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Diseases » Aplastic anemia » Glossary
 

Glossary for Aplastic anemia

  • ATRUS syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by fusion of the forearm bones near the elbow and a blood disorder.
  • Acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia: A rare blood disorder characterized by a deficiency of blood platelets required for normal blood clotting. Autoimmune processes can be a cause of the acquired form of this condition.
  • Amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia: A blood disorder involving a deficiency of blood platelets required for normal blood clotting. The disorder may be present at birth (congenital) or acquired (e.g. autoimmune disorders).
  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Benzthiazide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Benzthiazide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Bone Marrow Conditions: Medical conditions affecting the bone marrow
  • Chemical poisoning -- Carbon Tetrachloride: Carbon tetrachloride is a chemical used mainly in grain fumigants, insecticides and in the production of fluorocarbons. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The chemical is readily absorbed through the skin. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chlorpropamide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Chlorpropamide (an antidiabetic drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia: A rare birth disorder involving a deficiency of blood platelets required for normal blood clotting.
  • Congestive Heart Failure: Inadequate pumping and decline of heart function common in the elderly.
  • Dyskeratosis Congenita: A rare genetic disorder characterized by sking pigmentation abnormalities, nail dystrophy and mucous membrane changes.
  • Estren-Dameshek syndrome: A form of anemia inherited in a familial pattern. It is considered a variant of a condition called Fanconi's anemia.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Hemorrhage: Bleeding of any type (especially when referring to severe bleeding)
  • Hepatitis: Any type of liver inflammation or infection.
  • Herbal Agent overdose -- Autumn Crocus: Autumn crocus can be used as a herbal agent to treat gout and rheumatoid conditions. The herbal agent contains chemicals such as colchicine and the ingestion of excessive amounts of this can result in symptoms. Severe overdose can result in death and chronic ingestion can also cause harmful effects.
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes: A group of syndromes characterized by a disruption in the production of blood cells. Often the bone marrow increases production of various blood cells but because many of them are defective, they are destroyed before the reach the blood stream.
  • Myelpathic anemia: Myelopathic anemia is a form of anemia resulting from the development of abnormal tissue in the bone marrow - usually metastatic cancers. It is characterized by abnormal number of immature blood cells in the blood.
  • Neutropenia: Reduced number of granulocytes in the blood
  • Paleness: Whitening or pallor of the skin
  • Pancytopenia: A term used to describe a lack of all of the different types of blood cells - red and white blood cells and blood platelets. Cancer, infections and toxins are some of the causes of pancytopenia. Symptoms depend on the severity of the deficiency.
  • Progressive weakness: is a direct term for the inability to exert force with one's muscles to the degree that would be expected given the individual's general physical fitness
  • Refractory anaemia with ringed sideroblasts: Refractory anaemia with ringed sideroblasts is a subtype of myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Retinopathy -- anaemia- CNS anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by disease of the eye retinas, anemia and central nervous system anomalies.
  • Retinopathy -- anemia -- CNS anomalies:
  • Retinopathy -- aplastic anemia -- neurological abnormalities: A very rare syndrome characterized by retinal disease, aplastic anemia and neurological problems.
  • Revesz Syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by disease of the eye retinas, anemia and central nervous system anomalies.
  • Shortness of breath: The feeling of being short of breath
  • Shwachman syndrome: A rare disorder where a pancreatic defect impairs digestive enzyme production and malfunction of the bone marrow produces blood abnormalities, particularly blood cells involved with fighting infection. These defects produce a range of symptoms as a result of malabsorption and poor ability to fight infections. Characterized by a lack of digestive enzymes and low immunity due to low leukocyte level.
  • Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome:
  • Thrombocytopenia: Decreased platelets in the blood

 

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