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Articles » NINDS Soto's Syndrome Information Page: NINDS
 

NINDS Soto's Syndrome Information Page: NINDS

Article title: NINDS Soto's Syndrome Information Page: NINDS

Main condition: Soto's Syndrome

Conditions: Soto's Syndrome


What is Soto's Syndrome?
Soto's syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by excessive physical growth during the first 2 to 3 years of life. The disorder may be accompanied by mild mental retardation, delayed motor, cognitive, and social development, hypotonia (low muscle tone), and speech impairments. Children with Soto's syndrome tend to be large at birth and are often taller, heavier, and have larger heads (macrocrania) than is normal for their age. Symptoms of the disorder, which vary among individuals, include a disportionately large and long head with a slightly protrusive forehead, large hands and feet, hypertelorism (an abnormally increased distance between the eyes), and downslanting eyes. Clumsiness, an awkward gait, and unusual aggressiveness or irritability may also occur. Although most cases of Soto's syndrome occur sporadically, familial cases have also been reported.

Is there any treatment?
There is no standard course of treatment for Soto's syndrome. Treatment is symptomatic.

What is the prognosis?
Soto's syndrome is not a life-threatening disorder and patients may have a normal life expectancy. The initial abnormalities of Soto's syndrome usually resolve as the growth rate becomes normal after the first few years of life. Developmental delays may improve in the school-age years, however, coordination problems may persist into adulthood.

What research is being done?
The NINDS supports and conducts a wide range of studies which focus on identifying and learning more about the genes involved in normal brain development. The knowledge gained from these fundamental studies provides the foundation for understanding how this process can go awry and, thus, may eventually give clues to understanding disorders such as Soto's syndrome.

 Organizations

Sotos Syndrome Support Association
3 Danada Square East
PMB #235
Wheaton, IL 60187
sssa@well.com
http://www.well.com/user/sssa
Tel: 888-246-7772

The ARC
1010 Wayne Avenue
Suite 650
Silver Spring, MD 20910
Info@thearc.org
http://www.thearc.org/
Tel: 301-565-3842
Fax: 301-565-3843 or -5342

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
resourcecenter@modimes.org
http://www.modimes.org/
Tel: 914-428-7100 888-MODIMES (663-4637)
Fax: 914-428-8203

National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD)
P.O. Box 8923
(100 Route 37)
New Fairfield, CT 06812-8923
orphan@rarediseases.org
http://www.rarediseases.org/
Tel: 203-746-6518 800-999-NORD (6673)
Fax: 203-746-6481

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
National Institutes of Health
Bldg. 31, Rm. 2A32
Bethesda, MD 20892-2425
NICHDClearinghouse@mail.nih.gov
http://www.nichd.nih.gov/
Tel: 301-496-5133 800-370-2943

This fact sheet is in the public domain. You may copy it.Provided by:
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, MD 20892


 

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