Allergy Statistics: NIAID
Article title: Allergy Statistics: NIAID
Conditions: Allergies, latex allergy, Atopic dermatitis, Chronic sinusitis, food allergy, peanut allergy, Penicillin allergy, Acute urticaria, Insect venom allergy
- Each year more than 50 million Americans suffer from allergic
- Allergies are the 6th leading cause of chronic
disease in the United States, costing the health care system $18
- Two estimates of allergy prevalence in the United States are 9
percent and 16 percent. The prevalence
of allergic rhinitis has increased substantially over the past 15
- Approximately 16.7 million office visits to health care
providers each year are attributed to allergic
- Estimates of the prevalence of allergy to latex allergens in
the general population vary widely, from less than 1 percent to 6
- Certain individuals, including health care workers who wear
latex gloves and children with spina bifida who have had multiple
surgical procedures, are at particularly high risk for allergic
reactions to latex. Atopic individuals (those with allergies) are
at an increased risk of developing latex allergy.
- Based on 1988 to 1993 data, 220 cases of anaphylaxis and 3
deaths per year are due to latex allergy.[7,8]
- Atopic dermatitis is one of the most common skin diseases,
particularly in infants and children. The estimated prevalence in
the United States is 9 percent. The prevalence of
atopic dermatitis appears to be increasing.
- Health care provider visits for contact dermatitis and other
eczemas, which include atopic dermatitis, are 7 million per
- Chronic sinusitis is the most commonly reported chronic
disease, affecting 12.6 percent of people (approximately 38
million) in the United States in 1996.
- In 1996, estimated U.S. health care expenditures attributable
to sinusitis were more than $5.8 billion.
- Experts estimate that food allergy occurs in 8 percent of
children 6 years of age or under, and in 1 to 2 percent of
adults. Approximately 100 Americans, usually
children, die annually from food-induced
- Peanut or tree nut allergies affect approximately 3 million
Americans and cause the most severe food-induced allergic
- Allergic drug reactions account for 5 to 10 percent of all
adverse drug reactions, with skin reaction being the most common
- Penicillin is a common cause of drug allergy. One clinic found
2.5 percent of their study group reacted to penicillin allergy
skin tests (IgE antibodies). Anaphylactic reactions
to penicillin cause 400 deaths annually among Americans, making
penicillin allergy a more common cause of death than food
- Acute urticaria (hives) is common, affecting 10 to 20 percent
of the population at some time in their lives. Half of those
affected continue to have symptoms for more than 6
- Allergy to venom of stinging insects (honeybees, wasps,
hornets, yellow jackets, and fire ants) is relatively common, with
prevalence of systemic reactions in American adults of 3.3
percent. Between 40 and 100 Americans have been
reported to die annually from anaphylaxis to insects, although
this number may be markedly underestimated.
- American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI).
The Allergy Report: Science Based Findings on the Diagnosis
& Treatment of Allergic Disorders, 1996-2001.
- CDC. Fast Stats A-Z, Vital and Health Statistics,
Series 10, no. 200, Table 57. 1996. Web: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/pdf/10200t57.pdf..
- The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood
(ISAAC) Steering Committee. "Worldwide variation in prevalence of
symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic
eczema: ISAAC." Lancet 351: 1225-32. 1998.
- Linneberg A et al. "The prevalence of skin-test-positive
allergic rhinitis in Danish adults: two cross-sectional surveys 8
years apart. The Copenhagen Allergy Study." Allergy 55:
- CDC. Fast Stats A-Z, Vital and Health Statistics,
Series 10, no. 13. 1999. Web: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/allergies.htm.
- Poley GE and Slater JE. "Latex allergy." Journal of
Allergy and Clinical Immunology 105 (6): 1054-62. 2000.
- Neugut AL, Ghatak AT and Miller RL. "Anaphylaxis in the United
States: An investigation into its epidemiology." Archives of
Internal Medicine 61 (1): 15-21. 2001.
- Sussman GL and Beezhold DH. "Allergy to latex rubber."
Annals of Internal Medicine 122 (1): 43-6. 1995.
- Rudikoff D and Lebwohl M. "Atopic dermatitis." Lancet
351(9117): 1715-21. 1998.
- Boguniewicz M and Leung D. In Allergy, Principles and
Practice, 5th Ed., E. Middleton et al, ed. Mosby,
St. Louis, p. 1123. 1998.
- CDC. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital and
Health Statistics Series, 1996: Vol. 13, No. 134.
- Ray NF et al. "Healthcare expenditures for sinusitis in 1996:
contributions of asthma, rhinitis, and other airway disorders."
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 103 (3 pt. 1):
- Sampson HA. In Allergy, Principles and Practice,
5th Ed., E. Middleton et al, ed. Mosby, St. Louis, p.
- AAAAI Board of Directors. "Anaphylaxis in schools and other
childcare settings." Journal of Allergy and Clinical
Immunology 102 (2):173-6. 1998.
- Sicherer SH, Munoz-Furlong A, Burks AW et al.: Prevalence of
peanut and tree nut allergy in the US determined by a random digit
dial telephone survey. Journal of Allergy and Clinical
Immunology 103:559-62, 1999.
- Gadde J et al. "Clinical experience with penicillin skin
testing in a large inner-city STD clinic." Journal of the
American Medical Association 270:2456-63. 1993.
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