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Diseases » Cystic Fibrosis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Cystic Fibrosis

  • Abdominal Pain: A condition which is characterized by the sensation of pain that is located in the abdomen
  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Abnormal Heart Rhythm: An abnormal way of the heart beating
  • Adrenal insufficiency: Where there is insufficient secretion of hormones secreted from the adrenal glands
  • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: An allergic reaction to a particular fungus called Aspergillus.
  • Alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency: A rare disorder characterized by the development of lung disease in adults and liver disease in adults and children.
  • Anderson's triad: The association of cystic fibrosis, celiac disease and vitamin A deficiency.
  • Asthma: Repeated attacks of breathing difficulty.
  • Asthma in Adults:
  • Asthma in Children:
  • Asthma-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to asthma, or having similar symptoms.
  • Autosomal Genetic Diseases: Any conditions that are related to any non-sex-determining chromosome
  • Autosomal Recessive Genetic Diseases: Any conditions that are related to any non-sex-determining chromosome
  • Biliary cirrhosis: Biliary cirrhosis is a condition where the bile ducts are unable to transport bile effectively due to blockage, inflammation, scarring or some other damage to the bile ducts. The condition may result from such things as congenital defect of the bile ducts (e.g. biliary atresia), cystic fibrosis, gallstones or a variety of other secondary conditions. The cause of primary biliary cirrhosis is not fully understood.
  • Bronchiectasis: Chronic bronchiole dilation from secretions and blockages.
  • Bronchiolitis: Inflammation of the bronchioles.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: A rare form of infant lung disease that usually occurs as a complication of ventilator use in premature babies.
  • COPD: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  • Carrier conditions: A condition where a person is symptom-free despite a genetic or infectious disease
  • Celiac Disease: Digestive intolerance to gluten in the diet.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Cholelithiasis: Is the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • Chronic Sinusitis: Chronic form of sinusitis, inflammation of the sinus cavities.
  • Chronic cough: The chronic noisy sudden expulsion of air from the respiratory tract
  • Chronic digestive diseases: Any disorder causing ongoing chronic digestive complaints.
  • Chronic lower respiratory diseases: General term for various chronic respiratory diseases including COPD, emphysema and chronic bronchitis
  • Cirrhosis of liver: Chronic liver disease wherein normal liver parenchyma is replaced by fibrous tissue.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
  • Cor pulmonale: Enlarged heart due to respiratory difficulty.
  • Coughing: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Coughing blood: Blood in coughed up material.
  • Cystic fibrosis -- gastritis -- megaloblastic anemia: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by cystic fibrosis, anemia and gastritis.
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Diabetic Diarrhea: Diarrhea that occurs in diabetics as a result of the damage done by diabetes to the digestive system. Digestive system damage is caused by intestinal neuropathy (damage to intestinal nerves) or bacterial overgrowth or both.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Ectodermal dysplasia: A group of rare inherited conditions which affect the ectodermal skin layer which includes the skin, hair, teeth and nails.
  • Emphysema: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is defined as an abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Female infertility: Infertility that affects the female
  • Fertility symptoms: Fertility problems for men or women.
  • Fibrosis: The formation of fibrous tissue
  • Finger clubbing: The proliferation of soft tissue around the ends of fingers and toes
  • Flatulence: Passing wind through the anus
  • Fucosidosis: A rare progressive biochemical disorder involving deficiency of an enzyme (alpha-fucosidase) which results in accumulation of certain chemicals (glycosphingolipids) in the central nervous system and other body tissues.
  • Gallstones: Stone-like deposits in the gall bladder.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Glycogen Storage Disease Type I: An inherited metabolic disorder where a deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphatase prevents glycogen being turned into glucose leading to a buildup of glycogen in the liver and kidneys. Most problems tend to develop during adulthood.
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • Hypopituitarism: A disorder caused by reduced pituitary hormone levels. Hormones produce by the pituitary gland produces growth hormones, prolactin, thyroid stimulating hormone, antidiuretic hormone and others.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Lung fibrosis from unknown causes.
  • Immune deficiency: Any of various diseases that suppress the immune system.
  • Immune deficiency conditions: Any of various diseases that suppress the immune system.
  • Infertility: The inability to produce offspring
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
  • Kartagener syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by enlarged bronchial tubes, sinusitis and cross-positioning of body organs.
  • Kwashiorkor: A malnutrition state that is produced by severe protein deficiency
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Lung inflammation: Inflammation that occurs in the lung
  • Lung symptoms: Symptoms affecting one or both lungs.
  • Malabsorption: Failure to digest nutrients properly
  • Malabsorption syndrome: is an alteration in the ability of the intestine to absorb nutrients adequately into the bloodstream
  • Male infertility: The inability of the male to reproduce
  • Meconium plug syndrome: A condition that can occur in newborns where a mass of thickened meconium obstructs the large intestines. The condition may occur as a result of other disorders such as cystic fibrosis, colon atresia, narrowed colon, impaired intestinal motility (Hirschsprung disease) or for no apparent reason. Often, bowel function returns to normal once the meconium plug is passed from the body.
  • Menstrual conditions: Any condition that is associated with the female menstrual cycle
  • Mucopolysaccharidoses: A lysosomal storage disorder that is caused by a deficiency of the ability to metabolise glycosaminoglycans
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Nasal polyp: A polyp that is found in the nasal passage
  • Neonatal Jaundice: Common skin yellowing jaundice in newborn babies.
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus: A rare inherited condition where the kidneys can't concentrate the urine sufficiently which results in excessive urination and thirst. The condition occurs because the kidneys are unable to respond to the antidiuretic hormone.
  • Pancreas conditions: Any condition that affects the pancreas
  • Pancreas symptoms: Symptoms affecting the pancreas gland
  • Pancreatic insufficiency: Impaired pancreatic functioning. The pancreas does not produce sufficient digestive enzymes to properly digest lipids and proteins. Pancreatic insufficiency may be caused by such things as pancreatic cancer, cystic fibrosis, pancreatic resection and chronic pancreatitis.
  • Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Parotid gland enlargement: Parotid gland enlargement refers to swelling or puffiness of the parotid gland.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Pneumothorax: Air in the pleural spaces around the lungs.
  • Primary Immune Deficiency: Various types of immune deficiencies; usually genetic.
  • Pulmonary fibrosis: A scarring condition that affects the lungs
  • Pulmonary hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition may be caused by such things as lung conditions (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis), heart conditions (e.g. congestive heart failure, birth defects involving heart), AIDS or medications such as fenfluramine (a diet drug). Sometimes it occurs for no apparent reason and is called primary pulmonary hypertension.
  • Recessive Genetic Diseases: A disease that produces an effect in humans only when it is homozygous
  • Rectal prolapse: Protruding rectum through the anus
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Respiratory infections: Any infection that occurs to the respiratory system
  • Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Selective IgA Deficiency: Immune deficiency from lacking immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies.
  • Shock: Severe condition from reduced blood circulation
  • Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome:
  • Sinusitis: Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
  • Sputum symptoms: Sputum symptoms such as when coughing
  • Staphylococcal infection: Any infection caused by the bacteria staphylococcal
  • Sweat symptoms: Symptoms related to sweating
  • Toe symptoms: Symptoms affecting the toes
  • Wet cough: Wet productive cough producing sputum
  • Williams-Campbell syndrome: A rare disorder involving a reduction or absence of cartilage in the bronchi which affects lung functioning. Severity of the symptoms depends on the scale of the defect.

 

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