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Diseases » Arachnoiditis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Arachnoiditis

  • Acanthamoeba: Several conditions from infection with ameba.
  • Actinomycosis: An infection that results from the bacteria sp. Actinomyces.
  • Angiostrongyliasis: Infection by a parasitic worm (Angiostrongylus). Infection can occur through eating contaminated raw animals such as snails, slugs, prawns or crabs which act as hosts to these parasites.
  • Behcet's Disease: Recurring inflammation of small blood vessels affecting various areas.
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Cholesteatoma: Uncommon middle ear condition
  • Cognitive impairment: General loss of mental or cognitive ability
  • Colorado tick fever: A tickborne condition caused by an arenavirus
  • Dizziness: Feelings of lightheadedness or giddiness.
  • Eastern equine encephalitis: Is a mosquito born virus that occurs in the eastern united states and causes disease in humans, horses and some birds
  • Encephalitis: Dangerous infection of the brain
  • Galactorrhoea-Hyperprolactinaemia: Increased blood prolactin levels associated with galactorrhea (abnormal milk secretion). It may be caused by such things as certain medications, pituitary disorders and thyroid disorders. The condition can occur in males as well as females.
  • Head infection: Infections which occur in the head.
  • Head injury: An injury to the head
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hyperventilation: Excessively rapid breathing causing blood gas imbalances
  • Japanese encephalitis: A form of encephalitis caused by a flavivirus (Japanese B encephalitis virus - JBEV) and transmitted by mosquito bites. Most cases are mild and asymptomatic but severe cases can lead to death.
  • Kawasaki disease: A childhood illness that generally affects the skin, mouth and lymph nodes.
  • Leg pain: Pain affecting the leg
  • Leptomeningitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the leptomeninges
  • Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis: Rodent-borne viral disease often causing meningitis or encephalitis
  • Measles: Once common viral infection now rare due to vaccination.
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Meningoencephalitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the brain and meninges
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Non-pathogenic inflammatory conditions: Medical disorders that cause inflammation, but are not due to any infectious pathogen.
  • Numbness: Loss of feeling or sensation
  • Opisthotonus: is a state of extreme hyperextension and spasticity of the head, neck and spinal column
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Paralysis symptoms: Loss of body control and/or feeling.
  • Photophobia: An exaggerated or irrational fear of light.
  • Pneumococcus: Bacteria causing ear infections, pneumococcal pneumonia, and pneumococcal meningitis.
  • Pontiac fever: Mild form of legionellosis usually in healthy people.
  • Rabies: An infectious disease that can affect any mammal including humans and is transmitted through the saliva of an infected animal. The infectious agent is the Neurotropic lyssavirus which affects the salivary gland and also causes neurological symptoms.
  • Secondary syphilis: A condition which is characterized by fever, multiform skin eruptions, iritis, alopecia, mucous patches and severe pain in the head and joints
  • Sensorineural hearing loss: Hearing loss due to abnormal functioning or damage to the hearing nerve or the cochlea (inner ear) or the part of the brain that processes sound. The hearing problem may be present at birth or may be acquired through such things as aging, excessive noise or diseases such as meningitis.
  • Severe headache: A condition which is characterized by a severe headache
  • Skull fracture: A fracture of the bones of the skull
  • Spinal conditions: Any condition that affects the spine
  • St. Louis encephalitis: Mosquito-borne type of brain infection (encephalitis)
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Tingling: Tingling, prickling, or pins-and-needles sensations
  • Tuberculous meningitis: Tuberculous meningitis is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord caused by Koch's bacillus.
  • Venezuelan equine encephalitis: A mosquito-borne virus that usually affects horses and related animals but may also infect humans. Young, weak and old people may become very sick and in some cases death can occur. It occurs in Central and South America. The incubation period is 2-5 days. The period of illness is usually 3-8 days but relapses are possible.
  • Vision disturbances: Vision disturbances refer to any type of change or abnormality in eyesight.
  • West Nile fever: Mosquito-borne infectious virus.
  • Western equine encephalitis: An infectious disease caused by an arbovirus (Alphavirus - Togaviraidae) and transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The infection primarily attacks that central nervous system and severity can range from asymptomatic to severe complications and even death in rare cases.

 

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