Symptoms of Behcet's Disease
Symptoms of Behcet's Disease: Introduction
The types and severity of symptoms of Behcet's disease vary depending on the blood vessels affected. Almost any blood vessel in the body, including small to large arteries and veins, can become inflamed and cause symptoms. Manifestations can appear in many areas of the body and run the gamut from mild to severe, and some complications can be serious, even life-threatening.
The most common sites of symptoms and complication include the eye, mouth, brain, skin, lungs, joints, genitals, and gastrointestinal tract.
Symptoms of Behcet's disease include painful sores that can develop and recur in the mouth, on the skin, in the gastrointestinal tract, and on both the male and female genitals. Joint pain and arthritis can occur as well.
Symptoms in the eye can include anterior uveitis, which results in blurred vision, redness of the eye, sensitivity to light, and tearing. Posterior uveitis can also occur and may result in permanent damage to the retina and blindness.
Other serious complications include the development of aneurysms in the lung, which can rupture and lead to uncontrolled bleeding or hemorrhage, shock, and death. Behcet's disease can also affect the brain resulting in headache, confusion, personality changes, and stroke. It can also lead to an inflammation of the protective layer that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. This is called meningitis....more about Behcet's Disease »
Symptoms of Behcet's Disease
The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources
for Behcet's Disease includes the 59
symptoms listed below:
Research symptoms & diagnosis of Behcet's Disease:
Behcet's Disease: Symptom Checkers
Review the available symptom checkers for these symptoms of Behcet's Disease:
Behcet's Disease: Symptom Assessment Questionnaires
Review the available Assessment Questionnaires for the symptoms of Behcet's Disease:
Behcet's Disease: Complications
Review medical complications possibly associated with Behcet's Disease:
Diagnostic testing of medical conditions related to Behcet's Disease:
Research More About Behcet's Disease
Do I have Behcet's Disease?
Wrongly Diagnosed with Behcet's Disease?
The list of other diseases or medical conditions
that may be on the differential diagnosis list of alternative diagnoses
for Behcet's Disease includes:
See the full list of 18
Behcet's Disease: Research Doctors & Specialists
Research all specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.
More about symptoms of Behcet's Disease:
More information about symptoms of Behcet's Disease and related conditions:
Other Possible Causes of these Symptoms
Click on any of the symptoms below to see a full list
of other causes including diseases, medical conditions, toxins, drug interactions,
or drug side effect causes of that symptom.
Article Excerpts About Symptoms of Behcet's Disease:
NINDS Behcet's Disease Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)
of Behcet's disease include recurrent oral ulcers (resembling canker
sores), recurrent genital ulcers, and eye inflammation. The disorder may
also cause various types of skin lesions, arthritis, bowel inflammation,
and meningitis (inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal
(Source: excerpt from NINDS Behcet's Disease Information Page: NINDS)
Questions and Answers About Behcets Disease: NIAMS (Excerpt)
BehÁetís disease affects each person differently. Some
people have only mild symptoms, such as skin sores or ulcers in the
mouth or on the genitals. Others have more severe disease, such as
meningitis or inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and
spinal cord. Meningitis can cause fever, a stiff neck, and headaches.
More severe symptoms usually appear months or years after a person
notices the first signs of BehÁetís disease. Symptoms can last for a
long time or can come and go in a few weeks. Typically, symptoms appear,
disappear, then reappear. The times when a person is having symptoms are
called flares. To help the doctor diagnose BehÁetís disease and monitor
its course, patients may want to keep a record of the symptoms that
occur and when they occur. Because many conditions mimic BehÁetís
disease, physicians must observe symptoms to make an accurate diagnosis.
The four most common symptoms of BehÁetís disease are mouth sores,
genital sores, inflammation of parts of the eye, and arthritis.
- Mouth soresóMouth sores (known as oral aphthosis and
aphthous stomatitis) affect almost all patients with BehÁetís disease.
They are often the first symptom that a person notices and may occur
long before any other symptoms appear. The sores usually have a red
border and several may appear at the same time. They can be painful
and make eating difficult. Mouth sores go away in 10 to 14 days but
often come back. Small sores usually heal without scarring, but larger
ones may scar.
- Genital soresóAffecting more that half of all people with
BehÁetís disease, most genital sores appear on the scrotum in men and
vulva in women. The sores look similar to mouth sores and may be
painful. After several outbreaks, they may cause scarring.
