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Diseases » Bone cancer » Glossary
 

Glossary for Bone cancer

  • Adamantinoma: Adamantinoma is a rare tumor. The tumor occurs almost exclusively in the long bones; tumors in the tibia account for more than 80% of cases. The diaphyseal region is the area most commonly affected.
  • Arthritis: General name for any type of joint inflammation, but often means age-related osteoarthritis.
  • Bone and cartilage tumors: Any tumors affecting the bones or cartilage, including both cancerous and benign tumors.
  • Bone conditions: Conditions that affect the bones
  • Bone dysplasia with medullary fibrosarcoma: A rare inherited bone disorder characterized by aggressive bone tumors and defective bone development. The tumors metastasized readily.
  • Bone pain: Bone pain or tenderness is aching or other discomfort in one or more bones.
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Chondrosarcoma: Chondrosarcoma is the second most frequent primary malignant tumor of bone, representing approximately 25% of all primary osseous neoplasms. Chondrosarcomas are a group of tumors with highly diverse features and behavior patterns, ranging from slow-growing non-metastasizing lesions to highly aggressive metastasizing sarcomas.
  • Chordoma: Chordomas are rare tumors that arise from embryonic notochordal remnants along the length of the neuraxis at developmentally active sites. These sites are the ends of the neuraxis and the vertebral bodies.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Endometrial Cancer: Cancer of the endometrium (uterus lining).
  • Eosinophilic granuloma: A fairly benign form of bone tumor.
  • Esophagus Cancer: Cancer of the esophagus in the throat.
  • Ewing's family of tumors: A rare condition where tumors develop in bone or soft tissue. Usually teenagers are affected.
  • Ewing's sarcoma: Ewing's sarcoma is a malignant round-cell tumor. It is a rare disease in which cancer cells are found in the bone or in soft tissue. The most common areas in which it occurs are the pelvis, the femur, the humerus, and the ribs.
  • Exercise: The use of the human muscles to improve ones health
  • Fibrosarcoma: Fibrosarcoma is a malignant tumor derived from fibrous connective tissue and characterized by immature proliferating fibroblasts or undifferentiated anaplastic spindle cells.
  • Fibrous Dysplasia: A rare condition where fibrous tissues develops instead of normal bone tissue. One or more bones may be affected and bones in the legs, head and chest are the usual ones affected.
  • Fractures: Fracture of a bone; also "broken bone".
  • Giant cell tumor: Giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) is a rare, aggressive non-cancerous (benign) tumor.
  • Hip cancer: The presence of tumour growth in the bone of the hip, whether due to primary malignancies e.g. leukaemic or myeloma infiltration of the bone marrow, or due to secondary metastases from another site e.g. lung or breast; cancer affecting bone of hip likely to affect other bones e.g. vertebra, ribs
  • Hodgkin's Disease: A form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system.
  • Injury: Any damage inflicted in the body
  • Joint swelling: One or more swollen joints
  • Kidney Cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the kidneys
  • Liver cancer: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Metastatic cancer: Any cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Multiple Myeloma: A rare malignant cancer that occurs in the bone marrow. More common in skull, spine, rib cage, pelvis and legs.
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Oslam syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by bone cancer, limb abnormalities and enlarged red blood cells.
  • Osteochondroma: A bone development abnormality characterized by the development of a benign bone tumor that occurs on the ends of long bones. Symptoms, if any, are determined by the location and size of the tumor. The tumor can occur singly or in multiples and in rare instances the tumors may become malignant.
  • Osteoid Osteoma: Benign bone tumor usually in long bones
  • Osteoma: Benign bone tumor
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Osteosarcoma: Osteosarcoma is the most common type of malignant bone cancer, accounting for 35% of primary bone malignancies. There is a preference for the metaphyseal region of tubular long bones. 50% of cases occur around the knee.
  • Paget's Disease: Breast carcinoma involving nipple and areola.
  • Paget's disease of bone: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile.
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Pathological fracture: The occurrence of a fracture a bone of the body caused by a disease state
  • Premature aging, Okamoto type: A form of premature aging.
  • Primary bone cancer: Primary bone cancer is where a cancer originates in a bone.
  • Rib Tumor: The presence of tumour growth in the ribs, whether due to primary malignancies e.g. leukaemic or myeloma infiltration of the bone marrow, or due to secondary bony metastases from another site e.g. lung or breast.
  • Sarcoma: A malignant carcinoma that is located in connective tissue
  • Secondary Bone Cancer: Tumour development in bone as a result of spread from a primary malignant tumour from another body site (usually lung bronchus, breast and prostate)
  • Spindle cell carcinoma: Carcinoma which is usually of the squamous cell type, marked by fusiform development of rapidly proliferating cells.
  • Swelling symptoms: Symptoms causing swelling or enlargement.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Tenderness: The occurrence of the sensation of pain
  • Teratoma: A neoplasm made up of different types of tissue
  • Tuberous sclerosis: A rare genetic disorder characterized by harmartomatous skin nodules, seizures, phakomata and bone lesions.
  • Uterine Cancer: Cancer of the uterus.

 

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