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Diseases » ADHD » Glossary
 

Glossary for ADHD

  • ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. The related description Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be a more modern description of the disease.

    Misdiagnosis of ADD is a well-known controversy in the sense that cases of hyperactivity in children may be over-diagnosed. There is a tendency for parents to seek and doctors to prescribe the drug Ritalin even in cases where the diagnosis of ADD or ADHD may be incorrect. Alternative diagnoses include normal child behavior (i.e. just an active child), food intolerances, or other behavioral disorders (see misdiagnosis of ADD).

    On the other hand, ADD is under-diagnosed in adults, with a large number of adults having ADD without knowing it; see misdiagnosis of Adult ADD.

  • Adolescent conditions: Symptoms that are evident due to puberty
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension, and fear without apparent stimulus that is associated sometime with somatic responses
  • Anxiety disorders: Anxiety disorders are persistent and excessive feelings of fear, worry or uneasiness that are significant enough to have an impact on day-to-day life. Excessive anxiety can have repercussions on physical and mental health. There are a number of different subtypes of anxiety disorders such as General anxiety, Social anxiety, Phobias, Hypochondria and Obsessive compulsive disorder.
  • Asperger syndrome: A neuropsychiatric disorder mainly involving the inability to understand and becoming involved in social interaction.
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Behavioral disorder with hyperactivity and/or inattention.
  • Auditory Processing Disorder: Failure of the brain to correctly process sound.
  • Autism: Childhood mental condition with social and communication difficulties.
  • Bipolar disorder: Cycles of mania and depression; commonly called "manic-depression".
  • Bipolar disorder/cyclothymic disorder/hypomania:
  • Chemical addiction: Addiction to and abuse of various substances.
  • Child abuse: Physical, sexual, emotional abuse or neglect of child.
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Combined ADHD: Combined ADHD are those individuals with ADHD who have both inattentive and hyperactive, impulsive behaviors. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, is one of the most common mental disorders that develop in children. Children with ADHD have impaired functioning in multiple settings, including home, school, and in relationships with peers. If untreated, the disorder can have long-term adverse effects into adolescence and adulthood.
  • Conduct Disorder: Behavioral disorder with antisocial behaviors
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Depressive disorders: Depression or its various related conditions.
  • Dextroamphetamine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dextroamphetamine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Dysgraphia: Difficulty with writing.
  • Dyslexia: Dyslexia is a name for a condition where people have difficulty with reading and writing. People with dyslexia have normal intelligence and are not in any way mentally retarded or intellectually challenged. The difficulty with certain tasks is believed to be related to problems with perception capability in certain parts of the brain. Researchers have discovered that there are a number of genes linked to an increased susceptibility to dyslexia.
  • Emotional disorders: A disorder of emotions
  • Emotional symptoms: Symptoms affecting the emotions.
  • Epilepsy: Brain condition causing seizures or spasms.
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome: A pattern of mental and physical birth defects caused by excessive alcohol use during pregnancy. The range and severity of the symptoms may vary greatly.
  • Food Additive Adverse reaction -- citric acid intolerance: An intolerance to citric acid is an adverse reaction (not an immune response) by the body to citric acid or foods containing citric acid. Citric acid can be found naturally in foods but is also frequently used as an additive to various foods. The adverse reaction results from the body's inability to metabolize the food. The amount of citric acid required to trigger the onset of symptoms and the nature and severity of symptoms may vary considerably between patients.
  • Food allergies: Immune over-reaction to an eaten food.
  • Head injury: An injury to the head
  • Hearing Impairment: Reduced ability to hear sounds.
  • Hyperactive-impulsive ADHD: A condition in which a person (usually a child) has an unusually high activity level and a short attention span. People with the disorder may act impulsively and may have learning and behavioral problems.
  • Hyperactivity: Excessive action and lack of control.
  • Hyperactivity conditions: Medical conditions causing or characterized by hyperactivity.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Impulsivity: Lack of impulse control.
  • Inattention: Lack of attention or reduced attention span.
  • Inattentive ADHD: ADHD predominantly inattentive (ADHD-I) is one of the three subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD-I is different from the other subtypes of ADHD in that it is characterized primarily by inattention, easy distractibility, disorganization, procrastination, forgetfulness, and lethargy (fatigue), but with less or none of the symptoms of hyperactivity or impulsiveness typical of the other ADHD subtypes.
  • Irritability: Excessive feelings of annoyance or frustration.
  • Lead poisoning: A type of heavy metal poisoning caused by excessive exposure to lead.
  • Learning disabilities: Various developmental problems impairing learning or schooling.
  • Lyme disease: Lyme disease is an emerging infectious disease caused by at least three species of bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia.
  • Mental health conditions: Medical conditions related to mental health, emotions, behavior, personality, psychology, psychiatry, and so on.
  • Mental retardation -- dysmorphism -- hypogonadism -- diabetes: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism, diabetes and facial and skull abnormalities.
  • Methylphenidate -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Methylphenidate during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Middle ear infection: Infection of middle ear also called otitis media.
  • Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Mild brain injury caused by trauma, accident or injury
  • Mood disorders: Disorders that affect a persons mood
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Behavioral disorder with obsessive thoughts and compulsive acts.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is characterized by episodic upper airway obstruction that occurs during sleep.
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder: A behavioral problem that occurs in children and involves persistent disobedience, defiance and hostility towards authority figures. The behavioral problem is greater than the normal pattern of child misbehaviors. The severity of the problem affects the child's ability to perform satisfactorily in home, school and community environments.
  • Over-diagnosed conditions: Any condition that is diagnosed to excess even though the patient may not have the condition
  • Residual ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, is one of the most common mental disorders that develop in children. Children with ADHD have impaired functioning in multiple settings, including home, school, and in relationships with peers. If untreated, the disorder can have long-term adverse effects into adolescence and adulthood.
  • Restless Legs Syndrome: A neurological disorder where legs develop and crawling, aching skin sensation which is relived by moving the legs.
  • School problems: Difficulty with learning or schooling as a symptom.
  • Self-esteem symptoms: Poor self image or self-esteem.
  • Sleep disorders: Any disorder that affects ones sleep
  • Temporal lobe epilepsy: A condition which is characterized by complex partial seizures
  • Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder involving vocal and movement tics where where uncontrollable movements or verbal utterances are made.
  • Vision Impairment: A condition that affects ones vision

 

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