeding syndrome: Caterpillars from the Lonomia genus have spines along their body which can penetrate human skin and cause blood coagulation problems. The severity of the symptoms vary depending on the degree of envenomation but serious cases can result in death.
  • Caterpillar-induced bleeding syndrome -- Lonomia achelous: Lonomia achelous caterpillars are native to Northern Brazil and Venezuela. They have spines along their body which can penetrate human skin and cause blood coagulation problems. The severity of the symptoms vary depending on the degree of envenomation but serious cases can result in death.
  • Caterpillar-induced bleeding syndrome -- Lonomia obliqua: Lonomia obliqua caterpillars are native to Southern Brazil and have spines along their body which can penetrate human skin and cause blood coagulation problems. The severity of the symptoms vary depending on the degree of envenomation but serious cases can result in death.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Phosphine: Phosphine is a chemical used mainly in pesticides and rodenticides. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chronic kidney failure: Gradual failure of the kidneys over a period of time
  • Conor's disease: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Dehydration: Loss of fluids in the body
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Diphtheria: Infectious bacterial respiratory disease
  • Drug abuse: Addiction to any of various illicit drugs.
  • Eclampsia: Eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Electrolyte imbalance: impairment in the level of electrolytes in the body
  • End-stage renal disease: Final stage of total kidney failure.
  • Erythroderma: Condition with thickening and flaking skin
  • Escharonodulaire: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Escherichia coli O157:H7: A form of bacteria commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract
  • Hantavirus: A genus of viruses from the family Bunyaviridae
  • Heatstroke: Heat exhaustion and collapse from heat exposure
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome, atypical, childhood: A rare disorder involving destruction of blood cells and kidney disease. Unlike typical hemolytic uremic syndrome which usually follows a bacterial infection, the atypical form is possibly a genetic disorder. The distinguishing feature of the atypical form is that no diarrhea is involved. The atypical form has a poorer prognosis than the typical form.
  • Hemorragic fever with renal syndrome: A group of infectious diseases that involve bleeding, fever and kidney problems. Examples of viruses that can cause such infectious diseases include Hantan virus, Puumala virus and Seoul virus. Examples of diseases caused by viruses in this group includes epidemic nephritis, Hantaan fever and Songo fever. The virus is usually transmitted to human by rodents or biting insects such as mosquitos. The severity and range of symptoms is determined by the particular virus involved.
  • Hepatorenal Syndrome: A condition the occurs as a result of severe liver disease.
  • Hyperkalaemia: Increased concentration of potassium in the blood.
  • Hypernatraemia: increased concentration of sodium in the blood
  • Hyperphosphataemia: An increased level of phosphate in the circulation above that which is considered normal
  • Hypocalcaemia: Decreased concentration of calcium in the blood.
  • India tick typhus: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Indian tick fever: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Israeli spotted fever: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Kenya fever: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Kenya tick typhus: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Kenya tick-bite fever: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • Kidney conditions: Any condition affecting the kidney organs.
  • Kidney damage -- 1,2-Dichloromethane: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called 1,2-Dichloromethane. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Acetaminophen: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of analgesic called acetaminophen (Tylenol). Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Aminoglycosides: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by aminoglycoside antibiotics. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Aminosalicylic Acid: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of antibiotic called aminosalicylic acid. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Amphotericin B: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by an antibiotic called amphotericin B. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Amyl Alcohol: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to amyl alcohol. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Anti-cancer drugs: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to anti-cancer drugs such as cyclosporine and cisplatin. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Aristolochic acid: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to aristolochic acid. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Arsenic: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to arsenic. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Aspirin: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of analgesic called Aspirin. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Automobile exhaust: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to Automobile exhaust. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Bacitracin: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of antibiotic called bacitracin. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Bismuth: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to bismuth. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Cadmium: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to cadmium. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Carbon Tetrachloride: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to Carbon tetrachloride. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Cephaloridine: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of antibiotic called Cephaloridine. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Chloroform: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called chloroform. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Chlortetracycline: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of antibiotic called Chlorotetracycline. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Chromium: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to chromium. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Cisplatin: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to an anti-cancer drug called Cisplatin. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Contrast agents: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a contrast agent called sodium iodide used in some diagnostic tests. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Copper: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to copper. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Cyclophosphamide: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to an anti-cancer drug called Cyclophosphamide. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Cyclosporin: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to an anti-cancer drug called cyclosporine. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Degreasing solvents: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to degreasing solvents. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Dichloroacetylene: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called Dichloroacetylene. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Diethylene glycol: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called Diethylene glycol. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Dioxane: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called Dioxane. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Ethylene Glycol: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to ethylene glycol. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Ethylene glycol ethers: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to Ethylene glycol ethers. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Fuels: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to fuel. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Gasoline: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to gasoline. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Germanium: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to germanium. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Glue solvent vapors: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to glue solvent vapors. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Glues: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to glues. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Gold: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to gold. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Hairdressing solvents: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to hairdressing solvents. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Hairdressing sprays: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to hairdressing sprays. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Heavy metals: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to heavy metals. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Herbicide: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to herbicides. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Hexachloro-1,3-butadiene: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called Hexachloro-1,3-butadiene. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Hydrocarbons: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to hydrocarbons such as chloroform and styrene. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Ibuprofen: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of analgesic called Ibuprofen. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Lead: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to lead. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Lithium: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to lithium. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Mercury: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to mercury. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Methanol: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to methanol. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Methemoglobin-producing agents: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to methemoglobin-producing agents. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Methicillin: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of antibiotic called methicillin. Kidney damage usually occurs as a result of an allergic reaction to the antibiotic. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Neomycin: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of antibiotic called Neomycin. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of analgesic called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Oxytetracycline: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of antibiotic called Oxytetracycline. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Paint solvents: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to paint solvents. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Paint thinners: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to paint thinners. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Paints: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to paints. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Paraquat ochratoxin A: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to paraquat ochratoxin A. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Perchloroethylene: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called Perchloroethylene. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Pesticide solvents: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to pesticide solvents. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Pesticides: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to pesticides. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Platinum: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to platinum. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Polymyxin: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of antibiotic called polymyxin. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of analgesic called prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Rifampin: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of antibiotic called rifampin. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Silica: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to silica. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Silicon compounds: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to silicon compounds. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Silver: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to silver. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Solvents: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to solvents. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Styrene: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called styrene. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Sulphonamides: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by sulphonamide antibiotics. The kidney damage usually occurs as a result of an allergic reaction to the antibiotic. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Thallium: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to thallium. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Toluene: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called toluene. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Trichloroethane: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called Trichloroethane. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Trichloroethylene: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to a hydrocarbon called trichloroethylene. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Trimethropin: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by a type of antibiotic called trimethropin. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- Uranium: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by exposure to Uranium. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- analgesics: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by analgesics such as acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage -- antibiotics: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by antibiotics. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the toxicity. Kidney problems usually only occur with chronic use of the drug. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms.
