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Diseases » Artery conditions » Glossary
 

Glossary for Artery conditions

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: A weakness and bulging of a section of an abdominal blood vessel called the abdominal aorta. It is usually associated with severe atherosclerosis in the blood vessel.
  • Aneurysm: Dangerous ballooning of a weakened area of an artery
  • Aorta conditions: Conditions that affect the aorta
  • Aortic aneurysm: A localised dilatation of the aorta which results in a 50% increase in its diameter
  • Aortic coarctation: A rare inherited birth defect where the heart blood vessel called the aorta has a narrowed area which affects blood flow. The degree of constriction is variable which mild cases asymptomatic until adulthood. The poor blood flow to the lower body gives results in it appearing less developed than that upper body.
  • Aortic valve disease: Disease of the heart's aortic valve
  • Arteritis: Inflammation of an artery
  • Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels. It is a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, in large part due to the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low density (especially small particle) lipoproteins (plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high density lipoproteins (HDL). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.
  • Autoimmune Atherosclerosis: The formation of atherosclerosis through an autoimmune process
  • Basilar artery migraine: Basilar migraine (BM), also known as Bickerstaff syndrome, consists of headache accompanied by dizziness, ataxia, tinnitus, decreased hearing, nausea and vomiting, dysarthria, diplopia, loss of balance, bilateral paresthesias or paresis, altered consciousness, syncope, and sometimes loss of consciousness.
  • Blood vessel conditions: Conditions that affect the blood vessels
  • Cerebral Arteriosclerosis: Hardening or blockage of arteries in the brain.
  • Cerebrovascular Conditions: Conditions of the brain's blood vessels including stroke.
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: A group of inherited connective tissue disorders primarily involving the joints and skin. There are 11 disorders in the group.
  • Embolism: Blockage of an artery or blood vessel
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Heart disease: Any of various heart conditions.
  • Marfan syndrome: A genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defect of chromosome 15q21.1 which affects the production of the fibrillin needed to make connective tissue.
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Peripheral vascular disease: Disease of arteries supplying the legs or sometimes arms
  • Polyarteritis nodosa: A serious blood vessel disease where small and medium-sized arteries become swollen and damaged and are unable to adequately supply oxygenated blood to various tissues in the body. The disease can occur in a mild form or a serious, rapidly fatal form.
  • Primary pulmonary hypertension: Primary pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the arteries that carry blood to the lungs for no apparent reason. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low.
  • Pulmonary embolism: Blocked lung blood vessel often from a blood clot.
  • Pulmonary hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition may be caused by such things as lung conditions (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis), heart conditions (e.g. congestive heart failure, birth defects involving heart), AIDS or medications such as fenfluramine (a diet drug). Sometimes it occurs for no apparent reason and is called primary pulmonary hypertension.
  • Senior health conditions: Medical conditions affecting seniors, male or female.
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Syncope: Temporary loss of conciousness or fainting.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Temporal arteritis: Inflamed head artery causing headache.
  • Thromboembolism: Lodgement of a blood clot causing blockage
  • Wallenberg's Syndrome: A rare neurological condition caused by a stroke (involving the cerebellar artery) and resulting in symptoms such as facial paralysis or weakness on one side of body.
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.

 

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