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Acute Renal Failure

Acute Renal Failure: Introduction

Acute Renal Failure: Acute renal failure (ARF) is the sudden onset of kidney failure. This can be caused by an accident that injures the kidneys, loss of a ... more about Acute Renal Failure.

Acute Renal Failure: Syndrome characterised by rapid decline in kidney function with accumulation of waste products in the blood, occurring over a period of days to weeks. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Acute Renal Failure is available below.

Symptoms of Acute Renal Failure

Treatments for Acute Renal Failure

  • Treat underlying cause of renal failure eg antibiotics for sepsis or kidney infection, removal of urinary tract obstruction
  • Fluid replacement if hypovolemic - IV fluids, blood or plasma transfusion
  • Sodium bicarbonate IV if patient has metabolic acidosis
  • Correct high potassium (hyperkalemia) - IV calcium gluconate, insulin
  • Give oxygen
  • more treatments...»

Home Diagnostic Testing

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Wrongly Diagnosed with Acute Renal Failure?

Acute Renal Failure: Related Patient Stories

Acute Renal Failure: Deaths

Read more about Deaths and Acute Renal Failure.

Acute Renal Failure: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to Acute Renal Failure:

  • Pulmonary oedema, high potassium levels in blood (hyperkalemia), cardiac arrythmias, encephalopathy, pericarditis
  • more complications...»

Causes of Acute Renal Failure

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More information about causes of Acute Renal Failure:

Acute Renal Failure: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Acute Renal Failure

Chronic digestive conditions often misdiagnosed: When diagnosing chronic symptoms of the digestive tract, there are a variety of conditions that...read more »

Intestinal bacteria disorder may be hidden cause: One of the lesser known causes of diarrhea is an imbalance of bacterial in the gut, sometimes called intestinal imbalance. The digestive...read more »

Antibiotics often causes diarrhea: The use of antibiotics are very likely to cause some level of diarrhea in patients. The reason is that antibiotics...read more »

Food poisoning may actually be an infectious disease: Many people who come down with "stomach symptoms" like diarrhea assume that it's "something I ate" (i.e. food poisoning). In...read more »

Mesenteric adenitis misdiagnosed as appendicitis in children: Because appendicitis is one of the more feared conditions for a child with abdominal pain, it can be over-diagnosed (it can, of course,...read more »

Interstitial cystitis an under-diagnosed bladder condition: The medical condition of interstitial cystitic is a bladder condition that can be misdiagnosed as various...read more »

Celiac disease often fails to be diagnosed cause of chronic digestive symptoms: One of the most common chronic digestive conditions is celiac disease, a malabsorption...read more »

Chronic digestive diseases hard to diagnose: There is an inherent difficulty in diagnosing the various types of chronic digestive diseases. Some of the...read more »

Acute Renal Failure: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Hospitals & Clinics: Acute Renal Failure

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Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Acute Renal Failure, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Acute Renal Failure: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Evidence Based Medicine Research for Acute Renal Failure

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Click here to find more evidence-based articles on the TRIP Database

Acute Renal Failure: Animations

Research about Acute Renal Failure

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Acute Renal Failure: Broader Related Topics

Acute Renal Failure Message Boards

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User Interactive Forums

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Article Excerpts about Acute Renal Failure

Acute renal failure (ARF) is the sudden onset of kidney failure. This can be caused by an accident that injures the kidneys, loss of a lot of blood, or some drugs or poisons. ARF may lead to permanent loss of kidney function. But if the kidneys are not seriously damaged, they may recover. (Source: excerpt from Your Urinary System and How It Works: NIDDK)

Definitions of Acute Renal Failure:

A clinical syndrome characterized by a sudden decrease in glomerular filtration rate, often to values of less than 1 to 2 ml per minute. It is usually associated with oliguria (urine volumes of less than 400 ml per day) and is always associated with biochemical consequences of the reduction in glomerular filtration rate such as a rise in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine concentrations. - (Source - Diseases Database)

Renal failure associated with burns or other trauma or with acute infection or obstruction of the urinary tract - (Source - WordNet 2.1)

 

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