  • Kidney damage due to chemicals: Damage or injury to kidneys caused by substances such as chemicals and medicines. Often other organs and tissues are also affected but only the kidney toxicity symptoms are listed below. Symptoms vary depending on the degree of exposure and hence extent of the kidney damage or injury. Mild kidney damage may cause few if any symptoms whereas severe damage can ultimately result in kidney failure. Symptoms may be acute, subacute or chronic depending on the severity of the exposure. Factors such as age, dehydration and underlying kidney problems may also influence a person's risk of developing kidney problems and the severity of the symptoms. Occupational kidney damage is considered relatively uncommon due to current safe industrial practices.
  • Kidney failure: Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste
  • Leptospirosis: Bacterial infection usually caught from animal urine.
  • Malignant hypertension: Malignant hypertension is a condition characterized by very high blood pressure and swelling of the optic nerve. This type of hypertension is more common in people with kidney problems such as narrowed kidney blood vessels. The condition is a medical emergency which can cause organ damage if not treated promptly.
  • Marseilles fever: An infectious disease that is caused by Rickettsia conorii which is transmitted by the brown dog tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus). The disease occurs predominantly in Mediterranean areas such as India and Africa. The onset of symptoms is usually sudden and the incubation period is usually between 6 and 10 days.
  • McArdle disease: A rare inherited glycogen storage disorder involving a deficiency of muscle phosphorylase needted to convert glycogen to glucose in the muscles.
  • Mediterranean Spotted Fever: A condition caused by Rickettsia rickettsia transmitted by the tick
  • Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis: A rare kidney disorder characterized by impaired kidney function due to inflammation and changes to the cells that make up the kidneys which affects it's ability to function as a filtering organ.
  • Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, X-linked: A kidney disorder inherited in a X-linked manner which means that only males are symptomatic but females may be carriers.
  • Mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis type 1: A rare kidney disorder characterized by impaired kidney function due to autoimmune processes that cause inflammation and changes to the cells that make up the kidneys.
  • Mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis type III: A rare kidney disorder characterized by impaired kidney function due to changes to the cells that make up the kidneys which affect it's ability to filter blood.
  • Metabolic Acidosis: Metabolic acidosis is a process which if unchecked leads to acidemia (i.e. blood pH is low (less than 7.35) due to increased production of H+ by the body or the inability of the body to form bicarbonate (HCO3-) in the kidney.
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Pericarditis: Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
  • Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis: Kidney complication (glomerulonephritis) following streptococcal infection
  • Proteinuria: Protein in the urine
  • Reduced urine: Reduced volume or strength of urine output
  • Renal Artery Stenosis: An abnormal narrowing of the renal artery which is the main artery the supplies the kidney.
  • Rhabdomyolysis: Skeletal muscle injury or death, which releases muscle fibres into the blood.
  • Septic shock: serious medical condition caused by decreased tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery as a result of infection and sepsis, though the microbe may be systemic or localized to a particular site
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome: A very rare, potentially fatal infection caused by the bacterial toxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pyogenes. The condition is often associated with tampon use but can originate from other sources.
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, acquired: A rare blood condition where small blood clots form in blood vessels which reduces the number of blood platelets and results in kidney failure, neurological symptoms and anemia. The condition may be familial or acquired - symptoms tend to recur regularly in the familial form.
  • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, congenital: A rare blood condition where small blood clots form in blood vessels which reduces the number of blood platelets and results in kidney failure, neurological symptoms and anemia.
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome: Severe immune reaction causing shock
  • Tumor lysis syndrome: Metabolic abnormalities that can occur when chemotherapy drugs rapidly destroy tumor cells.
  • Type V Glycogen Storage Disease: A condition which is characterized by a disease affecting glycogen storage
  • Unconsciousness: Loss of consciousness that may result from a wide variety of causes. An unconscious person is usually completely unresponsive to their environment or people around them. Unconsciousness can occur as a result of brain injury, lack of oxygen or poisoning as well as numerous other conditions.
  • Uremia: Excessive urea and waste products in the blood
  • Urinary tract infections: Infection of the urinary system; usually bacterial.
  • Weight Gain: An increase in weight for any reason.
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.
  • Zinc overdose: Excess consumption of zinc resulting in toxicity to the body.

 

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