Assessment
Questionnaire

Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
 
Diseases » Back pain » Glossary
 

Glossary for Back pain

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: A weakness and bulging of a section of an abdominal blood vessel called the abdominal aorta. It is usually associated with severe atherosclerosis in the blood vessel.
  • Abdominal symptoms: Symptoms affecting the abdomen or digestive tract
  • Acebutolol Hydrochloride -- Teratogenic Agent: Experimental studies on rats indicate that using Acebutolol Hydrochloride during pregnancy produces no harmful effects on the developing fetus. Acebutolol Hydrochloride is a beta blocker medication used to treat high blood pressure and abnormal heart rhythm. Other reports indicate that use in pregnant women also produces no harmful effects on the fetus.
  • Acute Appendicitis: Infection of the appendix
  • Acute Pancreatitis: Sudden severe inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Acute bacterial prostatitis: Bacterial prostatitis is a bacterial inflammation of the prostate gland, in men.
  • Acute idiopathic polyneuritis: A rare progressive form of ascending polyneuropathy believed to be an autoimmune response.
  • Acute intermittent porphyria: A rare metabolic disorder characterized by a deficiency in the porphobilinogen deaminase enzyme which results in a build-up of porphyrins or its precursors in the body. Using certain drugs or eating certain foods can trigger the symptoms of the condition.
  • Acute leukemia: An acute condition which affects a cell line of the blood which shows little or no differentiation
  • Addison's Disease: A rare progressive hormonal disorder characterized by insufficient production of certain hormones called adrenal corticosteroids.
  • Addisonian crisis: Severe adrenal gland complication from Addison's disease.
  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell: A type of cancer that occurs mainly in the genitourinary tract and the cells that make up the tumor are clear. It is very rare and most cases occur in females whose mothers used a drug called DES (synthetic estrogen) while pregnant.
  • Adenosarcoma of the uterus: A tumor that develops from the glands that line the uterus.
  • Albers-Schonberg disease -- Adult benign dominant form: A rare disorder characterized primarily by increased bone density as old bone is not resorbed and replaced with new bone - is also known as marble bone disease. The adult benign form is associated with a normal life expectancy and is often asymptomatic.
  • Alendronate -- Teratogenic Agent: Experimental studies on rats and rabbits indicate that the use of Alendronate during pregnancy may cause various harmful effects on the fetus. The likelihood and severity of symptoms may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at. The effect on human fetuses has not been conclusively determined.
  • Alkaptonuria: A rare disorder where the abnormal accumulation of a particular acid (homogentisic acid) in the body causes connective tissue and bone damage. This damage gives tissues a dark or bluish discoloration.
  • Aneurysm: Dangerous ballooning of a weakened area of an artery
  • Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage: Bleeding in the space around the brain that occurs from a leak in a weakened or dilated blood vessel under the arachnoid layer of the brain. Death can occur if treatment is not prompt.
  • Angiofollicular lymph hyperplasia: A rare disorder of the lymph system characterized by the development of benign tumors in lymph tissue anywhere in the body.
  • Angioma: Clump of blood or lymph vessels usually in the skin
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: Inflammation of spinal joints similar to rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Ankylosing spondylarthritis: Inflammation of one or more spine joints. The spine becomes progressively painful and stiff and the spine joints may eventually fuse and cause disability. The condition may vary from mild to severe. Inflammation can affect other joints and tissues.
  • Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension, and fear without apparent stimulus that is associated sometime with somatic responses
  • Aorta conditions: Conditions that affect the aorta
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic: Bulging and weakness of the aorta in the area of the chest. The condition is life-threatening as death can occur rapidly if the aneurysm bursts.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial thoracic 1: A rare familial disorder where the aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 1 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 11q23.3-q24.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial thoracic 2: A rare familial disorder where the aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 2 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 5q13-q14.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial thoracic 3: A rare familial disorder where the aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 3 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 3p22.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial thoracic 4: A rare familial disorder where the aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 4 also involves another heart defect (patent ductus arteriosus) and is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 16p13.13-p13.12.
  • Aortic aneurysm, familial thoracic 5: A rare familial disorder where the aorta has a weak, bulging portion. The condition is asymptomatic but can result in death if it bursts. Type 5 is caused by a genetic defect on chromosome 9q33-q34.
  • Arthritis: General name for any type of joint inflammation, but often means age-related osteoarthritis.
  • Atenolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Atenolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Autoimmune oophoritis: An autoimmune condition where the body's own immune system attacks the ovaries and causes them to become inflamed. It can lead to ovarian function stopping prematurely.
  • Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease: Severe form of PKD, a genetic kidney disease.
  • Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: Genetic kidney disease causing kidney cysts.
  • Axial osteomalacia: A rare bone disorder where an enzyme defect affects bone formation that primarily affects the ribs and iliac crest (hip bone).
  • Axial osteosclerosis: A rare bone abnormality involving patches of increased bone density which tend to occur in the spine, pelvis and the ball part of the hip joint.
  • Back conditions: A group of conditions that affect the back
  • Back injuries: A term usually used to describe any musculoskeletal back injury - a common workplace occurrence.
  • Back lump: A palpable lesion located anatomically at or near the ankle joint
  • Back pain: Pain from the back or spine.
  • Back sprain: Damage to ligaments in the back.
  • Back tumour: The presence of tumour growth in the vertebra, whether due to primary malignancies e.g. leukaemic or myeloma infiltration of the bone marrow, or due to secondary metastases from another site e.g. lung or breast.
