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Diseases » Bladder conditions » Glossary
 

Glossary for Bladder conditions

  • Acute (or transient) urinary incontinence: Acute (or Transient) Incontinence is caused by a new or recent medical problem that can be treated.
  • Acute urinary conditions: An acute condition that occurs in the urinary system
  • Acute urinary retention: The acute retention of urine in the bladder, not being able to void
  • Adrenomyodystrophy: A rare genetic disorder characterized by primary adrenal insufficiency, dystrophic myopathy, severe psychomotor retardation and an overly-distended bladder which can cause death.
  • Autoimmune Interstitial Cystitis: Interstitial cystitis caused by an autoimmune reaction
  • BEEC: A rare syndrome characterized by a birth defect where the bladder is inside out and protrudes from the lower abdominal wall. The urethra and genitals are also abnormally formed. The degree of malformation is variable.
  • Bedwetting: is involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which bladder control would normally be anticipated.
  • Bladder Cancer: Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant growths of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder.
  • Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex: A rare disorder characterized by fetal developemental problems involving the urogenital and intestinal tract and resulting in exstrophy of the bowel and bladder.
  • Bladder Incontinence (Pregnancy): Bladder incontinence that occurs during pregnancy
  • Bladder distention: Stretching of the bladder.
  • Bladder diverticulum: A defect where a part of the bladder lining forms a pouch in the muscle wall of the bladder. The defect may be congenital or acquired through conditions such as infection and urinary tract obstruction. The size of the diverticulum will determine the severity of the disorder with mild cases being asymptomatic.
  • Bladder immaturity syndrome: Urinary incontinence that occurs in young girls. Urine leakage can occur during the day or night and can sometimes be due to urinary tract infection.
  • Bladder papilloma: Benign tumor in the bladder
  • Chronic interstitial cystitis:
  • Cloacal exstrophy: A rare disorder characterized by fetal developemental problems involving the urogenital and intestinal tract and resulting in exstrophy of the bowel and bladder.
  • Continuous incontinence: Overflow incontinence is the involuntary release of urine-due to a weak bladder muscle or to blockage-when the bladder becomes overly full, even though the woman feels no urge to urinate.
  • Cystitis: Bladder infection or inflammation
  • Cystocele: Bladder falls down into the vagina.
  • Eosinophilic cystitis: Eosinophilic cystitis is an unusual variant of cystitis that may be characterized by dysuria and hematuria. Biopsy is essential to establish the diagnosis. It usually causes irritative voiding symptoms and hematuria and in its rare tumor-like appearance the disease may mimic an invasive bladder neoplasm.
  • Epidermolysis bullosa: A group of rare inherited skin diseases characterized by fragile skin which forms blisters with even minor injuries. The blisters can be painful and can occur anywhere on the skin and even inside the digestive tract.
  • Exstrophy of the bladder: A rare congenital malformation the bladder is inside out and is protrudes through the wall of the abdomen.
  • Exstrophy of the bladder -- epispadias: A rare fetal development where the bladder is turned inside out and exposed outside the abdomen. The urethral opening is also misplaced. The degree of malformation is variable.
  • Fenwick ulcer: A chronic bladder ulcer. It is most often seen in young healthy males.
  • Haematuria: Blood in the urine
  • Hematuria: Blood in the urine
  • Hinman syndrome: A bladder condition where the bladder is emptied infrequently due to voiding problems. During voiding, the sphincter muscle is contracted which obstructs the outflow of the urine which can cause enlarged urinary tract and even kidney failure in severe cases. The disorder usually affects children but some cases persist into adulthood where they present with urination difficulty, bladder emptying problems or kidney failure. As urine is frequently retained, bacterial infections are common. The disorder is believed to have psychogenic origins possibly due to fear of punishment if bedwetting occurs or some other sort of stress such as family breakup. Usually the child's initial toilet training is satisfactory.
  • Honeymoon Bladder: Urinary tract infection, usually in women, arising from period of frequent sexual intercourse.
  • Hydronephrosis with Peculiar Facies: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by an unusual face and abnormalities in organs involved with urination.
  • Incontinence: The loss of control of ones bowel and or bladder function
  • Interstitial cystitis: A rare condition involving inflammatory disease of the bladder which progresses slowly.
