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Diseases » Bedwetting » Glossary
 

Glossary for Bedwetting

  • Abuse dwarfism syndrome: Retarded growth, intelligence and social behavior due to child abuse. The child abuse can take the form of mental or physical cruelty or neglect.
  • Allergic tension-fatigue syndrome: Variable symptoms caused by food allergy.
  • Alsing syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by kidney problems, skeletal abnormalities and a hole in the coloboma of the eye.
  • Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension, and fear without apparent stimulus that is associated sometime with somatic responses
  • Bladder conditions: Any condition affecting the bladder
  • Bladder obstruction: Bladder obstruction can be acute or chronic.
  • Bladder symptoms: Symptoms related to the bladder and urination.
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease: Long-term and generally irreversible disease of the kidneys due to infection, obstruction, congenital diseases or generalised diseases causing failure of the kidneys' normal functions.
  • Congenital giant megaureter: A rare condition where the patient is born with an abnormally dilated ureter. The anomaly is often associated with other defects or anomalies. The severity of the anomaly is variable.
  • Cystitis: Bladder infection or inflammation
  • Developmental problems: Physical or mental development difficulty.
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Diabetes Insipidus: Rare pituitary disorder often affecting the kidneys.
  • Diabetes insipidus primary central: A rare dominantly inherited form of diabetes insipidus. It is caused by the progressive degeneration of a part of the hypothalamus which reduces the production of a hormone called arginine vasopressin.
  • Emotional disorders: A disorder of emotions
  • Emotional symptoms: Symptoms affecting the emotions.
  • Encopresis: Faecal incontinence by a child older than 4 years of age
  • Epilepsy: Brain condition causing seizures or spasms.
  • Food allergies: Immune over-reaction to an eaten food.
  • Hinman syndrome: A bladder condition where the bladder is emptied infrequently due to voiding problems. During voiding, the sphincter muscle is contracted which obstructs the outflow of the urine which can cause enlarged urinary tract and even kidney failure in severe cases. The disorder usually affects children but some cases persist into adulthood where they present with urination difficulty, bladder emptying problems or kidney failure. As urine is frequently retained, bacterial infections are common. The disorder is believed to have psychogenic origins possibly due to fear of punishment if bedwetting occurs or some other sort of stress such as family breakup. Usually the child's initial toilet training is satisfactory.
  • Hydronephrosis with Peculiar Facies: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by an unusual face and abnormalities in organs involved with urination.
  • Hypercalciuria, childhood idiopathic: A rare disorder occurring in children for no detectable reason where excess calcium is excreted through the urine resulting in the development of stones in the urinary tract.
  • Inverted smile -- occult nephropathic bladder: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by an unusual face and abnormalities in organs involved with urination.
  • Juvenile nephronophthisis: A rare inherited kidney disorder characterized by formation of cysts inside the kidney, kidney fibrosis and tubular atrophy which leads to progressive kidney failure.
  • Mixed apnea: Mixed apnea is a combination of central and obstructive apnea and is seen particularly in infants or young children who have abnormal control of breathing.
  • Night terror: Night terror is a parasomnia disorder characterized by extreme terror and a temporary inability to regain full consciousness.
  • Nocturnal enuresis: A condition which is characterized by bed wetting
  • Obstructive sleep apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is characterized by episodic upper airway obstruction that occurs during sleep.
  • Paraplegia: Paralysis of legs and sometimes lower body
  • Parasomnia: Parasomnia are a category of sleep disorders that involve abnormal and unnatural movements, behaviors, emotions, perceptions, and dreams that occur while falling asleep, sleeping, between sleep stages, or arousal from sleep.
  • Pelvic conditions: Any medical condition affecting the pelvic region.
  • Polyembryoma: An aggressive type of tumor that develops from germ cells. It occurs mainly in the ovaries but sometimes in the testes.
  • Polyuria: Excessive urination during pregnancy.
