Assessment
Questionnaire

Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
 
Articles » Facts About Diabetes: CDC-OC
 

Facts About Diabetes: CDC-OC

Article title: Facts About Diabetes: CDC-OC

Conditions: Diabetes

Source: CDC-OC


Diabetes

Updated September 15, 1998
Media Relations Division
(404) 639-3286

  • Diabetes mellitus is a disease caused by a deficiency of insulin, which is a hormone secreted by the pancreas.
  • About 16 million Americans have diabetes, but only about 10 million have been diagnosed. Approximately 798,000 new cases of diabetes are diagnosed annually in the United States.
  • The number of persons diagnosed with diabetes has increased sixfold, from 1.6 million in 1958 to 10 million in 1997. Diabetes is the nation's seventh leading killer and contributed to about 187,800 deaths in 1995.
  • Diabetes is classified into two main types: type 1 and type 2 . Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent), affects 5%-10% of those with diabetes and most often occurs during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin- dependent) is the more common type, affecting 90%-95% of those with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs after age 40.
  • Diabetes and its complications occur among Americans of all ages and racial/ethnic groups, but the elderly and certain racial/ethnic groups are more commonly affected by the disease. About 18% of Americans 65 years of age and older have diabetes.
  • Diabetes patients risk debilitating complications such as blindness, kidney disease, and lower-extremity amputations.
  • Cardiovascular disease is 2-4 times more common among persons with diabetes; the risk of stroke is 2-4 times higher; 60%-65% have high blood pressure; and 60%-70% have mild to severe diabetic nerve damage.
For updated information, see: http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/facts98.htm

Media Home | Contact Us

CDC Home | Search | Health Topics A-Z

This page last reviewed
URL:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Office of Communication

 

By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise