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Diseases » Beta thalassemia » Glossary
 

Glossary for Beta thalassemia

  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Anisocytosis: Variation in red blood cell size, commonly seen in anaemia
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Bone pain: Bone pain or tenderness is aching or other discomfort in one or more bones.
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Congenital conditions -- blood disorders: Congenital medical conditions affecting the blood at birth.
  • Delayed puberty: A lack of sexual maturation in an adolescent at an age significantly higher than the average age that child of that epidemiology attains puberty.
  • Failure to thrive: Slow growth or inadequate weight gain of an infant or child.
  • Gallstones: Stone-like deposits in the gall bladder.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Heart damage: Any damage that occurs to the heart
  • Hemochromatosis: Excess of iron leading to problems with joints, liver, heart and pancreas.
  • Hypersplenism: A condition which is characterized by the exaggeration of blood degrading function of the spleen
  • Liver damage: Any damage that occurs to the function or structure of the liver
  • Osteoporosis: Bone thinning and weakening from bone calcium depletion.
  • Pathological fracture: The occurrence of a fracture a bone of the body caused by a disease state
  • Poor feeding: Poor feeding (mostly in infants)
  • Thalassemia: Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by abnormal synthesis of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin consists of two main protein chains called alpha and beta. There are two subtypes of the disorder (alpha and beta) depending on what portion of the hemoglobin is abnormally synthesized. Each of these subtypes can be further classified depending on the number of thalassemia genes involved. A total of four genes is needed to make each ? protein chains and two genes are needed to make each ? chain. The main symptom is anemia, the severity of which can vary amongst patients depending on how many defective genes are involved.

 

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