- Uveitis (yoo.vee.EYE.tis)óInflammation of the middle part
of the eye (the uvea), including the iris, occurs in more than half of
all people with BehÁetís disease. This symptom is more common among
men than women and typically begins within 2 years of the first
symptoms. Eye inflammation can cause blurred vision and, rarely, pain
and redness. Because partial loss of vision or blindness can result if
the eye frequently becomes inflamed, patients should report these
symptoms to their doctor immediately.
- ArthritisóInflammation of the joints occurs in more than
half of all patients with BehÁetís disease. Arthritis causes pain,
swelling, and stiffness in the joints, especially the knees, ankles,
wrists, and elbows. Arthritis that results from BehÁetís disease
usually lasts a few weeks and does not cause permanent damage to the
In addition to mouth and genital sores, eye inflammation,
and arthritis, BehÁetís disease may cause other skin problems, blood
clots, and inflammation in the central nervous system and digestive
BehÁetís disease causes various skin sores that look like
red bumps on a black-and-blue mark. The sores are red, raised, and
typically appear on the legs and upper torso. In some people, sores or
lesions may appear when the skin is scratched or pricked. When doctors
suspect that a person may have BehÁetís disease, they may perform a test
called pathergy in which they prick the skin with a small needle: 1 to 2
days after the test, people with BehÁetís disease may develop a bump
where the doctor pricked the skin. Doctors disagree about the usefulness
of a pathergy test because BehÁetís patients in the United States rarely
have a skin reaction. However, more than half of the patients in Middle
Eastern countries and Japan do have a reaction.
About 10 percent of patients with BehÁetís disease have
blood clots resulting from inflammation in the veins (thrombophlebitis),
usually in the legs. Symptoms include pain and tenderness in the
affected area, which may also be swollen and warm. Because
thrombophlebitis can have severe complications, people should report
symptoms to their doctor immediately. A few patients may experience
artery problems such as aneurysms (a stretching or expanding of a
weakened blood vessel).
Central Nervous System
BehÁetís disease affects the central nervous system in
about 10 percent of all patients with the disease. The central nervous
system includes the brain and spinal cord and helps the body to
coordinate movements and process information. BehÁetís disease can cause
meningoencephalitisó inflammation of the brain and the thin membrane
that covers and protects it. People with meningoencephalitis may have
fever, headache, stiff neck, and difficulty coordinating movement, and
should report any of these symptoms to their doctor immediately. If this
condition is left untreated, a stroke can result.
Only rarely does BehÁetís disease cause inflammation and
ulceration (sores) in the digestive tract and lead to stomach pain,
diarrhea, constipation, and vomiting. Because these symptoms are very
similar to symptoms of other diseases of the digestive tract, such as a
peptic ulcer, ulcerative colitis, and especially Crohnís disease,
careful evaluation is essential. (Source: excerpt from Questions and Answers About Behcets Disease: NIAMS)
Behcet's Disease as a Cause of Symptoms or Medical Conditions
When considering symptoms of Behcet's Disease, it is also important to consider Behcet's Disease as a possible cause of other medical conditions.
The Disease Database lists the following medical conditions that Behcet's Disease may cause:
- (Source - Diseases Database)
Symptom statistics for Behcet's Disease:
The following are statistics from various sources
about the symptoms of Behcet's Disease or signs of Behcet's Disease:
- Approximately 15% of people with Behcetís disease have cardiac or pulmonary symptoms (American Behcetís Disease Association)
- more statistics...»
Medical articles and books on symptoms:
These general reference articles may be of interest
in relation to medical signs and symptoms of disease in general:
Full list of premium articles on symptoms and diagnosis
About signs and symptoms of Behcet's Disease:
The symptom information on this page
attempts to provide a list of some possible signs and symptoms of Behcet's Disease.
This signs and symptoms information for Behcet's Disease has been gathered from various sources,
may not be fully accurate,
and may not be the full list of Behcet's Disease signs or Behcet's Disease symptoms.
Furthermore, signs and symptoms of Behcet's Disease may vary on an individual basis for each patient.
Only your doctor can provide adequate diagnosis of any signs or symptoms and whether they
are indeed Behcet's Disease symptoms.