  • Backache: The occurrence of the sensation of pain located in the anatomical position of the back
  • Bacterial endocarditis: Infection and inflammation of the inner layers of the heart, most commonly the valves cause by bacteria.
  • Barsony-Polgar syndrome 1: Nerve pain associated with the hip. Pregnancy and physical activity can make symptoms worse.
  • Bartonella infections: Infection with bacteria from the Bartonella genus of bacteria. Specific bacteria from within this group are Bartonella bacilliforms (Oroya fever), Bartonella Heneslae (Cat-scratch disease). Other conditions caused by this bacteria are endocarditis, bacteremia and angiomatosis. Symptoms vary depending on the type of bacteria involved and the severity of the infection - immunocompromised patients face greater risk of severe infection.
  • Beardwell syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by abnormal calcium deposits along the vertebrae as well as the development of calluses on the palms and soles.
  • Betaxolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Betaxolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Biliary tract cancer: Cancer that develops in the gallbladder or bile ducts.
  • Bisoprolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Bisoprolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Blood cancer: Malignancy of one or several of the different types of cells in the blood
  • Bone cancer: Malignancy that occurs in the bone
  • Breakdance back syndrome: Difficulty bending over and lower back pain caused by breakdancing.
  • Breast Cancer: Cancer of the breast.
  • Bright's Disease: A condition where the parts of the kidneys that are responsible for filtering become inflamed and results in blood and proteins accidentally leaking into the urine. The condition can occur after certain infections and serious kidney dysfunction can result in severe or chronic complications.
  • Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
  • Bwamba virus: A viral illness caused by a species of bunyavirus and transmitted by mosquitoes. The main symptom is fever and it is often mistaken for malaria. Symptoms generally persist for 5 to 7 days. The virus is most common in East Africa.
  • Carcinomatous meningitis: Carcinomatous meningitis, is a form of metastatic cancer that has spread to the lining of the brain and spinal cord, the parts of the body that make up the central nervous system.
  • Cast syndrome: Obstruction of the third part of the duodenum by an artery following the use of a body plaster cast or a Bradford frame.
  • Cat scratch disease: An infectious disease transmitted through a cat's bite, scratch or lick and resulting primarily in lymph node pain and swelling. The condition can be mild or severe.
  • Cauda equina syndrome: Is a neurological syndrome which occurs when a vertebral disc protrudes and compresses the spinal cord.
  • Cervical Cancer: Cervical cancer is malignant cancer of the cervix uteri or cervical area
  • Cervical Spondylosis: Condition where bony changes within the cervical spine causes spinal cord compression with associated neck pain; usually seen in patients over 40 years of age.
  • Cervicitis: Inflammation of the cervix
  • Chat room addiction: Chat room addiction refers to the excessive amounts of time spent on computer chat rooms. When the person attempts to reduce the amount of time spent on the activity they suffer withdrawal symptoms such as irritability and anxiety. The preoccupation can cause problems with relationships and even with work performance.
  • Chiari-Frommel syndrome: A rare condition where galactorrhea and amenorrhea continues for an abnormal length of time (generally longer than 6 months) after giving birth.
  • Chikungunya: A rare viral disease usually transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by fever, rash and severe arthritis.
  • Chlamydia: Common sexually transmitted disease often without symptoms.
  • Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the gallbladder which concentrates and stores bile. The condition may occur suddenly (acute) or persist over a longer period of time (chronic).
  • Chondrodysplasia, type Nance-Sweeney: A very rare condition characterized mainly by bone malformations, hearing loss and facial anomalies.@
  • Chordoma: Chordomas are rare tumors that arise from embryonic notochordal remnants along the length of the neuraxis at developmentally active sites. These sites are the ends of the neuraxis and the vertebral bodies.
  • Chromophil renal cell carcinoma: A type of kidney tumor where the cells that make up the tumor take up dye readily during pathology testing.
  • Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma: A rare type of kidney tumor. The cells that make up the tumor tend to be clear and do not readily take up dye during pathology analysis. Metastasis often only occurs late in the course of the disease and surgical removal usually leads to a good prognosis.
  • Chronic Pancreatitis: Chronic ongoing inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Chronic leukemia: Leukemia in which the cell line is well differentiated, usually B lymphocytes.
  • Chronic meningitis: Chronic meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges with subacute onset and persisting cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) abnormalities lasting for at least one month.
  • Chronic renal insufficiency: Chronic lack of function of the renal system. Kidneys.
  • Clear cell renal cell carcinoma: A type of kidney tumor where the cells that make up the tumor are clear.
  • Coccydynia: pain in the area of the coccyx (tailbone)
  • Collecting duct carcinoma: A rare, aggressive type of kidney cancer that arises from the kidney collecting ducts. The cancer cells can form irregular tubes.
  • Colorectal Polyps: Polyp growths in the colon or rectum.
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
  • Combat stress reaction: A term used in the military which refers to behaviors that result from the stress of fighting in a war.
  • Computer addiction: Computer addiction refers to the excessive amounts of time spent on the computer. The preoccupation can cause problems with relationships and even with work performance. The time spent on the computer does not refer to work-related activities.
  • Congenital bronchogenic cyst: A rare birth condition characterized by the formation of a cyst in the middle of the chest, usually near the area where the trachea branches off. The condition may be asymptomatic but if the cyst is large enough it may cause problems by compressing nearby structures such as the trachea.
  • Copper toxicity: Excessive accumulation of copper in the body can cause symptoms.
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
  • Cushing's syndrome: A rare syndrome where excessive secretion of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex leads to a variety of symptoms. Hormone-secreting adrenal or pituitary tumors are often the cause of the excessive corticosteroid secretion.
