Treatments for Clostridium perfringens food poisoning
Treatment List for Clostridium perfringens food poisoning
The list of treatments mentioned in various sources
for Clostridium perfringens food poisoning
includes the following list.
Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment
or change in treatment plans.
- Treatment of food poisoning is dependant on the severity of symptoms, the age of the patient, coomorbidities (such as diabetes etc) and the likely causative organism. Treatment is usually symptomatic as the illness is usually self-limiting within 24-48 hours. Treatments include:
- Avoidance of dehydration and rehydration
- Oral therapy - if vomiting and dehydration are not severe. Small amounts and often, ideally with and balanced electrolyte solutions, but other fluids can be used. Avoid high sugar drinks as this may worsen diarrhoea and dehydration.
- Nasogastric therapy - in a hospital setting may be used to avoid intravenous therapy.
- Intravenous therapy - where vomiting and/or dehydration are severe, or there is an altered level of consciousness or other coomorbidities.
- Treatment of other symptoms
- Pain and fever can be treated with paracetamol or ibuprofen
- Anti-emetics - can be useful where vomiting is a predominant feature, but generally not recommended in children.
- Antidiarrheals - traditionally avoided because of the risk of bacteremia, but probably have a role in symptomatic treatment of mild to moderate diarrhoea
- Rarely indicated
- Hospitalisation. Recommended for:
- The very young (<6 months) and the very elderly
- Moderate to severe dehydration and ongoing losses
- Those with other significant medical conditions
- Altered level of consciousness
- Early age appropriate refeeding is now recommended once vomiting is controlled and rehydration is complete
- Use complex carbohydrates such as rice, potatoes, and bread; and lean meats
- Delay in reintroduction of non-human milk has previously been recommended due to the risk of lactose intolerance, but there is an increasing body of evidence that suggests reintroduction of milk once tolerated, or even continuing milk during an acute illness, is not associated with increased adverse outcomes
- Breastfeeding should continue as tolerated
- Public Health measures and good hygiene
- To avoid spread of disease
- Identify the source of the infection
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