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Diseases » Common cold » Glossary
 

Glossary for Common cold

  • Acute Bronchitis: Respiratory inflammation of the bronchi leading to the lungs
  • Acute Sinusitis: A condition which is characterized by an acute inflammatory reaction affecting the sinuses
  • Acute lower respiratory conditions: An acute condition that occurs in the lower respiratory tract
  • Acute rhinitis: An acute condition which affects the nasal mucous caused by inflammation
  • Adenoviruses: Common viruses causing common cold and various other ailments.
  • Adolescent conditions: Symptoms that are evident due to puberty
  • Allergic reaction: An acute reaction through exposure to a particular allergen
  • Allergic rhinitis: Allergic rhinitis involves inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose, eyes, eustachian tubes, middle ear, sinuses, and pharynx.
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Animal allergies: Allergy to animals, typically household pets.
  • Bell's Palsy: A usually temporary facial nerve disorder where a part or all of the face becomes suddenly paralysed.
  • Bronchitis: Bronchitis is an inflammation of the air passages within the lungs. It occurs when the trachea and the large and small bronchi within the lungs become inflamed
  • Campylobacter food poisoning: Common bacterial infection usually from chicken.
  • Child health conditions: Any medical conditions typically afflicting children.
  • Common Conditions: Any common condition
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Croup: Respiratory infection with a characteristic cough
  • Diseases contagious from droplets: Diseases that can be contracted from droplets
  • Diseases contagious from saliva: Diseases that can be contracted from saliva
  • Diseases contagious from surfaces: Diseases spread from contact with surfaces
  • Dust mite allergies: Allergy to dust mites in household dust.
  • Ear infection: An infection that affects the ear
  • Earache: Pain in the ear called "otalgia"
  • Flu: Very common viral respiratory infection.
  • Food allergies: Immune over-reaction to an eaten food.
  • Food poisoning: Poisoning from a substance or microbe in food.
  • Glue ear: Fluid accumulation in the middle ear
  • Hay fever: An allergy which causes sneezing, runny nose or blocked nose for part of the year.
  • Hemophilus influenzae B: Bacterial respiratory infection with dangerous complications.
  • Histoplasmosis: Lung infection from fungus Histoplasma capsulatum
  • Interferon Alpha -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Interferon Alpha during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Laryngitis: Laryngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the larynx which is located in the upper part of the respiratory tract.
  • Mastitis: Infected breast common in nursing mothers
  • Meningitis: Dangerous infection of the membranes surrounding the brain.
  • Meningococcal disease: Dangerous bacterial infection causing meningitis or bacteremia.
  • Middle ear infection: Infection of middle ear also called otitis media.
  • Mold allergies: Allergies to airborne or household molds.
  • Mucus membrane conditions: Medical conditions affecting any of the mucus membranes.
  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae: Bacterial respiratory infection
  • Nasal polyp: A polyp that is found in the nasal passage
  • Nasopharyngitis: Nasopharyngitis is a contagious, viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory system, primarily.It is the most common infectious disease in humans
  • Nose conditions: Any condition that affects the nose
  • Parainfluenza: Milder influenza-like infection
  • Parainfluenza virus type 1: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 1 virus occurs during autumn every second year and tends to primarily cause croup as well as respiratory tract infection.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 2: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 2 virus occurs during autumn every second year and tends to primarily cause respiratory tract illness but is milder and less frequent than type 1.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 3: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 3 virus occurs during spring and summer in temperate climates but can continue into autumn.
  • Parainfluenza virus type 4: Parainfluenza is an influenza-like viral disease that can cause croup, upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia or bronchiolitis. Type 4 virus causes mild sporadic illness.
  • Pharyngitis: Inflammation or infection of the larynx in the throat
  • Pneumonia: Infection of the lung by bacteria, viruses or fungus.
  • Pulmonary Anthrax: Inhaled lung anthrax, most severe form of anthrax.
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Respiratory infections: Any infection that occurs to the respiratory system
  • Respiratory syncytial virus: Viral respiratory infection serious in young infants.
  • Rhinitis: Nasal lining inflammation leading to runny/blocked nose
  • Rhinovirus: A class of viruses commonly causing the common cold.
  • Runny nose: Rhinitis is the medical term describing irritation and inflammation of some internal areas of the nose
  • Salmonella food poisoning: Common type of food poisoning.
  • Sinusitis: Sinusitis is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses.
  • Sneezing: Nasal sneezing often from nasal irritation
  • Sore throat: Discomfort in the throat or with swallowing
  • Staphylococcus aureus food poisoning: Common type of food poisoning.
  • Stuffed nose: Blockage to the nose often from runny nose
  • Tear symptoms: Symptoms affecting the eye's ability to tear
  • Traumatic Brain Injury: Brain injury from trauma or accident.
  • Upper Respiratory Infection: Any type of infection of the upper respiratory tract
  • Viral diseases: Any disease that is caused by a virus
  • Wegener's granulomatosis: A rare disease involving blood vessel inflammation which can affect the blood flow to various tissues and organs and hence cause damage. The respiratory system and the kidneys are the main systems affected.
  • Whooping Cough: An infectious condition caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis

 

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