  • Cutaneomeningospinal angiomatosis: A rare inherited disorder involving a skin birthmark as well as a blood vessel malformation in the spinal cord (angioma). The severity of the spinal involvement is variable with neurological problems occurring as a result of compression of the spinal cord or bleeding. Other cases may be undiagnosed as the cause no symptoms.
  • Cystitis: Bladder infection or inflammation
  • Danubian endemic familial nephropathy: A form of slow-progressing kidney disease that occurs in a particular geographic area which includes countries such as Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Romania. The condition can remain asymptomatic for many years until serious kidney damage has occurred.
  • Degenerative Disc Disease: Chronic or recurrent back and neck pain due to degeneration and occasionally prolapse of spinal discs.
  • Dengue fever: An acute viral disease characterized by fever, rash and myalgia and caused by a flavivirus which is transmitted by mosquitoes.
  • Dent-Friedman syndrome: A rare form of osteoporosis that occurs in children and adolescents and no cause can be determined.
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Depressive disorders: Depression or its various related conditions.
  • Depressive symptoms: Inappropriate depressed mood.
  • Dermatomyositis: A muscle disease characterized by chronic muscle inflammation resulting in progressive muscle weakness and a characteristic rash.
  • Desmoplastic small round cell tumor: A rare aggressive tumor that usually develops in soft tissue and tends to grow to a large size. It usually occurs in the abdomen but may also in other parts of the body such as abdominal organs, brain, testicles, ovaries, spinal cord and skull.
  • Dialyzer hypersensitivity syndrome: An anaphylactic reaction that occurs in some patients who are dialyzed on artificial kidneys. A compound (ethylene oxide) used to dry sterilize artificial kidneys is a likely allergen.
  • Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis: A form of degenerative arthritis characterized by calcification on the sides of the spine vertebrae as well as inflammation and calcification of tendons where they attach to bone which often results in bone spurs.
  • Disc Disorders: Disorders that affect the discs of the spine
  • Discitis: A subacute infection of the vertebral discs that usually occurs in children.
  • Dressler (D.)syndrome: A rare autoimmune blood disorder where erythrocytes are destroyed suddenly after exposure to cold (usually 15°C or lower).
  • Dysmenorrhea: Pain, cramping, or discomfort due to menstruation
  • Dysthymia: Mild form of depression
  • EGE: A rare disorder where white blood cells (eosinophils) infiltrate the layers of the lining of the stomach and intestines and cause gastrointestinal symptoms. The degree of infiltration will determine the severity of symptoms.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: A condition where a fertilized egg embeds itself outside the uterus.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: A group of inherited connective tissue disorders primarily involving the joints and skin. There are 11 disorders in the group.
  • Endometrial stromal sarcoma: A rare type of cancer that develops from the endometrial layer of the uterus. The cancer may be slow-growing or aggressive and may metastasize.
  • Endometriosis: Misplaced uterus tissue causing scar tissue.
  • Enlarged liver: Swelling of the liver.
  • Eosinophilic enteropathy, pattern II: A rare disorder where white blood cells (eosinophils) infiltrate the top layers of the lining of the stomach and small intestine.
  • Ependymoma: A tumor that occurs in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Symptoms vary according to the aggressiveness, size and exact location of the tumor.
  • Esophageal carcinoma: A cancer of the esophagus.
  • Esophageal disorder:
  • Esophagus Cancer: Cancer of the esophagus in the throat.
  • Facet syndrome: An irritation, sprain or strain involving the vertebral joints of the spine. The exact symptoms may vary depending on the part of the spine involved. The condition most often results osteoarthritis, degenerative disc disease or injury.
  • Familial renal cell carcinoma: A genetic form of kidney cancer that develops in the lining of the tubules in the kidney and tends to run in families.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Felodipine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Felodipine (an antihypertensive drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Fibrocartilaginous embolism: A rare disorder where some of the material from a vertebral disc enters the blood supply to the spinal cord where it causes an obstruction. Symptoms are determined by where the obstruction occurs. The obstruction causes damage to part of the spinal cord resulting in neurological symptoms which can result in death depending on the size and location of the obstruction.
  • Fibromyalgia: A difficult to diagnose condition affecting the muscles and/or joints
  • Filaminopathy, autosomal dominant: A rare dominantly inherited muscle disease characterized slow-progressing muscle weakness. The upper legs seemed to be the most affected with the arms being less involved.
  • Foix-Alajouanine syndrome: A rare type of spinal cord disease caused by malformations in blood vessels supplying the spinal cord. Insufficient blood flow to the spinal cord causes muscle problems.
  • Fractures: Fracture of a bone; also "broken bone".
  • Gallstones: Stone-like deposits in the gall bladder.
  • Gaming addiction: Gaming addiction refers to the excessive amounts of time spent on online computer games. When the person attempts to reduce the amount of time spent on the activity they suffer withdrawal symptoms such as irritability and anxiety. The preoccupation can cause problems with relationships and even with work performance.
  • Gastric Ulcer: A gastric ulcer is a break in the normal tissue that lines the stomach.
  • Gemfibrozil -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Gemfibrozil during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Glassy cell carcinoma of the cervix: A rare type of cervical cancer.
  • Glioma: A rare type of tumor that occurs from glial cells that make up the central nervous system. These tumors usually occur in the brain but can also occur in the spinal cord and other nerves such as the optic nerve. Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor.
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency: A rare enzyme abnormality involving a deficiency of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase which causes premature destruction of red blood cells. The excessive destruction of red blood cells can be triggered by certain infections or drugs or by eating fava beans.
