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Diseases » Autism » Introduction
 

Autism

Autism: Introduction

Autism: Autism is not a disease, but a developmental disorder of brain function. People with classical autism show three types of symptoms: impaired social interaction ... more about Autism.

Autism: Childhood mental condition with social and communication difficulties. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Autism is available below.

Symptoms of Autism

Treatments for Autism

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Autism:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Autism?

Autism: Related Patient Stories

Autism: Deaths

Read more about Deaths and Autism.

Types of Autism

Diagnostic Tests for Autism

Test for Autism in your own home

Click for Tests
  • Hearing tests - to see if the problem is hearing impairment or deafness rather than autism.
  • Lead tests
  • Autism screening tests
    • The Ages and Stages Questionnaire
    • The BRIGANCE® Screens
  • more tests...»

Autism: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to Autism:

Causes of Autism

More information about causes of Autism:

Disease Topics Related To Autism

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Autism:

Autism: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Autism

Mild worm infections undiagnosed in children: Human worm infestations, esp. threadworm, can be overlooked in some cases, because it may cause only mild or even absent symptoms. Although the most common symptoms are anal itch ...read more »

Parental fears about toddler behavior often unfounded: There are many behaviors in infants and toddlers that may give rise to a fear that the child has some form of mental health condition. In particular, there is a...read more »

Undiagnosed stroke leads to misdiagnosed aphasia: BBC News UK reported on a man who had been institutionalized and treated for mental illness because...read more »

Dementia may be a drug interaction: A common scenario in aged care is for a patient to show mental decline to dementia. Whereas this can, of course, occur due to various medical...read more »

Mesenteric adenitis misdiagnosed as appendicitis in children: Because appendicitis is one of the more feared conditions for a child with abdominal pain, it can be over-diagnosed (it can, of...read more »

Blood pressure cuffs misdiagnose hypertension in children: One known misdiagnosis issue with hyperension, arises in relation to the simple equipment used to test blood pressure. The "cuff"...read more »

Mild traumatic brain injury often remains undiagnosed: Although the symptoms of severe brain injury are hard to miss, it is less clear for milder injuries, or even those causing a mild concussion diagnosis. The condition...read more »

ADHD under-diagnosed in adults: Although the over-diagnoses of ADHD in children is a well-known controversy, the reverse side related to adults....read more »

MTBI misdiagnosed as balance problem: When a person has symptoms such as vertigo or dizziness, a diagnosis of brain injury may go overlooked. This is particularly true of ...read more »

Bipolar disorder misdiagosed as various conditions by primary physicians: Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) often fails to be diagnosed correctly by primary care physicians. Many patients with bipolar...read more »

Eating disorders under-diagnosed in men: The typical patient with an eating disorder is female. The result is that men with eating disorders often fail to...read more »

Depression undiagnosed in teenagers: Serious bouts of depression can be undiagnosed in teenagers. The "normal" moodiness of teenagers can cause severe medical depression to be overlooked. See misdiagnosis of...read more »

Brain pressure condition often misdiagnosed as dementia: A condition that results from an excessive pressure of CSF within the brain is often misdiagnosed. It may be misdiagnosed as Parkinson's disease...read more »

Post-concussive brain injury often misdiagnosed: A study found that soldiers who had suffered a concussive injury in battle often were misdiagnosed on their return. A variety of symptoms can occur in post-concussion syndrome and these...read more »

Children with migraine often misdiagnosed: A migraine often fails to be correctly diagnosed in pediatric patients. These patients are not the typical migraine sufferers, but migraines can also...read more »

Undiagnosed anxiety disorders related to depression: Patients with depression (see symptoms of depression) may also have undiagnosed anxiety disorders (see symptoms of anxiety disorders). Failure to diagnose these anxiety...read more »

Autism: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Autism

Research quality ratings and patient safety measures for medical facilities in specialties related to Autism:

Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Autism, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Autism: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Latest Treatments for Autism

Autism: Animations

Prognosis for Autism

Prognosis for Autism: Normal life expectancy but impaired social function.

Research about Autism

Visit our research pages for current research about Autism treatments.

Clinical Trials for Autism

The US based website ClinicalTrials.gov lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on ClinicalTrials.gov for Autism include:

Statistics for Autism

Autism: Broader Related Topics

Autism Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Autism, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Article Excerpts about Autism

Autism Fact Sheet: NINDS (Excerpt)

Autism is not a disease, but a developmental disorder of brain function. People with classical autism show three types of symptoms: impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual or severely limited activities and interests. Symptoms of autism usually appear during the first three years of childhood and continue throughout life. (Source: excerpt from Autism Fact Sheet: NINDS)

NINDS Autism Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)

Autism is classified as one of the pervasive developmental disorders of the brain. It is not a disease. People with classical autism show three types of symptoms: impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual or severely limited activities and interests. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Autism Information Page: NINDS)

Autism: NIMH (Excerpt)

Isolated in worlds of their own, people with autism appear indifferent and remote and are unable to form emotional bonds with others. Although people with this baffling brain disorder can display a wide range of symptoms and disability, many are incapable of understanding other people's thoughts, feelings, and needs. Often, language and intelligence fail to develop fully, making communication and social relationships difficult. Many people with autism engage in repetitive activities, like rocking or banging their heads, or rigidly following familiar patterns in their everyday routines. Some are painfully sensitive to sound, touch, sight, or smell. (Source: excerpt from Autism: NIMH)

Definitions of Autism:

Type of autism characterized by very early detection (< 30 months), social coldness, grossly impaired communication, and bizarre motor responses.> - (Source - Diseases Database)

(psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people - (Source - WordNet 2.1)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Autism as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

 

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