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Diseases » Anal itching » Glossary
 

Glossary for Anal itching

  • Achlorhydria: A deficiency of hydrochloric acid in the digestive juices in the stomach. The resulting high pH prevents normal food digestion. The abnormality may be caused by such things as pernicious anemia, autoimmune thyroid disease and chronic gastritis.
  • Allergic reaction: An acute reaction through exposure to a particular allergen
  • Anal Cancer: Cancer (malignant) that develops in the tissues of the anus.
  • Anal conditions: Conditions that affect the anus
  • Anal fissure: Tear in the anal region.
  • Anal itching: Itching of the anal area
  • Anal lump: Lump in the anal area as a symptom
  • Anal swelling: Swelling near or around the anus
  • Anal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the anus.
  • Anorectal disorders: Conditions that affect the anorectum
  • Blastocystis hominis: Common parasitic condition often causing digestive symptoms.
  • Candidiasis: Fungal infection of moist areas such as mouth or vagina
  • Cellulitis: Inflammation of skin or subcutaneous tissues.
  • Chlortetracycline -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Chlortetracycline (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Declomycin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Declomycin (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Dermatitis: General name for any type of skin inflammation.
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Diarrhea: Loose or watery stool.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Dipylidiasis: A parasitic intestinal infection caused by a tapeworm called Dipylidium caninum. The parasite commonly infects dogs and cats but can occur in humans. Transmission usually occurs through accidental ingestion of infected cat or dog fleas. Children are more likely to become infected and are also more likely to have symptoms.
  • Dipylidium: The dog tapeworm
  • Dipylidium caninum infection: A tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum) infection. Transmission can occur when infected animal fleas are accidentally ingested.
  • Eczema: Eczema is a chronic skin condition characterized by skin inflammation and irritation. The severity of extent of the condition is highly variable. It may be caused by allergies, irritants or other factors such as stress.
  • Epinephrine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Epinephrine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Fecal incontinence: Leaking or poorly controlled bowel motions
  • Fistula: The abnormal passage between two internal organs
  • Food intolerances: Any inability to tolerate particular foods.
  • Fungal infections: Any condition caused by fungus.
  • Genital herpes: Sexually transmitted infection of the genital region.
  • Genital warts: Genital warts often from a viral STD.
  • Gonorrhea: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Helminthiasis: Infection of the human body with a parasitic worm such as roundworms and pinworms. The worms usually only involve the intestinal tract but sometimes they may invade other organs. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the type of worm and the part of the body infected.
  • Hematochezia: is the passage of bright red, bloody stools from the rectum
  • Hemorrhoids: Swollen blood vessels around the anus.
  • Hygiene symptoms: Changes to personal hygiene habits.
  • Hymenolepiasis: A rare parasitic disease caused by a tapeworm called Hymenolepis nana or Hymenlepis dimunita. Infestation occurs through fecal contamination or by accidentally consuming insects that have eaten the parasitic eggs.
  • Intertrigo: Skin inflammation from rubbing together of two skin areas
  • Jaundice: Bile or liver problem causing yellowness.
  • Keflex -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Keflex (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Methacycline -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Methacycline during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Molluscum contagiosum: Common wart-causing virus.
  • Neurodermatitis: Lichen simplex chronicus refers to thickened itchy skin that results from persistently rubbing or scratching an area of skin.
  • Pelvic conditions: Any medical condition affecting the pelvic region.
  • Pinworm: Small, threadlike parasitic worms mainly in colon and rectum
  • Polyp: An growth or protrusion that extends from a mucous membrane
  • Proctitis: A chronic inflammatory disease of the rectum which causes bloody diarrhea.
  • Pruritus ani: common condition which causes itching and irritation around the anus
  • Psoriasis: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition where the defective immune system causes skin cells to grow rapidly. It affects a significant number of people. Arthritis, which can be severe, is associated with the psoriasis in up to a third of cases. Not all patients who are susceptible to the condition will develop it - roughly 10% of those susceptible will actually develop the condition. There are various environmental factors which can trigger the onset of the disease e.g. strep throat (common trigger), some medication, stress and cold weather. Once the disease develops, it may resolve on its own or with treatment or may become a persistent chronic condition. The severity and duration of symptoms is variable.
  • Rectal abscess: Abscess in the rectal area
  • Rectal fistula:
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Various diseases spread by sexual contact.
  • Skin allergy: A skin allergy is an adverse response by the body's immune system to an allergen. The response may occur when the allergen comes into contact with the skin or when it is inhaled or ingested. A skin allergy manifests in skin symptoms such as hives and itchy skin. The severity of the response is variable.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Thrush: Thrush is a fungal infection which is caused by a fungus from the Candida species. It usually affects the mucus membranes of the mouth and vagina. Occasionally the infection can spread throughout the body and cause severe illness.
  • Toxocara canis: A form of nematode found in the dog
  • Toxocara cati: A form of nematode found in the cat
  • Vaginal discharge: Discharge from the vagina as a symptom
  • Worm conditions: Any condition that is caused by infestation of worms

 

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