  • Glycogen storage disease type 2: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the harmful accumulation of certain chemicals (glycogen) in body tissues due to the deficiency of an enzyme (?-glucosidase or acid maltase) needed to break it down.
  • Glycogenosis type 2: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving the harmful accumulation of certain chemicals (glycogen) in body tissues due to the deficiency of an enzyme (?-glucosidase or acid maltase) needed to break it down. The severity of the condition is variable and onset may occur during infancy, childhood or adulthood.
  • Gravitational headache: Headache following a lumbar puncture is a common and often debilitating syndrome. Continued leakage of cerebrospinal fluid from a puncture site decreases intracranial pressure, which leads to traction on pain-sensitive intracranial structures.
  • Guillain-Barre Syndrome: A rare progressive form of ascending polyneuropathy believed to be an autoimmune response.
  • Hantavirosis: Infection by hantavirus which is a virus from the family Bunyaviridae. Infection generally causes severe febrile illness which can involve bleeding, shock and even death in some cases. The disease is transmitted by infected rodents.
  • Heart attack: Serious and often fatal acute heart condition
  • Hemorragic fever with renal syndrome: A group of infectious diseases that involve bleeding, fever and kidney problems. Examples of viruses that can cause such infectious diseases include Hantan virus, Puumala virus and Seoul virus. Examples of diseases caused by viruses in this group includes epidemic nephritis, Hantaan fever and Songo fever. The virus is usually transmitted to human by rodents or biting insects such as mosquitos. The severity and range of symptoms is determined by the particular virus involved.
  • Herniated disc: A misaligned or "slipped" disc in the spine.
  • Hip Replacement: The replacement of a hip with an synthetic joint
  • Hip cancer: The presence of tumour growth in the bone of the hip, whether due to primary malignancies e.g. leukaemic or myeloma infiltration of the bone marrow, or due to secondary metastases from another site e.g. lung or breast; cancer affecting bone of hip likely to affect other bones e.g. vertebra, ribs
  • Hip conditions: Any condition that affects the hip
  • Hip injury: Any injury that affects the hip
  • Hodgkin's Disease: A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Hydronephrosis: Swollen kidneys from retained urine
  • Hyperparathyroidism: Increased secretion of parathyroid hormone from the parathyroid glands.
  • Hypersecretion of growth hormone: increased production of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • Hypoparathyroidism: A condition where the parathyroid glands don't produce enough parathyroid hormone for normal body functioning. The primary function of these hormones is to regulate body calcium levels.
  • Hypophosphatemic rickets: A rare genetic type of rickets involving defective phosphate transport and vitamin D metabolism in the kidneys. Poor calcium absorption from the intestines leads to bone softening.
  • Hysteria: Psychological disorder causing physical symptoms
  • Inclusion body myopathy associated with Paget disease of bone and frontotemporal dementia: An inherited muscle wasting disorder associated with dementia and bone disease.
  • Infective endocarditis: The infection and inflammation of the inner heart layers, especially the valves. The infection is usually bacterial. The condition carries a high risk of death.
  • Inheritable disorders of connective tissue: Disorders that affect the connective tissue of the body that are handed down from generation to generation
  • Intercostal neuralgia: Nerve pain affecting the ribs
  • Intervertebral disc disease: Degenerative changes in the discs located between vertebrae. The severity of the disorder is variable.
  • Irritability: Excessive feelings of annoyance or frustration.
  • Joint injury: An injury to any joint in the body. The larger limb joints tend to be the most utilized and are hence more prone to injuries. Severity of symptoms varies depending on the type and location of injury and often the primary symptom is pain. A joint injury can involve damage to the bones, ligaments or other tissues of the joint. The injury may be acute (e.g. trauma) or chronic (e.g. overuse).
  • Juvenile Paget's Disease:
  • Juvenile osteoporosis: Osteoporosis (progressive bone loss) that occurs in children. Osteoporosis in children can be caused by certain medical conditions (e.g. diabetes, malabsorption syndromes, kidney disease, hyperthyroidism), certain medications (e.g. corticosteroids, anticonvulsants), prolonged immobility or sometimes for no detectable reason (idiopathic).
  • Kidney Cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the kidneys
  • Kidney disease: Reduced kidney function from various causes.
  • Kidney stones: Kidney stones are solid deposits of salts (e.g calcium) from the urine. These deposits can impair the passage of urine that has the potential to result in infection and kidney damage or failure in severe cases.
  • Labor Pain: Pain that occurs during active childbirth.
  • Lassa fever: Infectious rat-borne West African disease.
  • Lateral meningocele syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by lateral meningoceles (openings in the spinal cord on the inside of the spine) as well as craniofacial anomalies. The syndrome is believed to involve the abnormal development of the spinal cord, cerebellum and cerebral cortex.
  • Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2H: An autosomal recessive form of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy where muscle weakness and atrophy is caused by mutations of the TRIM32 protein.
  • Lipoma: Tumor of fat cells usually just under the skin
  • Listeriosis: Bacterial food poisoning
  • Listeriosis of pregnancy: Listeria monocytogenes infection in pregnant women.
  • Liver cancer: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Lordosis: Spinal curvature forward in the lower back
  • Lower back pain: Pain in the lower back region
  • Lower back sprain: Damage to ligaments in the lower back.
  • Lumbago: Back pain in the small of the back
  • MN1: A rare genetic defect that can cause meningiomas to develop. A meningioma is a tumor of the meninges which is a membrane that encloses the brain and spinal cord The genetic defect occurs on chromosome 22. The tumor is usually slow-growing and benign.
