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Diseases » Bronchiolitis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Bronchiolitis

  • Acute Appendicitis: Infection of the appendix
  • Acute Bronchitis: Respiratory inflammation of the bronchi leading to the lungs
  • Acute lower respiratory conditions: An acute condition that occurs in the lower respiratory tract
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Aspergillosis: Infection with a fungus called Aspergillus.
  • Asphyxia: Inability to breath and suffocation
  • Asthma: Repeated attacks of breathing difficulty.
  • Asthma in Adults:
  • Asthma in Children:
  • Asthma-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to asthma, or having similar symptoms.
  • Breathing difficulties: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Bronchiectasis: Chronic bronchiole dilation from secretions and blockages.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: A rare form of infant lung disease that usually occurs as a complication of ventilator use in premature babies.
  • COPD: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Mirex: Mirex is a chemical used mainly to control fire ants but also other insecticides such as mealy bugs. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Chronic Bronchitis: Chronic bronchitis is a chronic inflammation of the bronchi (medium-size airways) in the lungs.
  • Cold-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to the common cold.
  • Common cold: A cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat that can be caused by a number of different viruses (e.g. rhinoviruses, coronaviruses). There are over 200 different viruses that have the potential to cause the common cold. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Emphysema: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is defined as an abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Flail Chest: The separation of a portion of the rib cage from the rest of the chest wall - usually due to trauma. The severity of the condition varies depending on the extent of the damage.
  • Hay fever: An allergy which causes sneezing, runny nose or blocked nose for part of the year.
  • Inflammatory conditions that may be pathogenic or non-pathogenic: Medical conditions causing inflammation, whether due to a pathogen (e.g. bacteria, virus), or a systemic or other cause.
  • Isolation: Social withdrawal or isolation
  • Lung abscess: Pus (abscess) in the lung
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Mild fever: The occurance of a fever but in a mild form
  • Parainfluenza: Milder influenza-like infection
  • Parainfluenza virus type 1: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 1 virus occurs during autumn every second year and tends to primarily cause croup as well as respiratory tract infection.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 2: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 2 virus occurs during autumn every second year and tends to primarily cause respiratory tract illness but is milder and less frequent than type 1.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 3: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 3 virus occurs during spring and summer in temperate climates but can continue into autumn.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 4: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 4 virus causes mild sporadic illness.
  • Pleural effusion: Fluid in the pleural spaces.
  • Pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in air contaminated with particles of dust such as coal, kaolin, asbestos and talc. It is generally an occupation disease where people are exposed to the contaminated air for prolonged periods of time. Generally symptoms stop once the exposure ceases.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Pneumothorax: Air in the pleural spaces around the lungs.
  • Rapid breathing: Excessively rapid breathing
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Respiratory syncytial virus: Viral respiratory infection serious in young infants.
  • Rhinovirus: A class of viruses commonly causing the common cold.
  • Runny nose: Rhinitis is the medical term describing irritation and inflammation of some internal areas of the nose
  • Shallow breathing: Small breathes (usually with rapid breathing)
  • Stridor: A harsh high pitched breath sound
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Whooping Cough: An infectious condition caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis

 

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