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Diseases » Chronic Bronchitis » Glossary
 

Glossary for Chronic Bronchitis

  • Acute Bronchitis: Respiratory inflammation of the bronchi leading to the lungs
  • Acute lower respiratory conditions: An acute condition that occurs in the lower respiratory tract
  • Allergy-like conditions: Medical conditions with similar effects to those of allergies.
  • Aluminium lung: A respiratory condition caused by breathing in aluminium containing substances such as aluminium ore or a grain preservative called aluminium phosphide.
  • Aspergillosis: Infection with a fungus called Aspergillus.
  • Asthma: Repeated attacks of breathing difficulty.
  • Asthma in Adults:
  • Asthma in Children:
  • Asthma-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to asthma, or having similar symptoms.
  • Atypical mycobacterial infection:
  • Blue and bloated syndrome: Heart and breathing problems that occur in obese patients that can cause reduced blood oxygenation especially while sleeping.
  • Bronchitis: Bronchitis is an inflammation of the air passages within the lungs. It occurs when the trachea and the large and small bronchi within the lungs become inflamed
  • COPD: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Coal Dust: Inhalation of coal dust can cause various symptoms. The severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of coal dust involved.
  • Chemical poisoning -- Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans: Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans are a group of chemicals that are usually formed as a byproduct of various industrial processes. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chemical poisoning -- acetic acid: Acetic acid is a chemical used for medicinal purposes such as superficial ear infections, jellyfish stings and bladder irrigation. Acetic acid is a also a component of vinegar which is used as a cooking ingredient. The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
  • Chest conditions: Any condition affecting the chest
  • Chronic Bronchitis: Chronic bronchitis is a chronic inflammation of the bronchi (medium-size airways) in the lungs.
  • Chronic lower respiratory diseases: General term for various chronic respiratory diseases including COPD, emphysema and chronic bronchitis
  • Chronic respiratory conditions: Chronic disorders of the respiratory (breathing) systems, such as COPD, emphysema, and others.
  • Cor pulmonale: Enlarged heart due to respiratory difficulty.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Defective expression of HLA class 1: A genetic defect involving a deficiency of major histocompatibility complex class I which manifests as poor immunity. This deficiency tends to result in chronic respiratory tract infections and chronic lung disease. A deficiency of class II tends to cause severe combined immunodeficiency which manifests as systemic infections that do not appear in Class I deficiency.
  • Emphysema: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is defined as an abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Farmer's lung: A condition that affects farmers who are exposed to mouldy hay or crops. The lungs become inflamed due to a hypersensitivity reaction to the exposure.
  • Flail Chest: The separation of a portion of the rib cage from the rest of the chest wall - usually due to trauma. The severity of the condition varies depending on the extent of the damage.
  • Heart disease: Any of various heart conditions.
  • Inflammatory conditions that may be pathogenic or non-pathogenic: Medical conditions causing inflammation, whether due to a pathogen (e.g. bacteria, virus), or a systemic or other cause.
  • Klinefelter syndrome variant:
  • Klinefelter syndrome, variants: A genetic condition where males have at least one extra X chromosome or extra copies of both the X and Y chromosomes in each cell. Normally male cells contain one X and one Y chromosome in each cell. The condition is not inherited but is a result of problems during cell division.
  • Lung abscess: Pus (abscess) in the lung
  • Lung cancer: Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth may lead to metastasis, which is the invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration beyond the lungs. Most lung tumors are malignant.
  • Lung conditions: Various conditions affecting the lungs or related airways.
  • Lung damage: COPD is defined as the destruction of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles and their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • MHC class 1 or class 2 deficiency: An inherited immunodeficiency disorder involving a deficiency of class I and II major histocompatibility complexes. Serious infections can result.
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Nicotine addiction: Nicotine addiction is the uncontrollable desire to continue smoking. Smoking products contain nicotine which is a chemical that can lead to addiction if used over a period of time. Cessation causes withdrawal symptoms which can vary in nature and severity.
  • Persistent cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Pleural effusion: Fluid in the pleural spaces.
  • Pneumoconiosis: A lung disease caused by breathing in air contaminated with particles of dust such as coal, kaolin, asbestos and talc. It is generally an occupation disease where people are exposed to the contaminated air for prolonged periods of time. Generally symptoms stop once the exposure ceases.
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Pneumothorax: Air in the pleural spaces around the lungs.
  • Primary Immune Deficiency: Various types of immune deficiencies; usually genetic.
  • Primary pulmonary hypertension: Primary pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the arteries that carry blood to the lungs for no apparent reason. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low.
  • Productive cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Pulmonary hypertension: Pulmonary hypertension refers to high blood pressure in the blood vessels that carry blood to the lungs. Blood pressure in other parts of the body is normal or sometimes even low. The condition may be caused by such things as lung conditions (e.g. emphysema, chronic bronchitis), heart conditions (e.g. congestive heart failure, birth defects involving heart), AIDS or medications such as fenfluramine (a diet drug). Sometimes it occurs for no apparent reason and is called primary pulmonary hypertension.
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory failure: Failure of the respiratory system
  • Respiratory infections: Any infection that occurs to the respiratory system
  • Respiratory symptoms: Symptoms affecting the breathing systems.
  • Smokers throat: Irritation or inflammation of the throat caused due to excessive smoking.
  • Smoking: The smoking of cigarettes
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Wet cough: Wet productive cough producing sputum
  • Yellow nail syndrome: A rare nail condition characterized by thickened yellow nails as well as swelling of parts of the body due to lymphatic drainage problems resulting from blocked or damaged lymphatic system.

 

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