Cervical polyps: Introduction
A cervical polyp is a small finger-like growth or tumor that hangs from the cervix of a woman's uterus. The cervix is the organ that provides an opening between the vagina and the uterus. Cervical polyps are generally benign (noncancerous), but in rare cases a cervical polyp can be an early symptom of cervical cancer.
The development of a cervical polyp is linked to inflammation (swelling and irritation) of the cervix. However, the exact cause of cervical polyps is unknown. Cervical polyps often develop during a chronic infection of the cervix or vagina. Cervical polyps are common in women over age 20 who have had children. Women can develop one or more cervical polyps at a time.
Symptoms of cervical polyps include abnormal vaginal bleeding, or bloody vaginal discharge. For more information about symptoms, refer to symptoms of a cervical polyp.
Diagnosing a cervical polyp includes taking a medical and sexual history, and completing a physical and pelvic examination. During the pelvic examination, the health care practitioner will view and assess some of the woman's reproductive organs using a speculum. A speculum is a lighted instrument that enables a practitioner to view the cervix and vagina. At this time a sample of the woman's cervix is generally taken to be tested for certain sexually transmitted diseases. A Pap smear is also performed to screen for cervical cancer. Rarely cervical polyps can be a symptom of early cervical cancer.
Cervical polyps are treated with a relatively simple outpatient procedure, in which the cervical polyp is removed. The cervical polyp is then checked under a microscope to look for cancer cells to ensure it is benign. In rare cases in which cervical cancer is found, treatment varies, depending on the individual case and the stage and advancement of cervical cancer. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of a cervical polyp.
Making a diagnosis of cervical polyps can be missed or delayed because the symptoms are similar to symptoms of certain other conditions and diseases. For information on misdiagnosis and conditions and diseases that can mimic a cervical polyp, refer to misdiagnosis of a cervical polyp. ...more »
Cervical polyps: Benign polyps on the cervix of the uterus.
More detailed information about the symptoms,
causes, and treatments of Cervical polyps is available below.
Cervical polyps: Symptoms
Symptoms of a cervical polyp or polyps include a vaginal discharge that is watery and bloody. Bleeding after sexual intercourse and/or after menopause can also occur. Women can develop one or more cervical polyps at a time.
In rare cases cervical polyps can be a sign of cervical cancer. cervical cancer often produce no obvious symptoms in its earliest stages. When ...more symptoms »
Cervical polyps: Treatments
Cervical polyps can be quickly and easily treated with an outpatient procedure in which the polyp is removed. The cervical polyp is then checked under a microscope to look for cancer cells to ensure it is benign (noncancerous).
In the vast majority of cases, cervical polyps are benign. However, it is still important for women and adolescent girls who are sexually ...more treatments »
Cervical polyps: Misdiagnosis
Symptoms of cervical polyps can be similar to symptoms of other disease and conditions, such as cervical cancer, uterine cancer, gonorrhea, nongonococcal urethritis, and possibly other sexually transmitted diseases. Because of this, it is vital that women and sexually active girls seek regular medical care. Getting regular medical ...more misdiagnosis »
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Definitions of Cervical polyps:
A polyp that arises from the glandular epithelium of the cervix. -- 2003
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