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Diseases » Bladder Cancer » Summary
 

What is Bladder Cancer?

What is Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer is a type of malignancy that occurs when there is an uncontrolled growth of cancer cells ...more »

  • Bladder Cancer: Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant growths of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder.
  • Bladder Cancer: Abnormal malignant growth of the cells within the bladder. - 2003
    Source - Diseases Database

Bladder Cancer is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Bladder Cancer, or a subtype of Bladder Cancer, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Bladder Cancer: Introduction

Types of Bladder Cancer:

Types of Bladder Cancer:

  • Type of bladder cell affected:
    • Transitional cell carcinoma (bladder) - more than 90% of cases
    • Squamous cell carcinomas (bladder) - about 8% of cases.
  • Stage of spreading of cancer:
    • Superficial bladder cancer - only in the lining cells; also called "carcinoma in situ".
    • Invasive bladder cancer - moving into the bladder.
    • Stage 0 bladder cancer - "superficial bladder cancer" of the lining cells only.
    • Stage 1 bladder cancer - deeper in the lining of the bladder than Stage 0 but not yet in the bladder muscle wall.
    • Stage 2 bladder cancer - cancer cells in the bladder muscle wall.
    • Stage 3 bladder cancer - spread from bladder muscle wall into local area (e.g. prostate for men, uterus for women)
    • Stage 4 bladder cancer - cancer has spread to the abdominal wall or pelvic, and may have metastasized to other areas (e.g. lungs).
  • Grade of the cancer - the level of "differentiation" of the cells, which affects how quickly they grow.
  • Bladder adenocarcinoma
  • Bladder urachryl tumors
  • Urethral tumors
  • Bladder benign papilloma
  • more types...»

Broader types of Bladder Cancer:

How many people get Bladder Cancer?

Prevalance of Bladder Cancer: bladder cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in men in the US, Genetics Home Reference website
Incidence (annual) of Bladder Cancer: 56,500 annual cases in USA (SEER 2002 estimate)
Incidence Rate of Bladder Cancer: approx 1 in 4,814 or 0.02% or 56,500 people in USA [about data]
Lifetime risk of Bladder Cancer: Lifetime risk of bladder cancer of 1 in 61 men in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

Who gets Bladder Cancer?

Patient Profile for Bladder Cancer: Typically over 40's but any age possible.

Gender Profile for Bladder Cancer: Men 2-3 times more likely than women.

How serious is Bladder Cancer?

Complications of Bladder Cancer: see complications of Bladder Cancer
Survival rate for Bladder Cancer: 47% survival rate for bladder cancer in the UK 2001 (National Statistics – UK Government Census, 2001)
Average life years lost for Bladder Cancer: 10.9 years (SEER)1
Deaths for Bladder Cancer: 11,911 deaths reported in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001)

What causes Bladder Cancer?

Causes of Bladder Cancer: see causes of Bladder Cancer
Risk factors for Bladder Cancer: see risk factors for Bladder Cancer

What are the symptoms of Bladder Cancer?

Symptoms of Bladder Cancer: see symptoms of Bladder Cancer

Complications of Bladder Cancer: see complications of Bladder Cancer

Can anyone else get Bladder Cancer?

Contagion of cancer: generally not; see details in contagion of cancer.

Bladder Cancer: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Bladder Cancer.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Bladder Cancer.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Bladder Cancer: Surgeons, Urologists, Medical oncologists, Radiation oncologists, Urologic oncologists ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Bladder Cancer.
Treatments for Bladder Cancer: see treatments for Bladder Cancer
Alternative treatments for Bladder Cancer: see alternative treatments for Bladder Cancer
Research for Bladder Cancer: see research for Bladder Cancer

Society issues for Bladder Cancer


Hospitalization statistics for Bladder Cancer: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Bladder Cancer:

  • 0.63% (79,934) of hospital consultant episodes were for malignant neoplasm of bladder in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 96% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of bladder required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 75% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of bladder were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 25% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of bladder were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Bladder Cancer:

Organs and body systems related to Bladder Cancer include:

Name and Aliases of Bladder Cancer

Main name of condition: Bladder Cancer

Class of Condition for Bladder Cancer: cancer

Other names or spellings for Bladder Cancer:

Bladder tumor, Cancer of the bladder, urinary bladder cancer, malignant tumor of urinary bladder, Transitional cell carcinoma, Urothelial cell carcinoma

Bladder neoplasm
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Bladder Cancer: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Bladder Cancer:



Footnotes:
1. SEER Cancer Statistics Review 1975-2000, National Cancer Institute (NCI)
 

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