  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction: A digestive disorder where the intestines are unable to contract normally and push food through the digestive system. This results in symptoms similar to an obstruction and hence the name pseudo-obstruction. The walls of the affected gastrointestinal tract becomes thin and the muscles that control its motion start to degenerate.
  • Inverted smile -- occult nephropathic bladder: A very rare inherited disorder characterized by an unusual face and abnormalities in organs involved with urination.
  • Lower limb anomaly -- ureteral obstruction: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by an obstructed ureter and a leg anomaly.
  • Megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome: A rare and usually lethal gastrointestinal disorder involving dysfunction of the bowel and bladder due to abnormalities of the smooth muscle.
  • Neurogenic bladder: Problems with the nerves controlling the bladder and urination.
  • Nocturnal enuresis: A condition which is characterized by bed wetting
  • Overactive Bladder: The urgent need to urinate that is difficult to control. The condition may involve urinary incontinence. The prevalence of the condition increases with age.
  • Overactive bladder/urinary incontinence:
  • Overflow incontinence: In this condition the bladder never completely empties and small amounts of urine leaks continuously.
  • Pelvic conditions: Any medical condition affecting the pelvic region.
  • Proteinuria: Protein in the urine
  • Pyelonephritis: Kidney and ureter infection usually bacterial from the bladder.
  • Schistosomiasis: Parasitic fluke infection in developing countries
  • Selig-Benacerraf-Greene syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized mainly by kidney abnormalities, enlarged bladder due to an obstruction in the urethra and fused legs.
  • Senior health conditions: Medical conditions affecting seniors, male or female.
  • Spastic paraplegia 6, autosomal dominant: A rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive leg spasticity and weakness.
  • Spinal stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal cavity around the spinal cord.
  • Stress incontinence: Stress incontinence is an involuntary loss of urine that occurs during physical activity, such as coughing, sneezing, laughing, or exercise.
  • Suprapubic pain: pain in the lower central part of the abdomen
  • Urachal cancer: A very rare cancer that occurs in the top of the urinary bladder. The urachus is a tube which joins the belly button to the top of the bladder. After birth, this tube gradually disappears and the amount remaining varies from person to person.
  • Urachal cyst: A cyst which occurs in the remnants between the umbilicus and bladder
  • Urban Schosser Spohn syndrome: A condition which is characterised by hereditary mucoepithelial dysplasia
  • Ureter cancer: A malignancy that is located in the ureter
  • Urge incontinence: Urge incontinence involves a strong, sudden need to urinate following which the bladder contracts, leading to urine leakage.
  • Urinary Incontinence: Reduced ability to control urine flow.
  • Urinary disorders: Any disorder that affects the urinary system
  • Urinary incontinence in children: Any urinary incontinence that occurs in children
  • Urinary stones: Stones in the urinary tract or bladder.
  • Urinary system conditions: Medical conditions affecting urination, urinary organs or the urinary system.
  • Urinary tract infections: Infection of the urinary system; usually bacterial.
  • Urinary tract infections (child): Infection of the urinary system in children.
  • Urine retention: Partial or total inability to excrete urine
  • Uterine fibroids: Benign nodules in the uterus wall.
  • Uterine leiomyoma: A condition which is characterized by a benign tumour of the uterus derived from smooth muscle
  • Vaginal fistula: Fistula between vagina and another cavity
  • Vaginitis: Vaginal inflammation or infection of any type.
  • Vesicoureteral Reflux 1: A urological abnormality where some of the urine flows from the bladder back into the kidneys. Vesicoureteral reflux may result from secondary causes such as a urinary tract blockage but primary vesicoureteral reflex results from a genetic defect which affects the development of the ureterovesical junction. Type 1 is linked to a defect in chromosome 1p13 and type 2 is linked to a defect in chromosome 3p12.3. A significant number of children (up to a third) who develop urinary tract infections have vesicoureteral reflux.
  • Vesicoureteral Reflux 2: A urological abnormality where some of the urine flows from the bladder back into the kidneys. Vesicoureteral reflux may result from secondary causes such as a urinary tract blockage but primary vesicoureteral reflex results from a genetic defect which affects the development of the ureterovesical junction. Type 1 is linked to a defect in chromosome 1p13 and type 2 is linked to a defect in chromosome 3p12.3. A significant number of children (up to a third) who develop urinary tract infections have vesicoureteral reflux.
  • Vesicoureteral reflux: Reverse flow of urine from bladder back into kidneys.

 

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