Diagnostic Tests for Bladder Cancer
Bladder Cancer: Diagnostic Tests
The list of diagnostic tests
mentioned in various sources as
used in the diagnosis of Bladder Cancer
Home Diagnostic Testing
These home medical tests may be relevant to Bladder Cancer:
- Colon & Rectal Cancer: Home Testing
- Bladder & Urinary Health: Home Testing:
- more tests »
Tests and diagnosis discussion for Bladder Cancer:
If a patient has symptoms that suggest bladder cancer, the
doctor may check general signs of health and may order lab
tests. The person may have one or more of the following
Physical exam -- The doctor feels the abdomen and
for tumors. The physical exam may include a rectal
Urine tests -- The laboratory checks the urine for
blood, cancer cells, and other signs of disease.
pyelogram -- The doctor injects dye into a blood
vessel. The dye collects in the urine, making the bladder
show up on x-rays .
-- The doctor uses a thin, lighted tube (cystoscope )
to look directly into the bladder. The doctor inserts the
cystoscope into the bladder through the urethra to examine
the lining of the bladder. The patient may need anesthesia
for this procedure.
The doctor can remove samples of tissue with the
cystoscope. A pathologist
then examines the tissue under a microscope. The removal of
tissue to look for cancer cells is called a biopsy .
In many cases, a biopsy is the only sure way to tell whether
cancer is present. For a small number of patients, the doctor
removes the entire cancerous area during the biopsy. For these
patients, bladder cancer is diagnosed and treated in a single
A patient who needs a biopsy may want to ask the
doctor some of the following questions:
Why do I need to have a biopsy?
How long will it take? Will I be awake? Will it
How soon will I know the results?
Are there any risks? What are the chances of
infection or bleeding after the biopsy?
If I do have cancer, who will talk with me about
(Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Bladder Cancer: NCI