  • Malignant mixed Mullerian tumor: A rare malignant cancer that develops in the uterus, ovary or fallopian tubes. The tumor contains epithelial and stromal cells. The cancer may be slow-growing or aggressive and may metastasize.
  • Malingering: The faking or exaggeration of symptoms of a particular condition
  • Marchiafava-Micheli disease: A blood disorder where abnormalities in erhtyrocyte membranes results in excessive destruction of red blood cells and hence anemia.
  • Meningioma: A slow-growing tumor of the meninges that is not cancerous. Symptoms are determined by the size and location of the tumor.
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Mesothelioma, adult malignant: A rare type of malignant cancer that occurs in the pleura (chest lining) or peritoneum (abdominal lining). The cancer develops in people who have inhaled asbestos fibres. Symptoms tend to occur many years or even decades after the exposure.
  • Mesothelioma, adult malignant -- pleural: A rare type of malignant cancer that occurs in the pleura (chest lining). The cancer develops in people who have inhaled asbestos fibers. Symptoms tend to occur many years or even decades after the exposure.
  • Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Metoprolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Metoprolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Middle back pain: Back pain in the middle back area
  • Mifepristone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Mifepristone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Mittelschmerz: Mid-cycle abdominal pain due to ovulation
  • Multifocal fibrosclerosis: A rare disorder characterized by the development of fibrous tissue that can occur in various parts of the body such as the retroperitoneum, mediastinum, eye area, bile ducts and thyroid gland. The severity and range of involvement is variable. There is no obvious cause for the condition.
  • Multiple Myeloma: A rare malignant cancer that occurs in the bone marrow. More common in skull, spine, rib cage, pelvis and legs.
  • Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature and limb, joint and hip abnormalities which become evident from two to 10 years.
  • Muscle spasm: A muscle spasm is a sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle, a group of muscles, or a hollow organ, or a similarly sudden contraction of an orifice.
  • Muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, autosomal recessive, type 2H: An autosomal recessive form of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy where muscle weakness and atrophy is caused by mutations of the TRIM32 protein.
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Myelitis: Spinal cord inflammation.
  • Myelography: A test used to screen whole spinal cord and cauda equina for compressive or expanding lesions
  • Myeloma: A primary malignancy of the plasma cells
  • Myopathy, X-linked with postural muscle atrophy: An inherited, adult-onset muscle disease where the postural muscles become progressively weak and wasted while other muscles become enlarged. During early adulthood, patients tend to have an athletic build and muscle symptoms tend to start during the fourth decade of life. Death usually occurred between the ages of 40 and 75 years of age due to involvement of the heart.
  • Neck conditions: Any condition that affects the neck
  • Neck injury: Any injury that occurs to the neck
  • Nerve conditions: Any condition that affects the nerves
  • Nerve sheath neoplasm: Tumors that develop from the protective sheath surrounding nerves. There are two types of nerve sheath tumors: schwannomas and neurofibromas. They most often occur around the spinal cord. Symptoms are determined by the size and exact location of the tumor.
  • Neuroectodermal tumors primitive: A type of brain tumor that consists of small round cells and is believed to originate from primitive nerve cells in the brain. Symptoms are determined by the exact location of the tumor.
  • Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix: A rare form of cervical cancer which tends to be quite aggressive.
  • Neurofibroma: A benign tumor that originates from nerve cells. The tumors usually arise from nerves in the skin or just under the skin.
  • Non functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor: A tumor of the pancreas that does not result in an increased hormone production but can cause symptoms when the tumor becomes big enough to push against other structures. The tumor may be malignant or benign.
  • OSMED, Homozygous: A very rare condition characterized mainly by bone malformations, hearing loss and facial anomalies.@
  • Obesity: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Obstructive nephropathy: A condition which is characterized by obstructive of the urinary tract resulting in kidney disease and dysfunction
  • Occult spinal dysraphism: A rare disorder characterized by progressive neurological deterioration due to compression of the spinal cord in the spine.
  • Occupational vibrational exposure: Exposure to vibration can cause a variety of health problems such as back pain, blood vessel problems and nerve conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome. This sort of exposure most often occurs in outdoor occupations such as farming, construction, forestry and transportation. Vibration may involve the whole body (e.g. driving forklifts) or only one or two limbs (e.g. using power tools).
  • Olanzapine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Olanzapine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Oophoritis: Ovary inflammation
  • Opioid withdrawal: Symptoms that occur when opioid use is discontinued or reduced. Symptoms may vary depending on the level of dependence. Opioids includes heroin, methadone and codeine.
  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition characterised by mechanical disrturbances due to degradation of joints. It is the most common form of arthritis, and the leading cause of chronic disability.
  • Osteoid Osteoma: Benign bone tumor usually in long bones
  • Osteomalacia: A condition where the bones gradually soften and bend due to poor calcification stemming from a lack or impaired metabolism of vitamin D.
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Osteoporosis: Bone thinning and weakening from bone calcium depletion.
  • Oto-spondylo-megaepiphyseal dysplasia, autosomal recessive: A very rare condition characterized mainly by bone malformations, hearing loss and facial anomalies.@
  • Oto-spondylo-megaepiphyseal dysplasia, homozygous: A very rare condition characterized mainly by bone malformations, hearing loss and facial anomalies.@
  • Otospondylomegaepiphyseal dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder where abnormal bone growth causes hearing loss, skeletal abnormalities and characteristic facial features.
  • Ovarian Cancer: Cancer of the ovaries.
