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Diseases » Bartter Syndrome » Glossary
 

Glossary for Bartter Syndrome

  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Congenital metabolic disorders: Congenital (birth) defects affecting any metabolic systems.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Gitelman syndrome: A rare, relatively mild, genetic kidney disorder that causes hypokalemia. The defective gene (NCCT) impairs the function of the Na-Cl cotransporter.
  • Hypokalaemia: Decreased concentration of potassium in the blood
  • Hypokalemia: Low levels of potassium in the body.
  • Kidney conditions: Any condition affecting the kidney organs.
  • Mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism, diabetes and facial and skull abnormalities.
  • Metabolic disorders: Disorders that affect the metabolic system in human
  • Nephrocalcinosis: A condition characterized by calcium salt deposits in the kidneys which may affect it's ability to function. The condition refers to a generally increased level of calcium in the kidneys rather than actual localized deposits such as occurs in kidney stones. It may be caused by such things as high blood calcium levels and tuberculosis. The condition often goes unnoticed until kidney or urinary tract stones form.
  • Polydipsia: This is where there is a chronic excessive thirst that is also accompanied by excessive fluid intake
  • Polyuria: Excessive urination during pregnancy.
  • Prostaglandins: are potent but have a short half life. They cause constriction or dilation in the vascular smooth cells, aggregation of platelets and also regulate the calcium movement
  • Sensorineural hearing loss: Hearing loss due to abnormal functioning or damage to the hearing nerve or the cochlea (inner ear) or the part of the brain that processes sound. The hearing problem may be present at birth or may be acquired through such things as aging, excessive noise or diseases such as meningitis.
  • Urinary system conditions: Medical conditions affecting urination, urinary organs or the urinary system.
  • Wohlmann-Caglkar syndrome: A kidney abnormality that can occur in infants.

 

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