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Acute rheumatic fever

Acute rheumatic fever: Introduction

Acute rheumatic fever: Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a complication of a strep throat caused by particular strains of GAS. Although common in developing ... more about Acute rheumatic fever.

Acute rheumatic fever: Bacterial joint infection with risk of heart complications. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Acute rheumatic fever is available below.

Symptoms of Acute rheumatic fever

Treatments for Acute rheumatic fever

Home Diagnostic Testing

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Wrongly Diagnosed with Acute rheumatic fever?

Acute rheumatic fever: Related Patient Stories

Acute rheumatic fever: Deaths

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Acute rheumatic fever: Complications

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Causes of Acute rheumatic fever

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Disease Topics Related To Acute rheumatic fever

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Acute rheumatic fever: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Acute rheumatic fever

Heart attacks can be undiagnosed: Although the most severe symptoms of heart attack are hard to miss, there are varying degrees of severity. It is altogether too common for people to die from undiagnosed...read more »

Heart attacks can be overdiagnosed: Although many people die from heart attacks, there are also many cases where people fear that they have a heart attack, but actually have something milder. Some of the...read more »

Rare heart condition often undiagnosed: The rare heart condition called long QT syndrome can lead to episodes of palpitations and rapid heartbeat. In rare...read more »

Antibiotics often causes diarrhea: The use of antibiotics are very likely to cause some level of diarrhea in patients. The reason is that antibiotics kill off not only "bad" bacteria, but can also kill the "good" bacteria...read more »

Heart attack can be over-diagnosed: Although heart attack is often undiagnosed, leading to fatality, it can also be over-diagnosed. People become...read more »

Sinusitis is overdiagnosed: There is a tendency to give a diagnosis of sinusitis, when the condition is really a harmless complication of another infection, such as a common cold....read more »

Whooping cough often undiagnosed: Although most children in the Western world have been immunized against whooping cough (also called "pertussis"), this protection wears off after about 15 years. Thus, any teen...read more »

Blood pressure cuffs misdiagnose hypertension in children: One known misdiagnosis issue with hyperension, arises in relation to the simple...read more »

Hypertension misdiagnosis common in children: Hypertension is often misdiagnosed in adults (see misdiagnosis of hypertension), but its misdiagnosis is even more likely in children. Some of the symptoms of...read more »

Acute rheumatic fever: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Hospitals & Clinics: Acute rheumatic fever

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Acute rheumatic fever: Rare Types

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Evidence Based Medicine Research for Acute rheumatic fever

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Acute rheumatic fever: Animations

Prognosis for Acute rheumatic fever

Research about Acute rheumatic fever

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Statistics for Acute rheumatic fever

Acute rheumatic fever: Broader Related Topics

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Article Excerpts about Acute rheumatic fever

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is a complication of a strep throat caused by particular strains of GAS. Although common in developing countries, ARF is rare in the United States, with small isolated outbreaks reported only occasionally. It is most common among children between 5-15 years of age. A family history of ARF may predispose an individual to the disease. Symptoms typically occur 18 days after an untreated strep throat. An acute attack lasts approximately 3 months. The most common clinical finding is a migratory arthritis involving multiple joints. The most serious complication is carditis, or heart inflammation (rheumatic heart disease), as this may lead to chronic heart disease and disability or death years after an attack. Less common findings include bumps or nodules under the skin (usually over the spine or other bony areas) and a red expanding rash on the trunk and extremities that recurs over weeks to months. Because of the different ways ARF presents itself, the disease may be difficult to diagnose. A neurological disorder, chorea, can occur months after an initial attack, causing jerky involuntary movements, muscle weakness, slurred speech, and personality changes. Initial episodes of ARF as well as recurrences can be prevented by treatment with appropriate antibiotics. (Source: excerpt from Group A Streptococcal Infections, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

Definitions of Acute rheumatic fever:

A clinical syndrome characterized by a sudden decrease in glomerular filtration rate, often to values of less than 1 to 2 ml per minute. It is usually associated with oliguria (urine volumes of less than 400 ml per day) and is always associated with biochemical consequences of the reduction in glomerular filtration rate such as a rise in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine concentrations. - (Source - Diseases Database)

Acute rheumatic fever is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Acute rheumatic fever, or a subtype of Acute rheumatic fever, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

 

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