  • Ovarian carcinosarcoma: A type of ovarian cancer.
  • Oxcarbazepine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Oxcarbazepine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Paget's disease of bone: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile.
  • Paget's disease, type 1: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile. Type 1 is caused by a mutation on chromosome 6p21.3.
  • Paget's disease, type 4: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile. Type 1 is caused by a mutation on chromosome 5q31.
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Pancreatic Acinar Cell Tumors: Pancreatic acinar cell tumors are a rare type of tumor that develops from acinar cells in the pancreas. Normal acinar cells secrete enzymes and hence acinar cells in the tumor will also usually secrete additional enzymes - mostly lipase. This type of tumor usually occurs in old age.
  • Pancreatic cancer: Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the pancreas
  • Pancreatic cancer, adult: Cancer that develops in the tissues of the pancreas. The pancreas produces digestive juices and certain hormones such as insulin that regulate sugar levels in the body and tumors can in some cases causes excessive hormone secretion.
  • Pancreatic carcinoma, familial: Cancer (malignant) that develops in the pancreas and tends to run in families. The pancreas produces digestive juices and certain hormones such as insulin that regulate sugar levels in the body.
  • Pancreatic inflammation: Pancreatic inflammation refers to swelling, tenderness, and irritation of the pancreas.
  • Pancreatic islet cell tumors (non-functioning tumor): A tumor that arises from the pancreatic islet cells and may involve cells that produce excess pancreatic hormones.
  • Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Papillary renal cell carcinoma: A type of kidney tumor characterized by the development of finger-like projections in at least some of the tumor. It can be inherited in a familial pattern or occur sporadically.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Infection of the womb and fallopian tubes.
  • Pelvic abscess: A pus-filled cavity in the pelvis due to infection.
  • Peptic Ulcer: Ulcer on the lining of the stomach or duodenum
  • Perforated ulcer: is a very serious condition where an untreated ulcer can burn through the wall of the stomach (or other areas of the gastrointestinal tract), allowing digestive juices and food to leech into the abdominal cavity
  • Pindolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Pindolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Plendil -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Plendil (an antihypertensive drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Polycystic kidney disease: Genetic kidney disease causing kidney cysts.
  • Polycystic kidney disease, adult type: A rare condition where cysts in the kidney grow and cause the kidney to become larger and reduce it's ability to function. PKD 2 is an autosomal dominant form of the disease and differs from PKD 1 in that it is less severe and is caused by a mutation in a different gene.
  • Polycystic kidney disease, infantile type: Severe form of polycystic kidney disease which is a genetic kidney disease. Symptoms develop very early in life and may even be present during the fetal stage.
  • Polycystic kidney disease, type 2: A rare condition where cysts in the kidney grow and cause the kidney to become larger and reduce it's ability to function. This adult form of the condition is milder than the infantile form.
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica: A condition characterized by muscle pain and stiffness, fatigue and fever. It is often associated with giant-cell arteritis which is a related but more serious condition.
  • Porphyria: A group of disorders characterized by excess production of porphyrin or its precursors which affects the skin and/or nervous system.
  • Possible human carcinogenic exposure -- Medroxyprogesterone acetate: Some evidence indicates that exposure to Medroxyprogesterone acetate has a possible link to an increased risk of developing cancer in humans. The carcinogenicity of the substance may be influenced by the duration and level of exposure.
  • Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis: Kidney complication (glomerulonephritis) following streptococcal infection
  • Pregnancy: The condition of supporting a fetus from conception till birth.
  • Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis: Osteoporosis in pregnancy is a very rare disorder.
  • Premenstrual syndrome: Condition with cyclic symptoms related to menstruation.
  • Progressive Supranuclear Palsy: A disorder characterized by reduced motor control, dementia and eye movement problems.
  • Prostate Cancer: Cancer of the prostate.
  • Prostate cancer, familial: An inherited form of prostate cancer where cancer cells develop in the prostate tissue in males.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 1: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q24-q25 and is inherited in a dominant manner.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 10: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 10 is linked to a defect on chromosome 8q24.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 11: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 11 is linked to a defect on chromosome 17p12.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 12: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 12 is linked to a defect on chromosome 2p15.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 13: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 13 is linked to a defect on chromosome 10q11.2.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 14: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 14 is linked to a defect on chromosome 11q13.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 15: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 15 is linked to a defect on chromosome 19q13.4.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 2: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 17p11.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 3: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome 20q13.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 4: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 4 is linked to a defect on chromosome 7p11-q21.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 5: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 5 is linked to a defect on chromosome 3p26.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 6: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 6 is linked to a defect on chromosome 22q12.3.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 7: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 7 is linked to a defect on chromosome 15q12.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 8: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 8 is linked to a defect on chromosome 1q42.2-q43.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, 9: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. Type 9 is linked to a defect on chromosome 17q21-q22.
  • Prostate cancer, hereditary, X-linked 2: Many forms of prostate cancer are due to inherited defect on a chromosome. X-linked type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome Xp11.22.
  • Prostatitis: Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland, in men.
  • Psoriasis: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition where the defective immune system causes skin cells to grow rapidly. It affects a significant number of people. Arthritis, which can be severe, is associated with the psoriasis in up to a third of cases. Not all patients who are susceptible to the condition will develop it - roughly 10% of those susceptible will actually develop the condition. There are various environmental factors which can trigger the onset of the disease e.g. strep throat (common trigger), some medication, stress and cold weather. Once the disease develops, it may resolve on its own or with treatment or may become a persistent chronic condition. The severity and duration of symptoms is variable.
