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Diseases » Burns » Glossary
 

Glossary for Burns

  • Accident or injury conditions: Medical conditions caused by accidents or physical injuries.
  • Accidental injury: An injury that occurs accidentally
  • Analgesia: A condition which is characterized by an absence of pain
  • Chemical poisoning -- 1,1-Dimethylhydrazine: 1,1-Dimethylhydrazine is a chemical used mainly in jet fuel and rocket fuel, plant growth agent, photography and various other industrial uses. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Acrylic acid: Acrylic acid is a chemical used mainly in the production of resins and acrylic acids which are usually used in adhesives and coatings. It is also used in water treatment and in the production of plastics and detergents. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Ammonia: Ammonia is a chemical used mainly in household cleaning products and bleach. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Toluene: Toluene is a chemical used mainly in pesticides, degreasers, glues and pain removers. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Death: The cessation of life
  • Electrical burns: Burns caused when an electric current pass through the body or part of it. The symptoms and severity of the burn depends on the strength of the electrical current, the duration of the exposure and the part of the body involved. Prompt treatment in more severe cases can improve the prognosis.
  • Erythema ab igne:
  • Hemoglobinuria: A medical term for the presence of blood in the urine. There are a large number of serious and benign conditions that can cause large or small amounts of blood in the urine.
  • Hyperkalaemia: Increased concentration of potassium in the blood.
  • Hypernatraemia: increased concentration of sodium in the blood
  • Hyponatraemia: Hyponatraemia means there is a lower than normal concentration of sodium in the blood.
  • Hypovolemia: An abnormal decrease in volume of blood.
  • Methaemoglobinaemia: The presence of methaemoglin in the a persons blood
  • Myoglobinuria: Myoglobin (muscle protein) in the urine. It is often caused by destruction of muscle tissue for a variety of reasons such as certain drugs, metabolic abnormalities and trauma.
  • Other conditions resulting from external causes: Medical conditions caused by some external event, such as in the environment.
  • Pain: A feeling of suffering, agony, distress caused by the stimulation of pain fibres in the nervous system
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Physical conditions: Any condition that physically affects an individual
  • Rash: General name for any type of skin inflammation.
  • Rhabdomyolysis: Skeletal muscle injury or death, which releases muscle fibres into the blood.
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Skin blistering: The occurrence of blistering on the skin
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Skin peeling: The occurrence of peeling of the skin
  • Spherocytosis: A rare blood disorder characterized by a defect of the red blood cell membrane which gives it a spherical shape rather than the normal doughnut shape.
  • Tetanus: A disease caused by chemicals which are produced by a bacterium (clostridium tetani) and are toxic to the nerves. The infection usually occurs when the bacteria enter the body through a deep wound - these bacteria are anaerobic and hence don't need oxygen to survive.
  • Vesiculobullous rash:
  • Wound Infection: Infection of a skin wound.

 

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