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Diseases » Chronic infections » Glossary
 

Glossary for Chronic infections

  • Asthma in Adults:
  • Asthma in Children:
  • Chronic Bronchitis: Chronic bronchitis is a chronic inflammation of the bronchi (medium-size airways) in the lungs.
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Chronic Granulomatous Disease: A very rare inherited blood disorder where certain cells involved with immunity (phagocytes) are unable to destroy bacteria and hence the patient suffers repeated bacterial infections.
  • Chronic Hepatitis: Chronic hepatitis is defined as inflammatory disease of the liver lasting for more than six months.
  • Chronic Hepatitis B: Chronic form of HepB liver infection.
  • Chronic Hepatitis C: Chronic form of Hepatitis C viral liver infection.
  • Chronic Illness: Any form of continuing chronic illness.
  • Chronic Pancreatitis: Chronic ongoing inflammation of the pancreas causing digestive complaints.
  • Chronic cough: The chronic noisy sudden expulsion of air from the respiratory tract
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Congenital Athyma: The absence of the thymus in a newborn. The thymus gland is located beneath the breastbone and above the windpipe and heart. It is made up of lymphatic tissue and is believed to be responsible for supporting the development of the immune system from the fetal stage through to puberty. After puberty, the thymus gland tends to shrink. Thus, the absence of the thymus results primarily in immune deficiency and lack of functioning T cells.
  • Diarrhea, Glucose-Stimulated Secretory, with Common Variable Immunodeficiency: A rare condition (described in one patient) characterized by severe diarrhea and immunodeficiency.
  • Emphysema: Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is defined as an abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Epididymo-orchitis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the epididimis and testes of a male
  • Hydatid cyst: It is rare for hydatid disease to be encountered primarily in the urogenital system or retroperitoneum. Moreover, prostatic involvement is extremely rare.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Occupational Cancer -- Sino Nasal Carcinoma: Occupational exposure during soldering can increase the risk of developing sino nasal carcinoma.
  • Polymyalgia rheumatica: A condition characterized by muscle pain and stiffness, fatigue and fever. It is often associated with giant-cell arteritis which is a related but more serious condition.
  • Sarcoidosis: Rare autoimmune disease usually affecting the lungs.
  • Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma: A rare but aggressive tumor that occurs in the nasal or sinus cavities.
  • Thymus Dysfunction: Thymus dysfunction refers to impaired functioning of the thymus gland. The thymus gland is located beneath the breastbone and above the windpipe and heart. It is made up of lymphatic tissue and is believed to be responsible for supporting the development of the immune system from the fetal stage through to puberty. After puberty, the thymus gland tends to shrink. Dysfunction of the thymus gland primarily results in impaired immune system function and hence increased susceptibility to infections.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Underactive Thymus: A deficiency in the level of activity of the thymus gland which results primarily in increased susceptibility to illness. The thymus gland is located beneath the breastbone and above the windpipe and heart. It is made up of lymphatic tissue and is believed to be responsible for supporting the development of the immune system from the fetal stage through to puberty. After puberty, the thymus gland tends to shrink. They thymus gland releases hormones which stimulate white blood cell production.
  • Whitaker syndrome: A condition that usually occurs in childhood caused by an autoimmune polyendocrinopathy

 

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