  • Putti-Chavany syndrome: Irritation of one of the sciatic nerves which causes back and foot pain followed by reduced pain and paralysis and sensory abnormalities in the foot.
  • Pyelonephritis: Kidney and ureter infection usually bacterial from the bladder.
  • Radiculopathy: A condition characterized by disease of the nerve roots
  • Reflux nephropathy: A condition which is characterized by reflux of urine from the bladder back up the ureters
  • Reiterís syndrome: A form of reactive arthritis characterized by arthritis, urethritis, conjunctivitis and skin lesions.
  • Renal abscess: A pus-filled cavity that develops in the kidney as a result of inflammation. The inflammation may result from other purulent infections in the body. It is most common in young adults.
  • Renal cancer: Cancer (malignant) of the kidneys. The kidneys are organs that make certain hormones and remove waste from the blood and turning it into urine.
  • Renal cancer, familial: A genetic form of kidney cancer that tends to run in families.
  • Renal colic: Severe urinary system pain usually from a urinary stone
  • Renal pelvis and ureter, transitional cell cancer: Cancer that develops in certain cells that make up the ureter and renal pelvis. The ureter is a tube that connects the kidney to the bladder and the renal pelvis is a part of the kidney. Transitional cells line the inside of the renal pelvis and the ureter.
  • Renal tubular transport disorders, inborn: Genetic defects in the transporters and channels along the kidney tubules that help to regulate body fluids as well as defects in the receptors and enzymes involved in the process. Examples of such disorders include nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and hereditary renal hypouricemia. Symptoms are determined by the exact nature of the disorder.
  • Retroperitoneal fibrosis: A rare disorder involving the formation of a fibrous mass of tissue in the hollow space at the back of the abdomen. The mass can affect the flow of urine to the kidneys and may also affect other abdominal organs.
  • Rheumatism: Rheumatism is a colloquial term used to describe a range of conditions which are considered to be rheumatalogical disorders. These may include conditions affecting the heart, lung, bones, joint, kidney and skin.
  • Rib Tumor: The presence of tumour growth in the ribs, whether due to primary malignancies e.g. leukaemic or myeloma infiltration of the bone marrow, or due to secondary bony metastases from another site e.g. lung or breast.
  • Rickets: A rare condition where a lack of Vitamin D results in bone disease as it is essential for the process of bone calcification.
  • Rickettsia: A self limiting condition that is transmitted by mites
  • Rift Valley Fever: Mosquito-borne viral infection affecting animals and humans
  • Ritter syndrome: A rare infantile skin disorder involving severe redness, inflammation, blistering and peeling of skin and mucous membranes which can result from a variety of infections, malignancies and drugs.
  • Ruptured intervertebral disk: A herniated nucleus pulposus is a slipped disk along the spinal cord.
  • SAPHO syndrome: A rare disorder involving skin (acne, pustulosis), bone (hyperostosis, osteitis) and joint problems.
  • Salpingitis: Inflammation of the fallopian tubes
  • Scapulocostal syndrome: Pain in the back and or shoulder that may involve other parts of the arms or chest. The cause is unknown but may be a result of postural problems.
  • Scheuermann's disease: A rare disorder that causes abnormal spine development during adolescence and results in a rounded appearance to the back.
  • Sciatica: Sciatica is a set of symptoms including pain that may be caused by general compression and/or irritation of one of five nerve roots that give rise to the sciatic nerve, or by compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve itself.
  • Scoliosis: Sideways curvature of the spine
  • Secondary Bone Cancer: Tumour development in bone as a result of spread from a primary malignant tumour from another body site (usually lung bronchus, breast and prostate)
  • Senior health conditions: Medical conditions affecting seniors, male or female.
  • Septic abortion: An abortion associated with a uterine infection. The infection can occur during or just before or after an abortion. The infection can result from factors such as Chlamydia, IUD's or attempted abortion using infected tools.
  • Seronegative spondyloarthropathy: Spondyloarthropathy that is negative to rheumatoid facotr
  • Shingles: Infectious viral infection occuring years after chickenpox infection.
  • Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by red blood cells which are crescent-shaped rather than the normal doughnut shape. These abnormally shaped red blood cells are unable to function normally and tend to undergo premature destruction which leads to anemia. If the genetic defect which causes the condition is inherited from both parents the condition can be quite severe whereas if it is inherited from only one parent, often there are no symptoms. The abnormally shaped red blood cells can cause problems when they clump together and block blood vessels.
  • Sickle cell crisis: A condition which is characterized by either a hemolytic crisis or vaso-occlusive crisis
  • Simvastatin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Simvastatin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Solitary Plasmacytoma of Bone: A type of cancer from plasma cells where the plasma cells multiply uncontrollably. It can occur in the bone or in soft tissue. If the cancer is located in only one part of the body it is called a solitary plasmacytoma and if there are multiple sites it is called a multiple myeloma. Symptoms will vary depending on the location of the cancer. Bone plasmacytomas generally tend to cause localized pain and even pathological fractures if the bone has been significantly weakened due to the tumor.
  • Somatoform Disorders: A disorder that is characterised by multiple somatic complaints
  • Spastic paraplegia 25, autosomal recessive: A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by progressive weakness of the lower legs. The condition also involves herniation of spinal discs.
  • Spastic paraplegia 4, autosomal dominant: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive stiffness and increased reflexes in the leg muscles. The severity of the condition is very variable as is the age of onset.
  • Spastic pelvic floor syndrome: A condition where the pelvic floor muscles contract instead of relaxing during straining which blocks the rectum during defecation and can affect urination.