  • Posterior valve, urethra: A congenital defect where there is an abnormal membrane in the back of the male urethra which affects urine flow. The urine can flow back through the valve and cause problems for organs such as the urethra, bladder, ureters and even the kidneys. The severity of the condition is determined by the severity of the malformation. Severe defects can cause fetal death and mild defects may cause incontinence.
  • Psychiatric disorders: Any condition that affects ones mind
  • Psychological disorders: Any condition that affects ones mind
  • Pyelonephritis: Kidney and ureter infection usually bacterial from the bladder.
  • Secondary Reflux: A urological abnormality where some of the urine flows from the bladder back into the kidneys. Vesicoureteral reflux may result from secondary causes such as a urinary tract blockage but primary vesicoureteral reflex results from a genetic defect which affects the development of the ureterovesical junction.
  • Senior-Loken Syndrome: A rare inherited disorder characterized by kidney dysfunction and progressive eye disease.
  • Senior-Loken syndrome 1: A rare inherited disorder characterized by kidney dysfunction and progressive eye disease. Type 1 is caused by a chromosomal defect on chromosome 2q13. End stage kidney disease usually occurs early in the second decade.
  • Senior-Loken syndrome 3: A rare inherited disorder characterized by kidney dysfunction and progressive eye disease. Type 3 is caused by a chromosomal defect on chromosome 3q22. This form generally has an early onset.
  • Senior-Loken syndrome 4: A rare inherited disorder characterized by kidney dysfunction and progressive eye disease. Type 4 is caused by a chromosomal defect on chromosome 1p36.
  • Senior-Loken syndrome 5: A rare inherited disorder characterized by kidney dysfunction and progressive eye disease. Type 5 is caused by a chromosomal defect on chromosome 3q21.1. This form generally has a later onset.
  • Senior-Loken syndrome 6: A rare inherited disorder characterized by kidney dysfunction and progressive eye disease. Type 6 is caused by a chromosomal defect on chromosome 12q21.3. End stage kidney disease usually occurs early in the second decade and vision impairment occurs by 3 years of age.
  • Sleep apnea: Childhood obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is characterized by episodic upper airway obstruction that occurs during sleep.
  • Spina bifida: A birth defect where the spinal vertebrae do not completely enclose the spinal cord often resulting in various degrees of nerve damage.
  • Stress: Emotional stress (sometimes refers to physical stress)
  • Timme syndrome: A syndrome involving insufficiency of the thymus, adrenal and pituitary glands. The disorder has involves three phases, each of which has varying symptoms: phase 1 is before puberty, phase 2 occurs after puberty and phase 3 tends to occur in the third decade.
  • Type 2 diabetes: Most common diabetes in adults, usually progressing slowly, mostly treated without insulin at diagnosis.
  • Urinary Incontinence: Reduced ability to control urine flow.
  • Urinary disorders: Any disorder that affects the urinary system
  • Urinary incontinence: Reduced ability to control urine flow.
  • Urinary incontinence in children: Any urinary incontinence that occurs in children
  • Urinary system conditions: Medical conditions affecting urination, urinary organs or the urinary system.
  • Urinary tract infection: Bladder infection or inflammation
  • Urinary tract infections: Infection of the urinary system; usually bacterial.
  • Urofacial syndrome: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by an unusual face and abnormalities in organs involved with urination.
  • Vesicoureteral Reflux 1: A urological abnormality where some of the urine flows from the bladder back into the kidneys. Vesicoureteral reflux may result from secondary causes such as a urinary tract blockage but primary vesicoureteral reflex results from a genetic defect which affects the development of the ureterovesical junction. Type 1 is linked to a defect in chromosome 1p13 and type 2 is linked to a defect in chromosome 3p12.3. A significant number of children (up to a third) who develop urinary tract infections have vesicoureteral reflux.
  • Vesicoureteral Reflux 2: A urological abnormality where some of the urine flows from the bladder back into the kidneys. Vesicoureteral reflux may result from secondary causes such as a urinary tract blockage but primary vesicoureteral reflex results from a genetic defect which affects the development of the ureterovesical junction. Type 1 is linked to a defect in chromosome 1p13 and type 2 is linked to a defect in chromosome 3p12.3. A significant number of children (up to a third) who develop urinary tract infections have vesicoureteral reflux.
  • Vesicoureteral reflux: Reverse flow of urine from bladder back into kidneys.

 

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