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Treatments for Asthma in Adults

Treatment List for Asthma in Adults

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Asthma in Adults includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Management of asthma, and medications used to prevent and treat symptoms depends on the frequency and severity of symptoms. Treatments for asthma include:
    • Avoidance of triggers - certain medications, pollens, dust etc
    • Avoidance of cigarette smoking - smoking cessation and avoidance of others smoking
    • Utilisation of an asthma action plan and self monitoring
    • Reliever medications for symptomatic relief:
      • Short acting beta2 agonists - salbutamol, terbutaline
      • Ipratropium
      • Oral corticosteroids often used in short courses for moderate to severe exacerbations
    • Preventer drugs:
      • Inhaled corticosteroids - beclomethasone, budesonide, ciclesonide, fluticasone
      • Long acting beta agonists - salmeterol, eformotorol - should always be used in combination with inhaled corticosteroids
      • Cromolyns - cromoglycate and nedocromil - sometimes used in children
      • Leukotriene receptor antagonists - montelukast, zafirlukast - useful for seasonal asthma and may reduce dose of inhaled steroids
      • Controlled release theophylline - sometimes used in severe persistent asthma
    • Severe asthma requires hospitalisation and treatment may include:
      • Continuous high flow oxygen
      • Continuous or frequent nebulised beta agonists
      • Steroids - intravenous and oral
      • Intravenous salbutamol
      • Intravenous adrenaline
      • Intubation and ventilation - used as a last resort for exhaustion related to severe asthma, or respiratory arrest
    • Allergen testing and desensitisation - may have a role in patients with a strong atopic component, but its use is controversial
    • Omalizumab - monoclonal antibody that may have a role in allergic asthma, but more data is required to define its place in asthma management
    • Alternative therapies that some people utilize to alleviate symptoms include: acupuncture, ayruvedic medicine, chiropractic manipulation, massage, hypnosis, exercise, herbal medicines, vitamin supplements, stress reduction and dietary changes
    • Evidence for efficacy of these approaches is variable

Asthma in Adults: Is the Diagnosis Correct?

The first step in getting correct treatment is to get a correct diagnosis. Differential diagnosis list for Asthma in Adults may include:

Asthma in Adults: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers

Products, offers and promotion categories available for Asthma in Adults:

Asthma in Adults: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Asthma in Adults

Research quality ratings and patient incidents/safety measures for hospitals and medical facilities in specialties related to Asthma in Adults:

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Choosing the Best Treatment Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Asthma in Adults, on hospital and medical facility performance and surgical care quality:

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