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Diseases » Candidiasis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Candidiasis

  • AIDS: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections: A term given to HIV patients who have a low CD4 count (below 200) which means that they have low levels of a type of immune cell called T-cells. AIDS patients tend to develop opportunistic infections and cancers. Opportunistic infections are infections that would not normally affect a person with a healthy immune system. The HIV virus is a virus that attacks the body's immune system.
  • APECED Syndrome: APECED is a recessively inherited genetic disease characterized by the presence of two of the following three conditions: impaired parathyroid function, yeast infection (candidiasis) and impaired adrenal gland function (Addison's disease). It is an autoimmune disease resulting from a genetic defect. The body's immune system malfunctions and attacks it's own body tissues.
  • Athlete's foot: Fungal skin condition typically of feet or toes.
  • Atopic dermatitis: Skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation, and pruritis. Often hereditary and associated with allergic rhinitis and asthma.
  • Blisters: Blistering of the skin.
  • Breast symptoms: Any symptom affecting one or both breasts.
  • Candidiasis: Fungal infection of moist areas such as mouth or vagina
  • Ceftazidime -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ceftazidime (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Cellulitis: Inflammation of skin or subcutaneous tissues.
  • Ceptaz -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Ceptaz (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Cheek symptoms: Symptoms affecting the cheek region
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Cutaneous Candidiasis: A condition which is characterized by a candida infection which occurs on the cutaneous surface
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Diaper rash: Red rash in diaper area of infants
  • Dyspareunia: Vaginal pain after sexual intercourse
  • Eczema: Eczema is a chronic skin condition characterized by skin inflammation and irritation. The severity of extent of the condition is highly variable. It may be caused by allergies, irritants or other factors such as stress.
  • Endocarditis: Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
  • Esophagus diseases: Diseases affecting the esophagus
  • Fortaz -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Fortaz (an antibiotic) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Fungal infections: Any condition caused by fungus.
  • Fungal nail infections: Fungal conditions of the toenail or fingernail
  • Fungemia: The presence of fungi in the blood. Most commonly occurs in people with a compromised immune system. Other risk factors include dialysis, burns, diabetes and use of broad-spectrum antibiotics and steroids. The severity of symptoms is variable.
  • Genital herpes: Sexually transmitted infection of the genital region.
  • Granulocytopenia: Reduced number of granulocytes in the blood. Granulocytes are a type of white blood cell (neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils). White blood cells help protect the body from invading pathogen and hence act as the body's defense to infection.
  • HIV/AIDS: HIV is a sexually transmitted virus and AIDS is the progressive immune failure that HIV causes.
  • Intertrigo: Skin inflammation from rubbing together of two skin areas
  • Invasive candidiasis: Severe fungal infection usually in immunocompromised persons
  • Itchy rash: Skin rash that itches
  • LADD Syndrome: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by ear, teeth and tear duct abnormalities.
  • Lacrimoauriculodentodigital syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by ear, teeth and tear duct abnormalities.
  • Lichen planus: Skin rash
  • Malabsorption syndrome: is an alteration in the ability of the intestine to absorb nutrients adequately into the bloodstream
  • Methacycline -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Methacycline during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Mouth conditions: Any condition that affects the mouth
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Myocarditis: Inflammation of the myocardium (muscle walls of the heart)
  • Nezelof's syndrome: An immune deficiency disorder where the cells that normally fight infection don't work properly and patients suffer frequent severe infections.
  • Nosocomial infections: Any infection that originates in a hospital
  • Nystatin -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Nystatin during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Oral lichen planus: An inflammatory condition involving the mucous lining inside the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums and throat.
  • Oral thrush: Candida fungal infection of the mouth.
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Paronychia: Skin infection of a nail
  • Penile candidiasis: Uncommon yeast infection of male genitals.
  • Pinworm: Small, threadlike parasitic worms mainly in colon and rectum
  • Polyendocrine deficiency syndrome type 1: Multi-endocrine syndrome commonly affecting children
  • Pruritus: The sensation of itch
  • Psoriasis: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition where the defective immune system causes skin cells to grow rapidly. It affects a significant number of people. Arthritis, which can be severe, is associated with the psoriasis in up to a third of cases. Not all patients who are susceptible to the condition will develop it - roughly 10% of those susceptible will actually develop the condition. There are various environmental factors which can trigger the onset of the disease e.g. strep throat (common trigger), some medication, stress and cold weather. Once the disease develops, it may resolve on its own or with treatment or may become a persistent chronic condition. The severity and duration of symptoms is variable.
  • Purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) deficiency: A condition which is characterized by a deficiency of purine nucleoside phosphorylate
  • Purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency: A very rare genetic disease involving an enzyme (purine nucleoside phosphorylase - PNP) deficiency which causes a buildup of toxic metabolic products which in turn impairs the development of T-cells (part of the body's immune system). The condition is characterized primarily by frequent infections and various neurological symptoms.
  • Rash: General name for any type of skin inflammation.
  • SCID: Major failure of the immune system, usually genetic.
  • Sjogren's Syndrome: Autoimmune disease damaging the eye tear ducts and other glands.
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Skin inflammation: General name for any type of skin inflammation.
  • Systemic candidiasis: A candida infection that spreads throughout the body. If it invades major organs such as the brain and heart, death may result. It is rare in healthy individuals and tends to occur in immunocompromised individuals. The disorder is difficult to diagnose as it can invade almost any organ of the body and hence the symptoms are hugely variable.
  • Thrush: Thrush is a fungal infection which is caused by a fungus from the Candida species. It usually affects the mucus membranes of the mouth and vagina. Occasionally the infection can spread throughout the body and cause severe illness.
  • Tinea corporis: A condition which is characterized by tinea of glabrous skin
  • Tinea cruris: Red, scaly rash in groin and upper thigh area; usually found in men and due to fungal infection
  • Type 2 diabetes: Most common diabetes in adults, usually progressing slowly, mostly treated without insulin at diagnosis.
  • Underarm symptoms: Symptoms affecting the underarm area
  • Vagina conditions: Any condition that affects the female vagina
  • Vaginal candidiasis: Fungal infection of the vagina, sometimes called thrush.
  • Vaginal discharge: Discharge from the vagina as a symptom
  • Vaginitis: Vaginal inflammation or infection of any type.
  • Vulvovaginitis: Irritation or inflammation of the vulva or vagina. The condition is very common in young girls and can be triggered by moisture, tight clothing, obesity and irritants such as soap.
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome: An inherited immune system disorder that affects only males and is characterized by recurring infections, eczema and reduced level of blood platelets (thrombocytopenia).

 

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