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Diseases » Canavan disease » Glossary

Glossary for Canavan disease

  • Abnormal muscle tone: The presence of muscle tone either increased or decreased that varies from what is considered normal
  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Canavan leukodystrophy: A rare inherited disorder where a chemical imbalance in the brain leads to spongy degeneration of the central nervous system which results in progressive mental deterioration and associated symptoms.
  • Degenerative conditions: Diseases characterized by a progressive and degenerative decline.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Infant symptoms: Symptoms affecting babies and infants.
  • Intrauterine Growth Retardation: Slowly growing fetus in the womb during pregnancy
  • Leukodystrophy: A very rare group of metabolic diseases where chemical anomalies affect the development or maintenance of the protective coating around nerves (myelin sheath). The brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves may be involved. The range and severity of symptoms is determined by the chemical involved but one of the main symptoms for all the leukodystrophies is a gradual loss of previously acquired mental or physical skills.
  • Mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, hypogonadism, diabetes and facial and skull abnormalities.
  • Movement symptoms: Changes to movement or motor abilities
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Poor feeding: Poor feeding (mostly in infants)


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