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Diseases » Cirrhosis of liver » Glossary
 

Glossary for Cirrhosis of liver

  • Abdominal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the abdominal region.
  • Acanthocytosis: A rare disorder where most of the red blood cells are abnormal with spiny projections due to lipid abnormalities. The blood abnormality is seen in conditions such as abetalipoproteinemia, severe liver disease and severe malnutrition. Symptoms and prognosis depend on the underlying disorder.
  • Alagille Syndrome: A genetic disorder affecting the liver and characterized by the absence of some or all of the liver bile ducts that transport bile within the liver.
  • Alcoholic liver disease: Alcoholic liver disease is the major cause of liver disease in Western countries, (in Asian countries, viral hepatitis is the major cause). It arises from the excessive ingestion of alcohol.
  • Ascites: Fluid accumulation in abdominal cavity
  • Autoimmune Hepatitis: Liver inflammation caused due to autoimmune processes where the body's immune system attacks the liver.
  • Biliary Atresia: A rare condition that can affect newborns where the bile duct that carries the bile from the liver to the small intestine is blocked or missing.
  • Biliary cirrhosis: Biliary cirrhosis is a condition where the bile ducts are unable to transport bile effectively due to blockage, inflammation, scarring or some other damage to the bile ducts. The condition may result from such things as congenital defect of the bile ducts (e.g. biliary atresia), cystic fibrosis, gallstones or a variety of other secondary conditions. The cause of primary biliary cirrhosis is not fully understood.
  • Bonnemann-Meinecke-Reich syndrome: A rare disorder characterized mainly by growth problems, vision problems and brain disease.
  • Coagulopathy: A disorder of the blood where it fails to clot normally.
  • Coughing blood: Blood in coughed up material.
  • Cyanosis: Blueness or purple coloring of skin.
  • Cystic Fibrosis: Cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease affecting the exocrine (mucus) glands of the lungs, liver, pancreas, and intestines, causing progressive disability due to multisystem failure.
  • Digestive Diseases: Diseases that affect the digestive system
  • Galactosemia: Any of a number of recessive disorders that cause accumulation of galactose in the blood from an inability to metabolise galactose
  • Graft-versus-host disease: A disease characterised by an immune response as a result of a transplantation or transfusion resulting in a widespread systemic inflammatory response
  • Hematochromatosis: Hemochromatosis is the abnormal accumulation of iron in parenchymal organs, leading to organ toxicity. It is the most common inherited liver disease in whites and the most common autosomal recessive genetic disorder.
  • Hepatitis B: Viral liver infection spread by sex or body fluids.
  • Hepatitis C: Viral liver infection spread by blood.
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • Hepatoma: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver.
  • Hepatorenal Syndrome: A condition the occurs as a result of severe liver disease.
  • Hyperphosphataemia: An increased level of phosphate in the circulation above that which is considered normal
  • Itching skin: Itching feeling of the skin.
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Parotid gland enlargement: Parotid gland enlargement refers to swelling or puffiness of the parotid gland.
  • Pleural effusion: Fluid in the pleural spaces.
  • Portal hypertension: Portal hypertension may be defined as a portal pressure gradient of 12 mm Hg or greater and is often associated with varices and ascites.
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis: Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic and progressive cholestatic disease of the liver.
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease of unknown etiology that is recognized increasingly in children.
  • Proteinuria: Protein in the urine
  • Schistosomiasis: Parasitic fluke infection in developing countries
  • Spider naevi: A lesion on the skin where there is a central red spot from which blood vessels radiate, whereby, when it is pressed the red disappears.
  • Tremor: Involuntary trembling most commonly of the hands.
  • Visceral leishmaniasis: A condition which is characterized by an infection of the viscera by leishmaniasis
  • Vomiting blood: Blood appearing in vomited material.
  • Wilson's Disease: Wilson disease, or hepatolenticular degeneration, is a neurodegenerative disease of copper metabolism.

 

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