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Glossary for Blood vessel conditions

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm: A weakness and bulging of a section of an abdominal blood vessel called the abdominal aorta. It is usually associated with severe atherosclerosis in the blood vessel.
  • All Disease Categories: All major disease categories
  • Aneurysm: Dangerous ballooning of a weakened area of an artery
  • Aorta conditions: Conditions that affect the aorta
  • Aortic aneurysm: A localised dilatation of the aorta which results in a 50% increase in its diameter
  • Arteritis: Inflammation of an artery
  • Artery conditions: Any conditions affecting arteries
  • Ataxia Telangiectasia: A rare inherited childhood disorder involving progressive degeneration of the nervous system.
  • Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels. It is a chronic inflammatory response in the walls of arteries, in large part due to the accumulation of macrophage white blood cells and promoted by low density (especially small particle) lipoproteins (plasma proteins that carry cholesterol and triglycerides) without adequate removal of fats and cholesterol from the macrophages by functional high density lipoproteins (HDL). It is commonly referred to as a hardening or furring of the arteries. It is caused by the formation of multiple plaques within the arteries.
  • Autoimmune Atherosclerosis: The formation of atherosclerosis through an autoimmune process
  • Autoimmune Urticaria: An itchy rash caused by an autoimmune reaction
  • Autoimmune Vasculitis: A inflammation of the blood vessels caused by an autoimmune reaction
  • Behcet's Disease: Recurring inflammation of small blood vessels affecting various areas.
  • Blood conditions: Conditions that affect the blood
  • Buerger's disease: Buergers's disease is a recurring inflammation and thrombosis (clotting) of small and medium arteries and veins of the hands and feet
  • Cardiovascular Disease: Diseases of the heart or blood vessels including cerebrovascular diseases such as stroke.
  • Cerebral Arteriosclerosis: Hardening or blockage of arteries in the brain.
  • Cerebrovascular Conditions: Conditions of the brain's blood vessels including stroke.
  • Cerebrovascular accident: Occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted and results in cell injury and death.
  • Chilblain: Skin inflammation usually in cold weather
  • Circulatory disorder: Disease affecting circulation of blood
  • Circulatory system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the heart and the circulatory system.
  • Coronary heart disease: Disease affecting the heart's arteries (narrowed arteries)
  • Deep vein thrombosis: Blood clot in vein, often in calf muscle vein in the leg.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 1: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 1 is linked to a defect on chromosome 2q37.3.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 2: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 2 is linked to a defect on chromosome 12q24.2.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 3: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 3 is linked to a defect on chromosome 20q12-q13.1.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin-Dependent, Susceptibility to, 4: Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (Type 2 diabetes) is a type of diabetes that doesn't respond to insulin but does tend to respond to dietary measures and diabetes medication. Researchers have discovered a number of genes which are linked to an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The genetic anomaly alone is not enough to cause the disease but simply increases the risk. Type 4 is linked to a defect on chromosome 5q34-q35.2.
  • Eclampsia: Eclampsia is the development of seizures or coma in pregnant women suffering from high blood pressure. Eclampsia is a serious condition which requires urgent medical treatment. Eclampsia may be associated with moderate as well as significant increases in blood pressure. The blood pressure can return to normal after delivery or may persist for a period of time.
  • Embolism: Blockage of an artery or blood vessel
  • Erythema: A condition which is characterized by redness of the skin due to congestion of the capillaries
  • Frostbite: Tissue damage from freezing
  • Group A Streptococcal Infections: "Strep" bacteria responsible for strep throat, impetigo and some other strep conditions.
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome: A rare condition characterized by acute kidney failure, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia (reduced blood platelet count). The condition is often caused by upper respiratory infections or infectious diarrhea.
  • Hemorrhoids: Swollen blood vessels around the anus.
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • Hypertension: High blood pressure
  • Hypotension: Blood pressure that is too low
  • Intrauterine Growth Retardation: Slowly growing fetus in the womb during pregnancy
  • Invasive group A Streptococcal disease: Infection with Group A Streptococcal bacteria
  • Kawasaki disease: A childhood illness that generally affects the skin, mouth and lymph nodes.
  • Male sexual conditions: Any condition that affects the ability of a male to have sexual relations
  • Moyamoya Disease: Brain blood vessel disorder.
  • Oligohydramnios: A deficiency in the amount of amniotic fluid in the gestational sac during pregnancy
  • Orthostatic hypotension: Sudden low blood pressure when a person stands up or changes posture.
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Peripheral vascular disease: Disease of arteries supplying the legs or sometimes arms
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica: A condition characterized by muscle pain and stiffness, fatigue and fever. It is often associated with giant-cell arteritis which is a related but more serious condition.
  • Pregnancy toxemia /hypertension: Preeclampsia is the development of high blood pressure, excess protein in the urine and swelling during pregnancy. Hypertension is a serious health condition due to the fact that it often causes no symptoms until it is severe. The blood pressure usually returns to normal after delivery.
  • Proteinuria: Protein in the urine
  • Purpura: Various bruising conditions where small blood vessels hemorrhage
  • Raynaud's phenomenon: Blood vessel constriction attacks affecting fingers and/or toes.
  • Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome: A condition characterized by pain and reduced range of motion in the shoulder and hand of the affected arm.
  • Restless Legs Syndrome: A neurological disorder where legs develop and crawling, aching skin sensation which is relived by moving the legs.
  • Rheumatic fever: An inflammatory disorder that can occur as a complication of untreated streptococcal bacterial infection such as strep throat or scarlet fever. The condition may affect the brain, skin, heart and joints.
  • Rosacea: Inflammatory rash affecting cheeks, nose, forehead, chin
  • Scleroderma: A rare, progressive connective tissue disorder involving thickening and hardening of the skin and connective tissue. There are a number of forms of scleroderma with some forms being systemic (involving internal organs).
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Stenosis: An abnormal narrowing of a duct or canal
  • Streptococcal Infections: Various "strep" bacterial infections.
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis: Inflammation of a vein wall
  • Swelling symptoms: Symptoms causing swelling or enlargement.
  • Teleangiectasia: Visible enlargement of small blood vessels
  • Temporal arteritis: Inflamed head artery causing headache.
  • Thrombocytopenia: Decreased platelets in the blood
  • Thromboembolism: Lodgement of a blood clot causing blockage
  • Thrombosis: Blood clot occurring in a blood vessel
  • Underweight: Body weight below normal (BMI<20)>
  • Urticaria: A vascular reaction of the upper dermis that is marked by elevated patches
  • Vascular neuropathy: Neuropathy affecting the nerves controlling blood vessels
  • Vasculitis: Inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel
  • Wallenberg's Syndrome: A rare neurological condition caused by a stroke (involving the cerebellar artery) and resulting in symptoms such as facial paralysis or weakness on one side of body.
  • Wegener's granulomatosis: A rare disease involving blood vessel inflammation which can affect the blood flow to various tissues and organs and hence cause damage. The respiratory system and the kidneys are the main systems affected.

 

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