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Article title: NINDS Autism Information Page: NINDS
Is there any
There is currently no cure for autism, but appropriate treatment may foster relatively normal development and reduce undesirable behaviors. Educational/behavioral therapies and drug interventions are designed to remedy specific symptoms. Educational/behavioral therapies emphasize highly structured and often intensive skill-oriented training. Doctors also may prescribe a variety of drugs to reduce symptoms of autism Other interventions are available, but few, if any, scientific studies support their use.
What is the
People with autism have normal life expectancies. Symptoms in many children improve with intervention or as the children age. Some people with autism eventually lead normal or near-normal lives. Adolescence can worsen behavior problems in some children, and parents should be ready to adjust treatment for the child's changing needs. About a third of children with autistic spectrum disorders eventually develop epilepsy. The risk is highest in children with severe cognitive impairment and motor deficits.
What research is being
NINDS supports studies aimed at identifying the underlying brain abnormalities of autism through new methods of brain imaging and other innovative techniques, and at identifying genes that increase the risk of autism. Researchers also are investigating possible biologic markers present at birth that can identify infants at risk for the development of autism. Other studies are examining how different brain regions develop and function in relation to each other, and how alterations in these relationships may result in the signs and symptoms of autism. Researchers hope these studies will provide new clues about how autism develops and how brain abnormalities affect behavior.
Autism Research Institute (ARI)
4182 Adams Avenue
San Diego, CA 92116
Autism Society of America
7910 Woodmont Ave.
Bethesda, MD 20814-3067
Tel: 301-657-0881 800-3AUTISM (328-8476)
Association for Science in Autism Treatment
175 Great Neck Road
Great Neck, NY 11021
Center for Outreach and Services for the Autism Community
1450 Parkside Avenue
Ewing, NJ 08638
Tel: 609-883-8100 800-4-AUTISM (428-8476)
National Alliance for Autism Research (NAAR)
99 Wall Street
Princeton, NJ 08540
Tel: 609-430-9160 888-777-NAAR (6227) California: 310-230-3568
National Autism Hotline
Autism Services Center
605 Ninth Street, Prichard Bldg.
Huntington, WV 25701-0507
Autism National Committee (AUTCOM)
P.O. Box 6175
North Plymouth, MA 02362-6175
Cure Autism Now (CAN) Foundation
5455 Wilshire Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90036-4234
Tel: 323-549-0500 888-AUTISM (-288476)
MAAP Services [For Autism, Asperger's Syndrome, and PDD]
P.O. Box 524
Crown Point, IN 46308
Autism Network International (ANI)
P.O. Box 35448
Syracuse, NY 13235-5448
National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD)
P.O. Box 8923
(100 Route 37)
New Fairfield, CT 06812-8923
Tel: 203-746-6518 800-999-NORD (6673)
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
National Institutes of Health
Bldg. 31, Rm. 2A32
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
Tel: 301-496-5133 800-370-2943
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
6001 Executive Blvd.
Rm. 8184, MSC 9663
Bethesda, MD 20892-9663
Tel: 301-443-4513 TTY: 301-443-8431 Depression Info: 800-421-4211 Anxiety Info: 88-88-ANXIETY (269-4389) Panic Info: 888-64-PANIC (64-72642)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
1 Communication Avenue
Bethesda, MD 20892-3456
Tel: 800-241-1044 TTD/TTY: 241-1055
National Information Center for Children and Youth with
P.O. Box 1492
Washington, DC 20013-1492
Tel: 202-884-8200 800-695-0285
Autism fact sheet developed by NINDS, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
Informacion en espanol del Autismo/Spanish-language fact sheet on autism compiled by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).
Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) information sheet compiled by NINDS, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
Asperger Syndrome information sheet compiled by NINDS.
This fact sheet is in the public domain. You may copy it.
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, MD 20892
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