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Diseases » COPD » Summary
 

What is COPD?

What is COPD?

COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a chronic, ongoing, progressive disease of the lower ...more »

  • COPD: Severe obstruction of bronchial air flow typically from bronchitis and/or emphysema.
  • COPD: chronic, irreversible obstruction of air flow from the lungs.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • COPD: a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

COPD: Introduction

Types of COPD:

Types of COPD:

Broader types of COPD:

How many people get COPD?

Prevalance of COPD: 13.5 million Americans (NHLBI)
Prevalance Rate of COPD: approx 1 in 20 or 4.96% or 13.5 million people in USA [about data]
Undiagnosed prevalence of COPD: 15 million undiagnosed or in early stages
Undiagnosed prevalence rate of COPD: approx 1 in 18 or 5.51% or 15 million people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of COPD: More than 13.5 million Americans are thought to have COPD. (Source: excerpt from What is COPD: NHLBI)

Who gets COPD?

Patient Profile for COPD: Typically middle aged adults.

Gender Profile for COPD: More common in men, but women increasing, reflecting smoking patterns.

Gender Profile for COPD: Although COPD is still much more common in men than women, the greatest increase in the COPD death rate between 1979 and 1989 occurred in females, particularly in black females (117.6 percent for black females vs. 93 percent for white females). These increases reflect the increased number of women who smoke cigarettes. (Source: excerpt from What is COPD: NHLBI)

How serious is COPD?

Prognosis of COPD: Variable. Good prognosis depends on early diagnosis (i.e. on extent of lung damage).
Complications of COPD: see complications of COPD
Deaths for COPD: 124,181 annual deaths; 5.2% of deaths (CDC/1999).
Cause of death rank for COPD: 5th top cause of death in 1999 is "Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease" (CDC)

What causes COPD?

Causes of COPD: see causes of COPD
Risk factors for COPD: see risk factors for COPD

What are the symptoms of COPD?

Symptoms of COPD: see symptoms of COPD

Complications of COPD: see complications of COPD

COPD: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for COPD.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and COPD.

How is it treated?

Treatments for COPD: see treatments for COPD
Prevention of COPD: see prevention of COPD
Research for COPD: see research for COPD

Society issues for COPD

Costs of COPD: $32.1 billion with $18.0b direct, $6.8b morbidity, $7.3b mortality (NHLBI 2002)
Costs of COPD: In 1989, an estimated $7 billion was spent for care of persons with COPD and another $8 billion was lost to the economy by lost productivity due to morbidity and mortality from COPD. (Source: excerpt from What is COPD: NHLBI)
Hospitalizations for COPD: 713,000 (NHLBI 1999)

Hospitalization statistics for COPD: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and COPD:

  • 1.8% (229,725) of hospital episodes were for chronic lower respiratory diseases in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 72% of hospital consultations for chronic lower respiratory diseases required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 49% of hospital episodes for chronic lower respiratory diseases were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 51% of hospital episodes for chronic lower respiratory diseases were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 92% of hospital admissions for chronic lower respiratory diseases required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7.8 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for chronic lower respiratory diseases in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 4 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for chronic lower respiratory diseases in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»


Physician office visits for COPD: 12,345,000 (NHLBI 1999) Physician office visits for COPD: In 1990, COPD was the cause of approximately 16.2 million office visits to doctors and 1.9 million hospital days. (Source: excerpt from What is COPD: NHLBI)

Organs Affected by COPD:

Organs and body systems related to COPD include:

Name and Aliases of COPD

Main name of condition: COPD

Other names or spellings for COPD:

chronic obstructive lung disease

COAD, Chronic bronchitis, Chronic obstructive airways disease, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Source - Diseases Database

COPD: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, COPD:

 

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