  • Spinal AVM: Spinal AVM's refers to a group of abnormal blood vessels (arteries and veins) in the spinal canal. The severity of symptoms depends on the size and growth of the blood vessel malformation. Severe complications such as paralysis can result if the malformed blood vessels rupture and bleed.
  • Spinal Arthritis: Inflammation of the spine joints. The inflammation can be the result of such things as degenerative joint disease, gout, infection, trauma and autoimmune conditions.
  • Spinal Cord Disorders: Any condition that affects the spinal cord
  • Spinal Cord Tumor: Cancer of the spinal cord or central nervous system.
  • Spinal conditions: Any condition that affects the spine
  • Spinal fracture: A fracture of one or multiple bony vertebrae
  • Spinal pain and rigidity: Usually occurs due to simple reasons such lack of exercise or may involve something as complicated such as metastatic spread of carcinoma breast to the vertebrae.
  • Spinal stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal cavity around the spinal cord.
  • Spondylarthritis: Inflammation of one or more spine joints.
  • Spondylitis: Inflammation of one or multiple bony vertebrae of the spine
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature and skeletal abnormalities which are usually not apparent before 12 years.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda, autosomal dominant: A rare genetic disorder where abnormal bone development primarily involves the spine and epiphyses (end of long bones where growth occurs).
  • Spondylolisthesis: A condition in which 2 or more vertebra may slide backwards or forwards on each other.
  • Spondylosis: Spinal degeneration of the discs or spinal joints
  • Sports Injuries: Any condition that has resulted from injury to a part of the body due to participation in a sporting activity
  • Staphylococcal infection: Any infection caused by the bacteria staphylococcal
  • Stones: The formation of consolidations that are stone like in nature
  • Strain: Muscle or tendon injury; compare sprain
  • Stress: Emotional stress (sometimes refers to physical stress)
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage: Brain bleeding in the subarachnoid area
  • Sucralfate -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Sucralfate during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Swayback: A spinal deformity where the spin curves inward. The condition may be caused by tightness in the lower back muscles, pregnancy and excessive abdominal size or vertebral abnormality. The curvature can be noted as a gap between the lower back and the floor when a person lays face-down on a flat surface.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Syringomyelia: Spinal cord cysts
  • Tacrolimus -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Tacrolimus during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Tarlov cysts: Development of a cyst in the spinal nerve. Symptoms can be asymptomatic or severe depending on the size and location of the cyst.
  • Tethered Spinal Cord Syndrome: Spinal cord condition from abnormally stretched spinal cord.
  • Thalidomide -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Thalidomide during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Timolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Timolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Transfusion Reaction: The allergic reaction to the transfusion of blood products to a person
  • Transitional cell carcinoma: A type of cancer that occurs in the lining of the urinary system organs (renal pelvis, bladder or ureter).
  • Transverse myelitis: Inflammation of the spinal cord which results in various neurological and muscle symptoms. The inflammation can occur for no obvious reason or may result from a virus, bacterial infection, autoimmune disease or vaccination. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the location and degree of inflammation.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis: A rare disorder characterized by neurological degeneration and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Type A influenza subtype H1: The H1 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause serious illness and result in pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Type I spinal osteoporosis: Spinal osteoporosis is rarely diagnosed until spinal bones have broken. These breaks occur at the weakest points of the spinal column.
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
  • Upper back pain: Pain in the upper back region
  • Upper back sprain: Damage to ligaments in the upper back.
  • Urinary tract infections: Infection of the urinary system; usually bacterial.
  • Urinary tract infections (child): Infection of the urinary system in children.
  • Uterine Cancer: Cancer of the uterus.
  • Uterine fibroids: Benign nodules in the uterus wall.
  • Uterine prolapse: Prolapse of the uterus into the wrong position
  • Vaginal atresia: A birth defect where the vagina is blocked off to varying degrees. It is often associated with syndromes such as Bardet-Biedl syndrome, Fraser syndrome and Rokitansky-Mayer-Juster-Hauser syndrome.
  • Vertebral fracture: A fracture of the vertebra of the back
  • Vipoma: A rare disorder caused by an increase in secretion of vasoactive intestinal peptide by the pancreas. The syndrome is often caused by an islet-cell tumor (except for beta cells) in the pancreas.
  • Vitamin C Overdose: Symptoms occurring due to the ingestion of an amount of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in excess of recommended doses or prolonged chewing of vitamin C supplement tablets; overdose is rare except in people with predisposing conditions as ascorbic acid is non-toxic.
  • Weil's syndrome: Severe form of Leptospirosis
  • Whiplash: Neck injury often from a car accident.
  • Whiplash Injuries: An injury to the neck when the neck is rapidly forced backward and then forwards or vice versa. It most commonly occurs in vehicle accidents when the vehicle is stopped abruptly or pushed forwards suddenly.
  • Whipple's Disease: Rare malabsorption disease from bacterial digestive infection
  • Xiphoid syndrome: Pain and discomfort that occurs in the lowest portion of the sternum called the xiphoid process. The symptoms may occur sporadically or be associated with conditions such as heart disease, gallbladder disease and bone disease. Certain movements (bending, lifting) or eating large meals may precipitate an attack.
  • Yaws: A rare infections disease caused by the spiral-shaped bacteria Treponema pertenue. The disease consists of three phases: skin lesions are followed by bone, joint and widespread skin symptoms and finally by inflammation and destruction of cartilage in the nose, pharynx and palate. Transmission can be through direct contact with infected skin, insect bites or sex.

 

By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise