Prevalence and Incidence of Celiac Disease
Prevalance of Celiac Disease:
1 in 250 Americans estimated rate; actual diagnosis rate is 1 in 4,700 Americans; 1 in 250 in Italy; 1 in 300 in Ireland; 20,000 diagnosed (Reader's Digest Feb 2004) ... see also overview of Celiac Disease.
approx 1 in 249 or 0.40% or 1.1 million people in USA [Source statistic for calcuation: "1 in 250 Americans estimated rate; actual diagnosis rate is 1 in 4,700 Americans; 1 in 250 in Italy; 1 in 300 in Ireland; 20,000 diagnosed (Reader's Digest Feb 2004)" -- see also general information about data sources]
Ophanet, who are a consortium of European partners,
currently defines a condition rare when if affects 1 person per 2,000.
They list Celiac Disease as a "rare disease".
More information about Celiac Disease is available from Orphanet
Undiagnosed prevalence of Celiac Disease:
estimated 1 million undiagnosed Americans; more than a million (Reader's Digest Feb 2004) ... see also misdiagnosis of Celiac Disease.
Undiagnosed prevalence rate:
approx 1 in 272 or 0.37% or 1 million people in USA [about data] ... Note: this rate calculation uses the following statistic: estimated 1 million undiagnosed Americans; more than a million (Reader's Digest Feb 2004)
Prevalance of Celiac Disease:
Celiac disease is the most common genetic disease in Europe. In Italy
about 1 in 250 people and in Ireland about 1 in 300 people have celiac
disease. It is rarely diagnosed in African, Chinese, and Japanese
An estimated 1 in 4,700 Americans have been diagnosed with celiac
disease. Some researchers question how celiac disease could be so uncommon
in the United States since it is hereditary and many Americans descend
from European ethnic groups in whom the disease is common. A recent study
in which random blood samples from the Red Cross were tested for celiac
disease suggests that as many as 1 in every 250 Americans may have it.
(Source: excerpt from Celiac Disease: NIDDK)
Prevelance of Celiac Disease discussion:
Celiac disease affects children
and adults. At least 1 in 1,000 people and, in some populations, 1 in 200
people have celiac disease. Most often, celiac disease first causes
symptoms during childhood, usually diarrhea, growth failure, and failure
to thrive. But the disease can also first cause symptoms in adults. (Source: excerpt from Facts and Fallacies About Digestive Diseases: NIDDK)
About prevalence and incidence statistics:
The term 'prevalence' of Celiac Disease usually refers to the estimated population
of people who are managing Celiac Disease at any given time.
The term 'incidence' of Celiac Disease refers to the annual diagnosis rate,
or the number of new cases of Celiac Disease diagnosed each year.
Hence, these two statistics types can differ:
a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence,
but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence.
For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.