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What is Brachial Plexus Injury?

What is Brachial Plexus Injury?

  • Brachial Plexus Injury: Damage to the nerves controlling the shoulder and arm (often from childbirth).

Brachial Plexus Injury is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Brachial Plexus Injury, or a subtype of Brachial Plexus Injury, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Brachial Plexus Injury: Introduction

Types of Brachial Plexus Injury:

Types of Brachial Plexus Injury:

  • Neuropraxia Brachial Plexus Injury - (Stretch Brachial Plexus Injury) most common; nerve damaged but not torn.
  • Avulsion Brachial Plexus Injury - most severe; nerve torn from the spine
  • Rupture Brachial Plexus Injury - nerve torn but not at the spine
  • Neuroma Brachial Plexus Injury - nerve has partially healed with scar tissue damage.
  • more types...»

Broader types of Brachial Plexus Injury:

How serious is Brachial Plexus Injury?

Prognosis of Brachial Plexus Injury: Good for neuropraxia (90-100% recovery); avulsion and rupture require prompt surgery for recovery.
Prognosis of Brachial Plexus Injury: The site and type of brachial plexus injury determine the prognosis. For avulsion and rupture injuries there is no potential for recovery unless surgical reconnection is made in a timely manner. For neuroma and neuropraxia injuries the potential for recovery varies. Most patients with neuropraxia injuries recover spontaneously with a 90-100% return of function. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Brachial Plexus Injuries Information Page: NINDS)

What causes Brachial Plexus Injury?

Causes of Brachial Plexus Injury: see causes of Brachial Plexus Injury

What are the symptoms of Brachial Plexus Injury?

Symptoms of Brachial Plexus Injury: see symptoms of Brachial Plexus Injury

Brachial Plexus Injury: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Brachial Plexus Injury.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Brachial Plexus Injury.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Brachial Plexus Injury: Neurologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Brachial Plexus Injury.
Treatments for Brachial Plexus Injury: see treatments for Brachial Plexus Injury
Research for Brachial Plexus Injury: see research for Brachial Plexus Injury

Organs Affected by Brachial Plexus Injury:

Organs and body systems related to Brachial Plexus Injury include:

Name and Aliases of Brachial Plexus Injury

Main name of condition: Brachial Plexus Injury

Other names or spellings for Brachial Plexus Injury:

Dejerine-Klumpke Palsy

Klumpke's palsy, Lower brachial plexus palsy, Paralysis of the lower brachial plexus, Klumpke paralysis
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Brachial Plexus Injury: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Brachial Plexus Injury:

 

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