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Diseases » Amyloidosis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Amyloidosis

  • Acromegaly: A hormonal disorder involving excess growth hormone production by the pituitary gland.
  • Angiofollicular lymph hyperplasia: A rare disorder of the lymph system characterized by the development of benign tumors in lymph tissue anywhere in the body.
  • Autoimmune diseases: A group of disorders in which the primary cause is the an inflammatory reaction caused by the body's own immune system attacking tissues
  • Autonomic neuropathy: A disorder of the nervous system concerned with regulation of activity of cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, and glands, usually restricted to the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Hand or wrist problems; often from repetitive motion.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
  • Diabetic Gastroparesis: Gastroparesis is a diabetic complication that occurs from neuropathy of the stomach nerve (called the "vagus nerve"). This causes digestive difficulties as the food starts to move too slowly through the stomach.
  • Dialysis-related amyloidosis: Amyloidosis (protein deposits) from kidney dialysis treatment.
  • Familial Mediterranean fever: A rare inherited condition characterized by recurrent fever and inflammation. The inflammation usually involves the stomach, lungs or joints.
  • Heart complications: Any complication that relates to the heart
  • Heart symptoms: Symptoms affecting the heart
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • Hereditary Hemochromatosis: A genetic disorder where too much iron is absorbed from food and it is stored in various parts of the body which can cause damage. There are 4 types of hemochromatosis and they are distinguished by age of onset, genetic cause and type of inheritance. Some sufferers may be asymptomatic.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
  • Kidney Cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the kidneys
  • Kidney symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both kidneys.
  • Leprosy: A chronic, progressive infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae which causes skin sores and also affects the eyes, mucous membranes and peripheral nerves.
  • Liver symptoms: Symptoms affecting the liver
  • Lung symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both lungs.
  • Lymphoma: Cancer involving lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Macroglossia: Abnormally large tongue.
  • Malabsorption syndrome: is an alteration in the ability of the intestine to absorb nutrients adequately into the bloodstream
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Mononeuritis multiplex: A rare neurological condition where nerve damage occurs at more than one site. Nerve damage can result from conditions such as diabetes mellitus, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and blood vessel diseases.
  • Multiple Myeloma: A rare malignant cancer that occurs in the bone marrow. More common in skull, spine, rib cage, pelvis and legs.
  • Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium (muscle walls of the heart)
  • Myopathy: General name for any disease of the muscles.
  • Myxedema: Skin and tissue disorder usually due to hypothyroidism
  • Nephrotic syndrome: Various kidney glomeruli conditions
  • Parotid gland enlargement: Parotid gland enlargement refers to swelling or puffiness of the parotid gland.
  • Pericardial effusion: Occurs when there is an abnormal collection of fluid within the pericardial sac
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Primary amyloidosis: Protein deposits with no underly cause.
  • Proteinuria: Protein in the urine
  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis: This is a condition that is characterised by a metabolic acidosis state caused by impairment of a persons renal function
  • Pulmonary fibrosis: A scarring condition that affects the lungs
  • Purpura: Various bruising conditions where small blood vessels hemorrhage
  • Raynaud's phenomenon: Blood vessel constriction attacks affecting fingers and/or toes.
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy: A condition which is characterized by restriction to the function of the walls of the heart
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Autoimmune form of arthritis usually in teens or young adults.
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Scleroderma: A rare, progressive connective tissue disorder involving thickening and hardening of the skin and connective tissue. There are a number of forms of scleroderma with some forms being systemic (involving internal organs).
  • Scleroderma, systemic: A rare autoimmune connective tissue disease where the body attacks parts of the body and causes scarring and thickness of the tissue. In the systemic form, the skin and organs are involved.
  • Sialadenitis: Salivary gland inflammation due to obstruction of the salivary gland or a duct.
  • Spleen symptoms: Symptoms affecting the spleen
  • Systemic disorders: Any condition that occurs in a system of the body
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Tumoral calcinosis: A rare disorder characterized by calcified nodules in soft tissue around joints. Abnormal mineral metabolism results in calcium being deposited in the soft tissue. The nodules may become progressively larger and can cause pain.
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.

 

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