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Diseases » Aicardi syndrome » Glossary

Glossary for Aicardi syndrome

  • Agenesis of the corpus callosum: Congenital absence of connective part of the brain.
  • Autoimmune diseases: A group of disorders in which the primary cause is the an inflammatory reaction caused by the body's own immune system attacking tissues
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Cleft palate: Birth defect of lip and mouth.
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Corpus callosum agenesis: A very rare congenital abnormality where part or all of the fibers that connect the two halves of the brain (corpus callosum) are missing.
  • Degenerative conditions: Diseases characterized by a progressive and degenerative decline.
  • Epilepsy: Brain condition causing seizures or spasms.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Hemivertebrae: Hemivertebrae are abnormally wedge shaped vertebrae that are present at birth.
  • Immune disorders: Disorders that affect the immune system
  • Infantile spasms: Seizure condition in infants.
  • Mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism, diabetes and facial and skull abnormalities.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Partial agenesis of corpus callosum: A rare birth defect where part of the corpus callosum is absent. The corpus callosum is the area that connects the two main halves of the brain (cerebral hemispheres). Severity of symptoms is determined by how much of the structure is missing. Mild cases tend to involve headaches, seizures and speech problems which don't appear for years.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Retina symptoms: Symptoms affecting the retina in the back of the eye
  • Rib abnormalities: Rib abnormalities is a condition in which there is malformation, deformity or abnormal condition of a rib.
  • Scoliosis: Sideways curvature of the spine
  • Small head: The occurrence of a head which is smaller than normal


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