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Diseases » ADD » Treatments
 

Treatments for ADD

Treatment List for ADD

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for ADD includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • General lifestyle changes
    • Stress reduction techniques
    • Diet changes - aimed at treating possible underlying food allergy causes, although this is considered of dubious value by some health professionals.
  • Medications
    • Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
    • Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®)
    • Pemoline (Cylert)
    • Clonidine - mainly used for combined ADHD and Tourette's syndrome.
    • Antidepressants - if there is any anxiety or depression associated with the ADD; or as a second-line treatment for ADD when stimulants fail.
  • Supportive treatments
  • Current data suggests that carefully titrated stimulant medication (Methylphenidate, Dextroamphetamine) provides the best first-line therapy for ADHD. Behavioural therapy is useful in conjunction with medication to address issues such as social skills and academic performance. Treatments include:
    • General lifestyle changes
    • Stress reduction techniques
    • Dietary changes - aimed at reducing food additives, colourings and sugars. Some anecdotal evidence supports this, but to date, no trials have produced supporting evidence
    • Medications
    • Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
    • Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®, Dextrostat®, Adderall®)
    • Pemoline (Cylert) - rarely used due to rare but potential hepatotoxicity
    • Atomexitine (Strattera) - second line agent, classed as non-stimulant
    • Modafinil (Provigil) - currently used as a third or fourth line agent
    • Clonidine - mainly used for combined ADHD and Tourette's syndrome
    • Antidepressants - if there is any anxiety or depression associated with the ADD; or as a second-line treatment for ADD when stimulants fail
    • Supportive treatments
    • Structured classroom management
    • Parent education methods
    • Teacher education methods
    • Tutoring supplementation
    • Behavioral therapy
    • Psychotherapy
    • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
    • Social skills training methods
    • Support groups

ADD: Is the Diagnosis Correct?

The first step in getting correct treatment is to get a correct diagnosis. Differential diagnosis list for ADD may include:

  • Normal child behavior - not every active child is hyperactive; not every shy child is inattentive; not every dreamy child is inattentive. Babies begin life with a very short attention span and children are still easily distracted until they are older.
  • Giftedness (High intelligence) - gifted children may become bored and restless in class similar to ADHD.
  • Normal behavior - sometimes children act hyperactive or inattentive without any disease.
  • Bipolar disorder - hyperactivity could be from the mania from bipolar disorder.
  • more diagnoses...»

ADD: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research all specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.

Hospitals & Medical Clinics: ADD

Research quality ratings and patient incidents/safety measures for hospitals and medical facilities in specialties related to ADD:

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Choosing the Best Treatment Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to ADD, on hospital and medical facility performance and surgical care quality:

Medical news summaries about treatments for ADD:

The following medical news items are relevant to treatment of ADD:

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