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Diseases » Brucellosis » Summary

What is Brucellosis?

What is Brucellosis?

  • Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
  • Brucellosis: Infection caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA mainly involving the reticuloendothelial system. This condition is characterized by fever, weakness, malaise, and weight loss.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Brucellosis: infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Brucellosis is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Brucellosis, or a subtype of Brucellosis, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Brucellosis as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Brucellosis: Introduction

Types of Brucellosis:

Broader types of Brucellosis:

How many people get Brucellosis?

Incidence (annual) of Brucellosis: 82 annual cases notified in USA 1999 (MMWR 1999)
Incidence Rate of Brucellosis: approx 1 in 3,317,073 or 0.00% or 82 people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Brucellosis: Brucellosis is not very common in the United States, where100 to 200 cases occur each year. But brucellosis can be very common in countries where animal disease control programs have not reduced the amount of disease among animals. (Source: excerpt from Brucellosis General: DBMD) ... In the United States, < 0.5 cases per 100,000 population. Most cases are reported from California, Florida, Texas, and Virginia.> (Source: excerpt from Brucellosis: DBMD)

Who gets Brucellosis?

Geography Profile for Brucellosis: Although brucellosis can be found worldwide, it is more common in countries that do not have good standardized and effective public health and domestic animal health programs. Areas currently listed as high risk are the Mediterranean Basin (Portugal, Spain, Southern France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, North Africa), South and Central America, Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, the Caribbean, and the Middle East. Unpasteurized cheeses, sometimes called "village cheeses," from these areas may represent a particular risk for tourists. (Source: excerpt from Brucellosis General: DBMD)

How serious is Brucellosis?

Prognosis of Brucellosis: Mortality is low (<2%)>
Complications of Brucellosis: see complications of Brucellosis
Prognosis of Brucellosis: Depending on the timing of treatment and severity of illness, recovery may take a few weeks to several months. Mortality is low (<2%), and is usually associated with endocarditis. (Source: excerpt from Brucellosis General: DBMD)

What causes Brucellosis?

Causes of Brucellosis: see causes of Brucellosis
Causes of Brucellosis: Humans are generally infected in one of three ways: eating or drinking something that is contaminated with Brucella, breathing in the organism (inhalation), or having the bacteria enter the body through skin wounds. The most common way to be infected is by eating or drinking contaminated milk products. (Source: excerpt from Brucellosis General: DBMD)
Risk factors for Brucellosis: see risk factors for Brucellosis

What are the symptoms of Brucellosis?

Symptoms of Brucellosis: see symptoms of Brucellosis

Complications of Brucellosis: see complications of Brucellosis

Incubation period for Brucellosis: a week up to months

Can anyone else get Brucellosis?

Contagion of Brucellosis: Usually caught from contaminated animals or milk.
More information: see contagiousness of Brucellosis
Inheritance: see inheritance of Brucellosis

Brucellosis: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Brucellosis.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Brucellosis.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Brucellosis: see treatments for Brucellosis
Prevention of Brucellosis: see prevention of Brucellosis
Research for Brucellosis: see research for Brucellosis

Society issues for Brucellosis

Hospitalization statistics for Brucellosis: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Brucellosis:

  • 0.0001% (12) of hospital consultant episodes were for brucellosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 50% of hospital consultant episodes for brucellosis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 17% of hospital consultant episodes for brucellosis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 83% of hospital consultant episodes for brucellosis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Name and Aliases of Brucellosis

Main name of condition: Brucellosis

Class of Condition for Brucellosis: bacterial

Other names or spellings for Brucellosis:

Brucella, undulant fever, Malta fever, Mediterranean fever, Bang disease, Cyprus fever, Febris Melitensis, Febris Sudoralis, Febris Undulans, Gibraltar Fever, Goat Fever, Maltese Fever, meditarranean Fever, Melitensis septicemia, melitococcosis, Neapolitan fever, Rock fever

Brucella, Malta fever, Undulant fever Source - Diseases Database

Undulant fever, Malta fever, Gibraltar fever, Rock fever, Mediterranean fever, Brucellosis, Malta fever, Gibraltar fever, Rock fever, Mediterranean fever
Source - WordNet 2.1

Brucellosis: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Brucellosis:


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