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Diseases » Alkalosis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Alkalosis

  • Acid-Base Imbalance: A disruption to the normal acid-base equilibrium in the body. There are four main groups of disorder involving an acid-base imbalance: respiratory acidosis or alkalosis and metabolic acidosis or alkalosis. Obviously the severity of symptoms is determined by the degree of imbalance.
  • Acute liver failure: Rapid deterioration of the liver that is caused by severe damage to the liver. Acute liver failure may be caused by such things as paracetamol overdose, excess alcohol consumption, viral hepatitis, Reye syndrome or acute fatty liver of pregnancy.
  • Adrenal gland symptoms: Symptoms affecting the adrenal glands
  • Anoxia: Lack of oxygen to the body's tissues.
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency: A rare genetic condition involving deficiency of 17-alpha-hydroxylase which impairs androgen production by the testes and estrogen production by the ovaries. This results in lack of development of secondary sexual characteristics and hypertension as well as other anomalies.
  • Congenital chloride diarrhea: A rare birth disorder where the intestines don't absorb electrolytes properly (especially chloride) which leads to electrolyte imbalance which is potentially fatal if untreated. Symptoms often start while the infant is still inside the womb.
  • Conn's adenoma: An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition may result from the presence of an adrenal adenoma. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients simply suffering high blood pressure and no other symptoms. Due to the high degree of variation in presenting symptoms, the condition may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
  • Conn's syndrome: An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition may result from the presence of an adenoma, carcinoma or enlargement of the adrenal gland or glands. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients simply suffering high blood pressure and no other symptoms. Due to the high degree of variation in presenting symptoms, the condition may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
  • Conn-Louis Carcinoma: An uncommon (but possible highly underdiagnosed) condition characterized by the excessive production of a hormone called aldosterone by the adrenal gland. The condition results from the presence of an adrenal carcinoma. The severity of the condition is variable with some patients simply suffering high blood pressure and no other symptoms. Due to the high degree of variation in presenting symptoms, the condition may be frequently underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Diarrhea: Loose or watery stool.
  • Hyperventilation: Excessively rapid breathing causing blood gas imbalances
  • Hypotension: Blood pressure that is too low
  • Interstitial lung disease: Any condition which affects the interstitium of the lungs
  • Irritability: Excessive feelings of annoyance or frustration.
  • Liver failure: Acute liver failure (ALF) is an uncommon condition in which the rapid deterioration of liver function results in coagulopathy and alteration in the mental status of a previously healthy individual.
  • Mountain sickness: Illness from poor adjustment to low oxygen at altitude.
  • Muscle cramps: A condition which is characterized by the uncontrolled contractions of muscles
  • Muscle spasms: Involuntary movement or contraction of muscles without full control
  • Muscle twitch: Small muscle spasms
  • Muscle weakness: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the muscles to function at their full strenght
  • Pneumococcal pneumonia: Lung pneumnoia from streptococcus bacteria.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Primary Aldosteronism: Primary aldosteronism is a condition which the body's adrenal glands produce too much of the hormone aldosterone, causing retention sodium and loss of potassium.
  • Pulmonary edema: Severe condition of excess fluid in the lungs.
  • Pulmonary embolism: Blocked lung blood vessel often from a blood clot.
  • Pulmonary fibrosis: A scarring condition that affects the lungs
  • Pyloric stenosis: Narrowed opening between stomach and intestines
  • Reduced urine: Reduced volume or strength of urine output
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Severe asthma:
  • Systemic disorders: Any condition that occurs in a system of the body
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.

 

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