- Adult ADHD
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Adult ADHD, (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a common neurobehavioral developmental disorder with an onset in childhood that continues into adulthood. Children do not simply grow out of ADHD, as is often believed. Just the opposite is commonly true - the symptoms of ADHD often get worse as a child grows into adulthood, especially if they have not been treated. The predominant behaviors of adult ADHD are the same as in children and include inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. These behaviors result in difficulties with an adult's executive functioning, such the abilities to prioritize, organize, focus, and problems with short-term memory, self control and emotion regulation. Complications of adult ADHD can include difficulties with jobs and relationships. On the other hand, people with ADHD can be very creative, intelligent, adaptable, and excel in some areas. For more information about symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of adult ADHD. The cause or causes of adult ADHD are not yet known, although researchers believe that genes may be one factor in the development of the disease. It is most likely that the disorder is the result of a combination of elements, including environmental factors, traumatic head injuries, nutrition, and social influences. Making a diagnosis of adult ADHD begins with taking a thorough medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination and mental health evaluation. There is no single test for adult ADHD. Only a full assessment by a health care professional, usually a team that includes primary care and mental health professionals, can truly diagnose or rule out adult ADHD. A complete evaluation includes testing and assessing for other medical causes that might be affecting an adult's behavior, such as diabetes, anxiety, and petit mal seizures. It is not uncommon for adults with ADHD to have struggled most of their lives with the disorder without a diagnosis. It is possible that a diagnosis of adult ADHD can be missed or delayed because symptoms can be similar to symptoms of other disease and conditions. For more information on misdiagnosis and diseases, disorders, and conditions that can mimic adult ADHD, refer to misdiagnosis of adult ADHD. The symptoms of adult ADHD can be treated, but there currently is no cure for the disorder. Most people with ADHD can be successfully treated so that they can lead normal, productive, even exceptional lives at home, work, school and with friends and family. Treatment may include a combination of medication and a variety of forms of psychotherapy. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of adult ADHD. ...more »
Adult ADHD: Adult ADHD, (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a common neurobehavioral developmental disorder with an onset in childhood that continues into adulthood. Children do not simply grow out of ADHD, as is often believed. Just the opposite is commonly true - the symptoms of ADHD often get worse as a child grows into adulthood. The predominant behaviors of adult ADHD are the same as in children and include:
These behaviors result in difficulties with:
The symptoms of adult ADHD can be treated, but there currently is no cure for the disorder. Most people with ADHD can be successfully treated and lead normal, productive lives at home, work, school and with friends and family. The cause or causes of ADHD are not yet known, although researchers believe that genes may be one factor in the development of the disease. It is most likely that the disorder is the result of a combination of elements, including environmental factors, traumatic head injuries, nutrition, and social influences. ...more »
A diagnosis of adult ADHD is based partly on symptoms, which typically change somewhat as childhood ADHD develops into adult ADHD. Often the symptoms of hyperactivity become less prominent while problems with concentration and organization increase.
Treatment plans for adult ADHD are multifaceted and can include medications. The first line of medication treatment for adult ADHD is prescribed stimulants, which actually work in reverse in people with ADHD and produce a calming effect in them.
The two stimulants most commonly used are methylphenidate and amphetamines. Currently, stimulants are not approved by the Food and Drug ...more treatments »
It is common for a diagnosis of adult ADHD to be delayed or missed because symptoms can be similar to other diseases, disorders and conditions. They include petit mal seizures, in which a person appears to daydream excessively, blank out, or is "spaced out". Symptoms can also mimic symptoms of diabetes, learning disabilities, and diseases and conditions that affect ...more misdiagnosis »
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Medical research articles related to Adult ADHD include:
Prognosis for Adult ADHD: ADD/ADHD is a lifelong disorder but may improve with treatment. Although it may be damaging to mental/social health, it is not fatal nor degenerative.
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