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Diseases » Brucellosis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Brucellosis

  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Arthralgia: Pain in the joints, often a symptom of arthritis.
  • Back pain: Pain from the back or spine.
  • Bacterial diseases: Diseases caused by a bacterial infection
  • Brucellosis: An infectious disease caused by the Brucella genus which is transmitted from animals to humans.
  • Cachexia: physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass caused by disease
  • Chronic Joint pain: It is inflammation and infection of one or more joints, which results in pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited movement..
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Diseases contagious from animals: Diseases that can be contracted from animals
  • Diseases contagious from dogs: Diseases that can be contracted from dogs
  • Diseases contagious from food: Diseases that can be contracted from food
  • Diseases contagious from pigs: Diseases that can be contracted from pigs
  • Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  • Enlarged liver: Swelling of the liver.
  • Fatigue: Excessive tiredness or weakness.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Flu-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to flu, or exhibition flu-like symptoms.
  • Flu-like symptoms: Symptoms similar to flu including fever
  • Gentamicin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Gentamicin (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Infective endocarditis: The infection and inflammation of the inner heart layers, especially the valves. The infection is usually bacterial. The condition carries a high risk of death.
  • Joint pain: Pain affecting the joints
  • Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Leukopenia: decreased concentration of white blood cells in the blood.
  • Liver symptoms: Symptoms affecting the liver
  • Lymphocytosis: An abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the blood.
  • Lymphoma: Cancer involving lymph nodes and the immune system.
  • Malaria: A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Mononucleosis: Common infectious virus.
  • Muscle weakness: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the muscles to function at their full strenght
  • Myalgia: Muscle aches and pains
  • Optic neuritis: Optic nerve inflammation
  • Pancytopenia: A term used to describe a lack of all of the different types of blood cells - red and white blood cells and blood platelets. Cancer, infections and toxins are some of the causes of pancytopenia. Symptoms depend on the severity of the deficiency.
  • Papilledema: Swelling of the head of the optic nerve (optic disk) due to increased intracranial pressure.
  • Q fever: A disease caused by Coxiella burnetti which causes fever, headache and muscle pain.
  • Relapsing fever: Tick-borne disease with symptoms that resolve and then relapse
  • Spondylitis: Inflammation of one or multiple bony vertebrae of the spine
  • Sweating: Sweating more than normal
  • Thrombocytopenia: Decreased platelets in the blood
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Tularemia: A rare infections disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis (a gram-negative pleomorphic coccobacillus). Transmission occurs through contact with infected animals or there habitats e.g. bites from infected insects or other animals, eating infected wild animals, contact with contaminated water and soil. Symptoms can vary greatly depending on the method of infection. For example infection through inhalation can cause symptoms similar to pneumonia, eating infected animals can cause a sore throat and abdominal symptoms and transmission through the skin can cause result in a painful skin ulcer.
  • Type A influenza subtype H1: The H1 subtype of influenza is a strain of the type A influenza virus that can cause cause serious illness and result in pandemics. Influenza is viral respiratory infection. The virus is very contagious and can cause severe illness especially in patients who are very young or old or have some other medical condition as well. The severity of symptoms can vary but usually involves respiratory and constitutional (e.g. headache, aching muscles) symptoms. The influenza virus can mutate and produce different strains though the symptoms are the same. This frequent mutation means that people need regular vaccinations to ensure they are protected against new strains as they arise.
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Uveitis: A condition which is characterised by the inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • Zoonotic Diseases: When a condition is transmitted through a zoonotic organisms

 

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